The actual Tirel name began at the turn of the 2nd century AD or 1000 with Walter Tirel the 1st Lord of Poix. For those of you who read French, there is an EXCELLENT website with the Tirel Lineage at Poix -
Please go to this site even if you don't read French just to see the crests and all. It is really fun. For the rest of us - here is the history that I have found to the best of my knowledge. The White Cross of the Legions of Honor of France, now used by Sigma Nu Fraternity, of which your Grandfather Bud was a member, has several Tirel receipents. Here is the genealogy
of the Tirel family for the last 1,000 years. For our
lineage before that time please visit the Genealogy
section of this website. Thank You.
2. Baron WALTER I TIREL 2nd Lord of Poix
Born - 1015
RESIDENCE: FRANCE & ENGLAND
Family 1 : Olga
1. + WALTER II TIREL
"Sir Walter I de Tirel (youngest son), second Lord of Poix, Castellan, of Pontoise, and Viscount of Amiens, a Baron of France and England. Lord Laingaham, Essex, and Kingsworthy and Avon in Hants. Built castles of Poix and Famechon in 1046. All of these are in Normandy, France. He accompanied William the Conqueror to the conquest of England and participated in the Battle of Hastings, 1066. 57 additional generations back are in "Terrell Genealogy" by Dicken. It is based largely on charts from J.H.Tyrrell of London."
3. WALTER II TIREL
1040 - AFT 1069
DEATH: AFT 1069
Father: WALTER I TIREL 2nd Lord of Poix
Family 1 : ANN de CLARE
1. + WALTER III de TIREL OF POIX
"Witness to a concession in 1069 by Ralf,
Count of Amines, to the church of Amiens."
4. BARON WALTER III de TIREL OF POIX
1060 - 1136 (Tyre shield shown - The stag's horns became the French Tirel Shield
RESIDENCE: Normandy & ENG
DEATH: 1136, 2nd Crusade in Jerusalem
Father: WALTER II TIREL
Mother: ANN de CLARE
Family 1 : ADELIZA de CLARE
Family 2 : ADELAIDE GIFFARD
1. + HUGH I TIREL OF POIX
"SIR WALTER III DE TIREL, Lord of Poix, Laingaham, Kingsworthy and Avon and a Baron of France and England; Castellan of Pontoise 1091. He was present at the siege of Jerusalem, First Crusade, 1096. He accidentally killed William II, Rufus, King of England 1097-1100, by a glancing arrow while hunting in the New Forest.
He married Adeliza, daughter of Richard Fitz-Gilbert, founder of the House of Clare and Rohaise de Bolebec, who was a daughter of Walter Giffard, the elder Count of Longueville, in Normandy, created in 1066 Earl of Buckingham, who was the owner of 107 lordships and commanded the army of King William, Rufus, of England, in Normandy in 1089. Sir Walter Tirel died in the Holy Land in 1136, Second Crusade."
"Sir Walter III Tirel, Third Lord of Poix, Second Lord of Laingaham Kingsworthy and Avon. A Baron of France and England, Castellon of Pontoise, 1091. Joined the first Crusade and was at the seige of Jerusalem, 1096. Reputed to have accidently slain William Rufus, 1100. Founded the Priory of St.Denis, 1116, and the Monestary of Selincourt 1131. Died on a pilgramage to the Holy Land about 1136."
[S1014] [S1503] PLEASE SCROLL DOWN ON THE LEFT TO FINISH THIS LINEAGE
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx - another version xxxxxxxxxxx
Walter Tirel was married to Adelize, the daughter of Richard Fitz Gilbert. On 2nd August 1100, William Rufus went hunting at Brockenhurst in the New Forest. His brother-in-laws, Gilbert de Clare and Roger of Clare, were also with the king. During the hunt, Tirel fired an arrow at a stag. The arrow missed the animal and (use the scroll to your left to continue) hit William Rufus in the chest. Within a few minutes the king was dead. Tirel jumped on his horse and made off at great speed. He escaped to France and never returned again to England.
Gilbert and Roger, sons of Richard de Clare, who were present at Brockenhurst when the King was killed... were brothers-in-law of Walter Tirel... Richard, another brother-in-law, was promptly selected to be Abbot of Ely by King Henry I, who further gave the see of Winchester to William Giffard, another member of the same powerful family circle.
Historians... have hinted that barons... perhaps led by the Clares... had arranged William's death. But there is not a shred of good evidence and the theory merely avoids the obvious. Hunting accidents were, after all, not uncommon.
The day before the king died he dreamt that he went to heaven. He suddenly awoke. He commanded a light to be brought, and forbade his attendants to leave him.
The next day he went into the forest... He was attended by a few persons... Walter Tirel remained with him, while the others, were on the chase.
The sun was now declining, when the king, drawing his bow and letting fly an arrow, slightly wounded a stag which passed before him... The stag was still running... The king, followed it a long time with his eyes, holding up his hand to keep off the power of the sun's rays. At this instant Walter decided to kill another stag. Oh, gracious God! the arrow pierced the king's breast.
On receiving the wound the king uttered not a word; but breaking off the shaft of the arrow where it projected from his body... This accelerated his death. Walter immediately ran up, but as he found him senseless, he leapt upon his horse, and escaped with the utmost speed. Indeed there were none to pursue him: some helped his flight; others felt sorry for him.
The king's body was placed on a cart and conveyed to the cathedral at Winchester... blood dripped from the body all the way. Here he was buried within the tower. The next year, the tower fell down.
William Rufus died in 1100... aged forty years. He was a man much pitied by the clergy... he had a soul which they could not save... He was loved by his soldiers but hated by the people because he caused them to be plundered.
5. BARON HUGH I TIREL OF POIX
1110 - 1159
RESIDENCE: FR & ENG
Father: WALTER III de TIREL OF POIX
Mother: ADELAIDE GIFFARD
Family 1 : ADA d' AUMALE
1. + HUGH II "The Grecian Knight" TYRRELL (TIREL) OF CASTLEKNOCK
Sir Hugh Tirel, Fourth Prince of Poix, a Baron in France and England. He was with the second crusade, 1146. Held lands in the New Forest (Pipe Roll).
6. BARON HUGH II "The Grecian Knight" TYRRELL (TIREL) OF CASTLEKNOCK
1140 - 1199 in , , , England. He died in 1199 in , , , England and was buried in 1199 in Selin Court, , , England.
OCCUPATION: the "Grecian Knight."
RESIDENCE: Poix, France
BURIAL: Selin Court
Father: HUGH I TIREL OF POIX
Mother: ADA d' AUMALE
Family 1 : MARIE de SENARPONT
1. + ROGER AVON TYRRELL
Sir Hugh II TYRRELL, sixth Lord of Poix, First Baron of Castleknock in 1173. With Strongbow in Ireland 1169. Governor of Trim 1183. At the seige of Acre in crusade 1191. Named the "Grecian Knight." One of DeLacy's Barons.
Served with Strongbow in Ireland 1169. Governor of Trim 1183. Ath the Siege of Acre in the Crusade of 1191. Named the "Grecian Knight". One of "De Lacy's Barons".
7. ROGER AVON TYRRELL
Father: HUGH II "The Grecian Knight" TYRRELL (TIREL) OF CASTLEKNOCK
Mother: MARIE de SENARPONT
1175 - ?
Family 1 :
1. + EDWARD AVON TYRRELL
8. EDWARD AVON TYRRELL
1210 - ?
Father: ROGER AVON TYRRELL
Family 1 :
1. + GALFRID AVON TYRRELL
9. GALFRID AVON TYRRELL
1250 - ?
Father: EDWARD AVON TYRRELL
Family 1 :
1. + EDMOND TYRRELL
10. EDMOND TYRRELL
1280 - ?
Father: GALFRID AVON TYRRELL
Family 1 : JANE SUFFOLK BORGATE - it was through this marriage that the famous Thornden Hall was brought into the Tyrrell family. This is the very same estate that was used by Charolette Bronte in her famous novel, Jayne Eyre. Today Thorden Hall is the home of one of the most famous music schools in the UK and maybe in all of the world.
1. + HUGH TYRRELL of Great Thornden
11. HUGH TYRRELL of Great Thornden
____ - AFT 1378
RESIDENCE: Essex, ENG
DEATH: AFT 1378
Father: EDMOND TYRRELL
Mother: JANE SUFFOLK BORGATE
Family 1 : JANE FLAMBERT
1. + JAMES TYRRELL Of Essex, Knt.
Sir Hugh of Great Thornden, Essex. Governor of Carisbrooke, which he defended against the French, 1378.
12. JAMES TYRRELL Of Essex, Knt.
____ - AFT 1380
RESIDENCE: of Essex, ENG
DEATH: AFT 1380
Father: HUGH TYRRELL of Great Thornden
Mother: JANE FLAMBERT
Family 1 : MARGARET HERRON
1. + WALTER HERON TYRRELL
Knighted before Ardes, 1380. (Dicken, p.3)
13. WALTER HERON TYRRELL
____ - ____
Father: JAMES TYRRELL Of Essex, Knt.
Mother: MARGARET HERRON
Family 1 : ANNA SWYNFORD
1. + THOMAS HERON TYRRELL
THOMAS HERON TYRRELL
____ - AFT 1423
14. THOMAS HERON TYRRELL
RESIDENCE: Essex, ENG
DEATH: AFT 1423
Father: WALTER HERON TYRRELL
Mother: ANNA SWYNFORD
Family 1 : ELIZABETH FLAMBERT
1. + JOHN HERRON TYRRELL Knt. OF HERON
Sir Thomas Tyrrell of Heron, Sheriff of Essex and Herford, 1423. Fought in the battle of Agincourt. A helmet that is said to be part of his armour is preserved in the chapel at East Herndon. Above it is the Tyrrell Crest: a boar's head with at Peacock's tail issuing from its mouth.
15. JOHN HERRON TYRRELL Knt. OF HERON
____ - 1437
OCCUPATION: Speaker of the House of Commons
RESIDENCE: Essex, ENG
Father: THOMAS HERON TYRRELL
Mother: ELIZABETH FLAMBERT
Family 1 : ALICE de COGGESHALL
1. + THOMAS HERRON TYRRELL Knt. of Heron
Sources [S504] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, by David Faris, pub by Genealogical Pub. Co. Inc. Lib of Cong. Cat. # 96-76348; copyright 1996.
[S1503] Ancestry.com gedcoms h8816. Submitters: EMail [email protected] URL: http://www.flash.net/~maclover/WC22/WC22_306.HTM
Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists by David Faris, 2nd edition pub NEHGS 1999.
16. THOMAS HERRON TYRRELL Knt. of Heron
ABT 1411 - BET 1475 AND 0000
OCCUPATION: Knight of the Shire for Essex.
RESIDENCE: Esthornedon, Essex, ENG
BIRTH: ABT 1411
DEATH: BET 1475 AND 0000 [S1531]
BURIAL: East Horndon, Essex, England
Father: JOHN HERRON TYRRELL Knt. OF HERON
Mother: ALICE de COGGESHALL
Family 1 : ANNA de MARNEY
? MARRIAGE: England  [S1531]
1. + THOMAS OCKEDONN TYRRELL
2. ROBERT TYRRELL
3. + HUMPHREY TYRRELL Gent. of Warley Setmels
4. WILLIAM TYRRELL Knt.
5. + ELIZABETH TYRRELL
Son and Heir of John Tyrrell, Knt.; 4 sons & one daughter.Will dated 15 May 1475 and proved 11 Jan 1477, names wife dame Anne, and sons, Humphrey and Robert. Thomas Knt. of Heron in East Horndon, Essex, and Malton in Orwell, Meldreth, and Shepreth, co. Cambridge. Sheriff of Essex and Herts, 1460 & Chamberlain of the Exchequer.
17. THOMAS OCKEDONN TYRRELL
____ - ____
Father: THOMAS HERRON TYRRELL Knt. of Heron
Mother: ANNA de MARNEY - It is with this marriage that our family is related to the Plantagenets, the French, Italians, Spanish, etc. Anna's ancestry is long and full. Just goes to show that what the Tyrrell's didn't have they were smart enough to marry!!
Family 1 : ELIZABETH le BRUN
1. + WILLIAM TYRRELL
18. WILLIAM TYRRELL
1465 - ____
Father: THOMAS OCKEDONN TYRRELL
Mother: ELIZABETH le BRUN
Family 1 : ELIZABETH BODLEY
1. + HUMPHREY THORNTON TYRRELL
19. HUMPHREY THORNTON TYRRELL
____ - ____
Father: WILLIAM TYRRELL
Mother: ELIZABETH BODLEY
Family 1 : JANE INGLETON
1. + GEORGE THORNTON TYRRELL
Much early research shows Humphrey as the son of Sir Thomas. However, Diane Dawn Dandridge Allen quotes "The Tyrells of England" (page 138, Pedigree 8, page 246-247) as showing Humphrey as the GRAND-son...with his father as Sir William.
20. GEORGE THORNTON TYRRELL
____ - 10 May 1571
DEATH: 10 May 1571
Father: HUMPHREY THORNTON TYRRELL
Mother: JANE INGLETON
Family 1 : HELEN (ELINOR) MONTAGU
1. EDWARD THORNTON TYRRELL OF THORNTON
2. + William TERRELL Of Reading
3. THOMAS TYRRELL
4. FRANCIS TYRRELL
5. EMMA TYRRELL
7. HESTER TYRRELL
WARNING "Ref.: O. F. Brown, THE TYRELLS OF ENGLAND, 1982, Published by Phillimore & Co., LTD, Shopwyke Hall, Chichester, Sussex. This is the best documented book on the early Tyrell family that I have found. Mr. Brown says that there are gaps in the lines claimed by so many for which no documentation to prove them is known to exist. In 1966, he agreed to take on the job of finishing and publishing the Tyrell family research of the late Rev. William Tirrell.
Mr. Brown said that this line is circumstantial and though possible, he emphasizes that he cannot prove it. The claimed line from George Tyrell of Thornton to Robert Tyrrell of Reading is not proven. George had a son named William for whom no further documentation has been found. Many claim that this William was the father of Robert of Reading. Possibly he was."
21. William TERRELL Of Reading
____ - 28 Aug 1595
RESIDENCE: Reading, ENG
BIRTH: Oakendon, England
DEATH: 28 Aug 1595, Reading, England
Father: GEORGE THORNTON TYRRELL
Mother: HELEN (ELINOR) MONTAGU - this marriage brings in all of the French nobility as the Montagus were related to all of the early French Kings.
Family 1 : Margaret RICHMOND
1. + Robert TERRELL of Reading
2. David TYRRELL
3. Thomas TYRRELL
4. Francis TYRRELL
22. Robert TERRELL of Reading
1592 - 12 Jun 1643
OCCUPATION: Clothier - is this the gene that brings my love of clothes????
RESIDENCE: Reading, ENG
BIRTH: 1592, England [S1819]
DEATH: 12 Jun 1643, Reading, England
BURIAL: St. Giles Parish, England
Father: William TERRELL Of Reading
Mother: Margaret RICHMOND
Family 1 : Jane BALDWIN
? MARRIAGE: 29 Jun 1617, St. Giles, Reading, England [S1819]
1. John TERRELL
2. Robert TERRELL
3. Mary TERRELL
4. Margaret TERRELL
5. + Richmond TERRELL I
6. Joan TERRELL
7. Charles TERRELL
8. William TERRELL
9. Timothy TERRELL
10. Thomas TERRELL
"Barnhill: Robert's Will - Robert Terrell, of Reading in the County of Berks, clothier: to the poor of the St. Giles Reading 30s - to my son Robert Terrell L150 - son Richmond Terrell the like sume at age 21 - and to son William Terrell at the age of 21 - and to son Timothy Terrell at the age of 21 - to Mary Terrell L150; to daughter Margaret Terrell L150 at age 21 - to son John Terrell my racks, furnaces, shears, handles, papers and other shop stuff and impliments of clothing and also my great gilte silver bowl - to son Richmond silver wine bowl - to son Robert silver beer bowl - to William and Timothy the silver spoons that were my children's - to Mary silver and gilt salt - to Margaret trencher salt - my wife Jane to have in custody of all the plate during her widowhood - residue to said wife Jane and on John, joint executors - overseers, brother-in-law Mr. Thomas Baldwin, friend Mr. Richard Stampe, & brother-in-law Richard Hunt. Dated 8 Jun 1643, proved at Oxford 27 Sep 1643 by Jane Terrell."
"Robert Tyrrell carried the title of Councilor and Guardian of Reading. The name was TYRRELL in England; it became Terrell in America. We have chosen to show the change at this point, but in truth, the change was gradual."
23. Richmond Terrell
Born 1624 England
Christened 17 OCT 1624
Came to America and settled in New Kent County, VA
Father Robert Terrell, b. ABT. 1580, England
Mother Jane Baldwin, b. ABT. 1590, England
Family 1 Elizabeth Walters
Children > 1. Richmond Terrell, b. ABT. 1650, II
> 2. William Terrill, b. ABT. 1660,
> 3. Robert Terrell, b. ABT. 1662,
> 4. Timothy Terrill, b. ABT. 1665, New Kent Co., Virginia
Notes Settled in Blisland Parish, New Kent Co. Virginia in 1656 (Hanover Co. was created from New Kent Co.). Reference "Terrell Genealogy" by Emma Dicken, pub. by the Naylor Company, San Antonio, TX. "Book 4 p. 112, Land Patent Book at Richmond shows that on 28 Nov. 1656, Richmond Terrell was granted 640 acres of land for the the transportation of 13 persons, among them was his brother, Robert Terrell, transported several times. Richmond is again listed among persons transported by Charles Edmonds from England to Virginia in 1658, so for business reasons must have made a return trip." "It appears that some persons who desired land grants were allowed to advance money for the passage of new settlers, and were issued certificates which were assignable, which gave them immediate possession of the land, but were not given a permanent deed until the passengers had actually arrived and their names listed. This was evidently the case in the second grant to Richmond Terrell, recorded in Land Book 6, p. 369, dated 8 Feb. 1670." Among the 12 persons transported was William Tyrrell, probably his brother. According to Dicken, there is a strong possibility that Richmond may have had a fourth son, Robert, who, on 20 April 1682, was granted 170acre of land in New Kent Co. At that time, Robert, brother of Richmond, was not alive. Nineteen years later there is another grant to a Robert Terrill in Middlesex Co., VA. This Robert married Mary and baptized a son, Robert on 13 May 1707 in Middlesex Co.
24. Timothy Terrill/Terrill
Born ABT. 1665 New Kent Co., Virginia
Died Orange Co., Virginia
Father Richmond Terrell, b. 1624, England
Family 1 Elizabeth Foster, b. ABT. 1667,
Married MAR 1685/86
Children 1. Elizabeth Terrill, b. ABT. 1685,
2. Mary Terrill, b. ABT. 1688,
3. Ann Terrill, b. ABT. 1692,
4. William Terrill, b. ABT. 1694,
5. Joel Terrill, b. ABT. 1696,
6. Robert Terrill, b. 19 SEP 1697, New Kent Co., Virginia
7. Joseph Terrill, b. 16 NOV 1699, Virginia
8. Timothy Terrill, b. ABT. 1700,
Notes Vestryman in St. Peter's Parish. Reference: Terrill Bulletin by Ellsberry. Dicken says that the descendants of Timothy have adhered to the Terrill spelling of the name, rather than Terrell, which is used by Richmond's descendants quite a bit. Timothy settled in Orange Co., VA. Record is found in St. Peter's Parish of the baptism of these three children, but it is almost certain that there were others whose records were lost. It is family tradition that he had sons William and Timothy, and some daughters. I have entered here the line from Dicken as given on supposed son, Timothy. Alexandros Quayle, in his book written 1925, has this Timothy as the son of his Uncle Timothy.
25. Joseph Terrill/Terrell
Born 16 NOV 1699 Virginia
Christened 31 DEC 1699 St. Peter's Pari, New Kent Co., Virginia
Father Timothy Terrill, b. ABT. 1665, New Kent Co., Virginia
Mother Elizabeth Foster, b. ABT. 1667,
Children Joseph Terrell, Jr (spelling was changed here)
26. JOSEPH TERRELL, JR.
Born January 28, 1745 in Hanover County, VA
Died on April 9, 1787
Married Elizabeth Mills
Born on January 26, 1747
Died November 22, 1833
Joseph Terrell, Jr. was a Private in the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 7th Regiments of the Virginia Line. from Richmond, William and Timothy Terrell, Colonial Virginians, Barnhill, Celeste Jane. p.6
Joseph & Elizabeth Mills Terrell had 11 children One of their children was David Terrell
This was also taken from Bible records from Mrs. Ann Atkinson Parr, Ashland, Virginia
27. DAVID TERRELL
b. August 19, 1782 Hanover County, VA
d. April 19, 1819 Hanover County, VA
married Mary Henley Thompson, daughter of Richard Thompson and Jane Banks
1. Joseph Carr Terrell b. Dec. 7, 1807 married Ann Terrell
Father: Joseph TERRELL
Mother: Elizabeth MILLS
_Joseph TERRELL _
_Joseph TERRELL __|
|_Elizabeth MILLS _|
28. JOSEPH CARR TERRELL
b. Dec. 7, 1807 Hanover County, VA
d. September 28, 1864 Hanover County, VA
married Ann Terrell (his first cousin) on Aug. 3, 1845 in Hanover County, Virginia. Anne was born on May 10, 1817 and died May 21, 1880. They had four children-
1. Charles Thomas W. Terrell b. 1852 married Fannie Pierce McGehee
Ann Lewis TERRELL
Father: Joseph Zachary TERRELL
Mother: Martha Washington HARRIS
_Charles TERRELL _
_Joseph Zachary TERRELL ___|
| |_Ann LEWIS _______
|--Ann Lewis TERRELL
|_Martha Washington HARRIS _|
29. CHARLES THOMPSON TERRELL
b. 1852 Hanover County, VA
d. June 19, 1923 Hanover County, VA
married Fannie Pierce McGehee She was born on Nov. 27, 1852 and was a daughter of Alexander Stewart McGehee 16 Sep 1826 and Mary Jane Thompson 1854 She died at Beaver Dam, Hanover County, Va. On April 29, 1929. They were the parents of five sons.
1. Dr. Emmett Herman Terrell b. May 10, 1878 m. Daisy Ellett
2. Hervey Rosser Terrell b. Aug 20, 1880 d. Jan 10, 1920 married Lucy Vaughan b. Jan 22. 1880 (my Aunt Lucy that cat Miss Lucy was named after. What a great lady she was)
3. Joseph Stuart Terrell b. Oct. 18, 1886 married Y. Winfrey (Uncle Joe)
4. Charles Pierce Terrell b. Sept. 6, 1892 m. Mabel C. Billups
5. Earley Thomas Terrell
30. EARLEY THOMAS TERRELL
b. May 13, 1882 Beaverdam, VA
d. Jan. 7, 1967 Louisa County, VA
married Ophelia Louise Harris They had four children.
1. Earley Thomas Terrell (Uncle Earley who was a psychiatrist and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Married to Eugenia Jackson Beazley (Aunt Jean)
2. Francis Nelson Terrell b. Jan 14, 1915 d. Nov. 5 1972 married Henry Drewry Kerr, Jr.
3. Martha Louise Terrell b. June 22, 1920 married Nathan Lenoir Riddle. They live in Georgia outside of Atlanta -
(4) James Emmett Terrell
31. JAMES EMMETT TERRELL
b. 1911 Ashland, VA
d. Nov. 7, 1967 Evansville, Indiana
m. to Nannie Belle Clendenin, Greensboro, NC. 1937
32. NANCY CLENDENIN TERRELL
b. Jan. 12, 1940 in Richmond, Virginia
m. Morton Franklin Longnecker, Jr. on Aug. 27, 1960
son - Gregory Stuart Longnecker
Gregory has four children. They are
1. Lauren Elizabeth Longnecker b. June 30, 1988 - Lauren is now a senior in high school, is an honor student and a record setting swimmer. She will major in Political Science when attending college
2. Christian Terrell Longnecker b. August 22, 1996 - Christian is quite a "water rat" and is already helping his father in his parasail business in Honolulu.
3. Hannah Marie Longnecker - b. Aug. 15, 1997
Hannah loves school and is an excellent student
4. Luke Longnecker - b. March 22, 2005 - is a truly sweet baby - with a smile that will melt your heart
son - Michael Emmett Longnecker - Mike has one son
1. Taylor Hilty Longnecker - b. July 10, 1989-
Taylor is extremely talented in both music and art. You can see his art elsewhere on this site.
Religious worship in Castleknock dates back to 1185 when Richard de Tyrell, son of the first Baron of Castleknock, gave a grant to the Benedictine Monks of the Abbey of Little Malvern, Worcestershire, to endow a religious house at Castleknock in honour of St Brigid. In 1609, a Church was built on the site of this Abbey, and the present Church in turn replaced it. The foundation stone of the present Church was laid on 20th October 1803 and, with the help of a loan of £1,000 in 1809 from the Board of First Fruits, was completed in 1810. A spire was added to the tower in 1864 but was struck by lightning in 1957 and had to be removed.
The tower houses two bells. The smaller was cast in Dublin in 1855, while the larger was part of a ring of six in St Werburgh’s Church in Dublin City and was cast in Gloucester in 1747. St Werburgh’s tower was removed in 1836, as it provided a vantage point overlooking Dublin Castle, and was thought to be a security risk. The bell came to St Brigid’s in 1855.
Aras an Uachtarain lies just inside the Parish boundary and St Brigid’s therefore has a President’s Pew. This was regularly occupied by President Erskine Childers and was most recently occupied by President Mary McAleese on her official visit to the Parish in 1998.
Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine of England is Our 34th great grandmother through Ann
Marney who married Thomas Terrell in 1440. Eleanor was married to both King Henry II of England and King Louis of France and was the mother of three English Kings - Richard the Lion-Hearted, John, who signed the Magna Charta and Geoffrey. Her life was portrayed by Katherine Hepburn in the film "Lion in Winter."
RIGHT - JANE SUFFOLK BORGATE - it was through her marriage to Sir Hugh Tyrrell that the famous Thornden Hall (right) was brought into the Tyrrell family. This is the very same estate that was used by Charolette Bronte in her famous novel, Jayne Eyre. Today Thorden Hall is the home of one of the most famous music schools in the UK and maybe in all of the world.
WALTER TIREL AND HIS WIFE - Excerpt from "Feudal England" by John Horace Round, 1895
In his detailed examination of all the evidence bearing on the death of William Rufus, the late Mr. Freeman carefully collected the few facts that are known relative to Walter Tirel. They are, however, so few, that he could add nothing to what Lappenberg had set forth (ii. 207) in 1834. He was, however, less confident than his predecessor as to the identity of Walter Tirel with the Essex tenant of that name in Domesday. I hope now to establish the facts beyond dispute, to restore the identity of Walter Tirel, and also to show for the first time who his wife really was.
The three passages we have first to consider are these:
Adelidam filiam Ricardi de sublimi prosapia Gifardorum conjugem habuit; quæ Hugonem de Pice, strenuissimum militem, marito suo peperit (Ord. Vit.).
Laingaham tenet Walterus Tirelde R. quod tenuit Phin dacus pro ii. hidis et dimidia et pro uno manerio (Domesday, ii. 41).
Adeliz uxor Walteri Tirelli reddit compotum de x. marcis argenti de eisdem placitis de La Wingeham (Rot. Pip., 31 Hen. I).
Dealing first with the Domesday entry, which comes, as Mr. Freeman observed, "among the estates of Richard of Clare," I would point out that though Ellis (who misled Mr. Freeman) thought that "Tirelde" was the name, the right reading is "tenet Walterus Tirel de R[icardo]," two words (as is not unusual) being written as one. Turning next to the words of Orderic, we find that Lappenberg renders them as "Adelaide, Tochter des Richard Giffard," and Mr. Freeman
p. 469: The Clares and the Giffards
as "a wife Adelaide by name, of the great line of Giffard." But there is no trace of a Richard Giffard, nor can "Adelida" herself be identified among the Giffards. The explanation of the mystery, I hold, is that she was the daughter, not of a Giffard, but of Richard de Clare, by his wife Rohese, daughter of Walter Giffard the elder. It is noteworthy that Orderic employs a precisely similar expression in the case of another Adeliza, the daughter of Robert de Grentmesnil. He terms her "soror Hugonis de Grentemaisnil de clara stirpe Geroianorum," though she was only descended from the famous Geroy through her mother. Richard's daughter was sufficiently described as "Adelida filia Ricardi," just as her brothers were known as "Gilbertus filius Ricardi," "Rogerus filius Ricardi," etc. The position of that mighty family was such that this description was enough, and they were even known collectively as the "Ricardi," or "Richardenses" (Mon. Ang., iv. 609). This is well illustrated by the passage in the Ely writer, describing Adeliza's brother Richard, Abbot of Ely, as
parentum undique grege vallatus, quorum familiam ex Ricardis et Gifardis constare totat Anglia et novit et sensit. Ricardi enim et Gifardi, duæ scilicet ex propinquo venientes familiæ, virtutis fama et generis copia illustres effecerat.
The above forms are curious, but not without parallel. Thus the descendants of Urse d'Abetot are spoken of as "Ursini" in Heming's Cartulary. Æthelred of Rievaulx speaks of "Poncii" and "Morini" as present at the battle of the Standard; Gerald, in a well-known passage (v. 335), speaks of the "Giraldidæ" and "Stephanidæ," and Orderic, we have seen, of the "Geroiani."
The doubly influential character of this descent is well illustrated in this passage (quantum valeat) from the chronicle of St. John's Abbey, Colchester.
Parcebatur tamen Eudoni, propter genus uxoris ipsius Rohaisæ: erat enim hæ de genere nobilissimo Normannorum, filia scilicet Ricardi, quo fuit filius Gilberti Comitis, duxitque Rohaisam uxorem,
p. 470: Walter Tirel and His Wife
quæ erat soror Willelmi Giffard, Episcopi Wintoniæ. Itaque, cum fratres et propinqui junioris Rohaiesæ quoslibet motus machinaturi putarentur, si contra maritum ipsius aliquid durius decerneretur, sic factum est ut interventu predicti Episcopi," etc., etc.
This passage is, I believe, the sole evidence for the real parentage of Bishop William. It was clearly unknown to Canon Venables, who wrote the Bishop's life for the Dictionary of National Biography.
Like most of these "foundation" histories, this document is in part untrustworthy. But is is Dugdale who has misread it, and not the document itself that is responsible for the grave error (Baronage, i. 110) that Eudo's wife was "Rohese, daughter of Walter Giffard, Earl of Buckingham." Here again, as in the Tirel case, the daughter of a Clare, by a Giffard, is converted into a Giffard. The error arose from referring the "qui" to Eudo instead of to his father-in-law, Richard. The "Historia" is perfectly consistent throughout in its identification of the younger Rohese, of whom it states that "commorata est marito annis triginta duobus, cui ante habiles annos nupta est" (iv. 609).
In asserting under "Clare" (Baronage, i. 208) that Eudo married the widow (not the daughter) of Richard, Dugdale relied on another and more inaccurate document (Mon. Ang., v. 269) which actually does speak of
Rohesia una sororum Walteri [Giffard secundi] -- duas plures enum habuit -- conjuncta in matrimonio Ricard filio Gilberti, qui in re militari, tempore Conquestoris, omnes sui temporis magnates præcessit--
as marrying Eudo Dapifer after her husband's death. But we must decide in favour of the Colchester narrative: Eudo's wife was her daughter and namesake.
We see then that Walter Tirel was son-in-law to Richard de Clare, who had enfeoffed him in "Laingaham" before 1086. Now this "Laingaham" was Langham in Essex, just north of Colchester, which gives us an important clue, Walter's widow "Adeliz" was in possession in 1130 (Rot.
p. 471: Hugh Tirel sells Langham
Pip., Hen. 1.) because, as we have seen, it was probably given her by her father "in maritagio." But her son Hugh held it under Stephen, and Anstis saw among the muniments of the Duchy of Lancaster a mortgage of it by Hugh to Gervase "Justiciar of London." I have not yet identified this "mortgage," but the confirmation of it to Gervase de Cornhill by Earl Gilbert de Clare, as chief lord of the fee, is extant,1 and its first witness is Earl Gilbert of Pembroke, so that it cannot be later than 1148, or earlier than 1138 (or 1139). Moreover in yet another quarter (Lansdown MS. 203, 15 dors.) we find a copy of a charter of this latter Earl Gilbert, belonging to the same occasion which runs as follows:—
Com. Gilb. de Penbroc omnibus hominibus Francis et Anglis sal. Sciatis me concessisse illam convencionem et vendicio nem quam Hugo Tirell fecit Gervasio de Chorhella de manerio suo de Laingham parte mea. Nam Comes de Clara, ex parte sua illud idem concessit, de cuius feodo predictum manerium movet.
Both charters contain the curious "movet" formula, in England so rare that I think I have not met with any other instance. It is, of course, equivalent to the regular French phrase: "sous sa mouvance." This mortgage or sale was probably effected as a preliminary to the crusade of 1147 in which Hugh Tirel is known to have taken part. Now the above Gervase, as I have shown in my Geoffrey de Mandeville was no other than Gervase de Cornhill, and after hisdeath we find Langham duly in the possession of his son Henry de Cornhill. 2 The chain of evidence is thus complete, and the identity of the Tirels and of their Manor placed beyond question.
p. 472: Walter Tirel and his Wife
But returning to the parentage of Walter's wife, we find that it raises a curious question by the family circle to which it introduces us. For we now learn that Gilbert and Roger, sons of Richard de Clare, who were present at Brockenhurst when the King was killed, were brothers-in-law of Walter Tirel, while Richard, another brother-in-law, was promptly selected to be Abbot of Ely by Henry I, who further gave the see of Winchester, as his first act, to William Giffard, another member of the same powerful family circle.3 Moreover, the members of the house of Clare were in constant attendance at Henry's court, and "Eudo Dapifer," whose wife was a Clare, was one of his favourites. I do not say that all this points to some secret conspiracy, to which Henry was privy, but it shows at least that he was on excellent terms with Walter Tirel's relatives.
I have explained in my article on the Clares in the Dictionary of National Biography that there has been much confusion as to the family history. As the errors are very persistent, it may perhaps be of some service, especially for identifying names, if I append a pedigree for the period of the Tirel connexion, which will distinguish the descendnts of Count Gilbert, "illustrious alike in his forefathers and his descendants."
Two charters will illustrate the attendance of the family at court in the early days of Henry I. An interesting charter belonging to Christmas, 1101, is attested by "-Gislebertus filius Ricardi et Robertus filius Baldwini et Ricardus frater ejus," while the attestations to one of 3rd September, 1101, comprise "G[islebertus] filius R[icardi] R[ogerus] (or R[obertus]) frater suus W[alterus] frater suus. . . . R[obertus] (or R[icardus]) filius B[aldwini]
Among the most persistent of errors are those which
p. 473: Pedigree of the Clares
identify Richard "filius Baldwini" with Richard de Redvers (who was of a different family and died long before him), and which make this compound Richard an Earl of Devon.
Planché endeavoured to slay the former of these errors, —which, originating in the Monasticon, is embalmed in Dugdale's Baronage, —as Taylor had previously done in his "Wace," and the Duchess of Cleveland has rightly observed in her Battle Abbey Roll (1889) that "there is not the slightest authority for assuming" the identity. But the necessity for again correcting the error is shown by its reappearance in Mr. Freeman's Exeter (1887) and by the life of Baldwin de Redvers, in the Dictionary of National Biography, by Mr. Hunt, which begins by stating that he was "the eldest son of Richard, Earl of Devon, the son of Baldwin de Moeles," whereas his father was not an Earl, and was not the son of Baldwin de Moeles.
I may also take this opportunity of pointing out that (as is shown in my Geoffrey de Mandeville) Richard fitz Gilbert (d. 1136) was not an earl, the earldom of Herts having been ante-dated like that of Devon.
Dugdale again has omitted, because he failed to identify, another daughter of the house of Clare, who made a most interesting match. This was "Adelidis de Tunbridge," wife of William de Percy, a niece and namesake, I confidently suggest, of Walter Tirel's wife. She seems to have brought into the Percy family the names of Richard and Walter. The charters which establish, I think, her identity are those of Sallay Abbey, in which Maud (widow of William, Earl of Warwick) and her sister Agnes (ancestress of the later Percies) speak of their mother as "Adelidis de Tunbridge" (Mon. Ang., v. 512-3). She can only, therefore, in my opinion, have been a daughter of Gilbert "de Tunbridge"; and with this conclusion the dates harmonize well. Yet another daughter was Margaret, wife of William de Montfichet, who brought into that family the names of Gilbert and Richard.
p. 474: Walter Tirel and his Wife
We have yet to deal with one more member of this historic house, Baldwin fitz Gilbert, or Baldwin de Clare, ancestor, through his daughter and heir, of the family of Wake. I had always suspected that Baldwin fitz Gilbert, the recognised grandfather of Baldwin Wac (1166), could be no other than Baldwin, son of Gilbert de Clare, a well-known man. But Dugdale, under "Wake" (i. 539) positively asserts that the former was "brother to Walter de Gant, father of Gilbert de Gant, the first Earl of Lincoln of that family." This proves, however, on enquiry, to be based on an almost incredible blunder. Dugdale actually relied on a charter,5 which includes Baldwin among the Clares, and which he himself under "Clare" rightly so interprets (Baronage, i. 207b). There is, therefore, no ground for deriving Baldwin from De Gant, or for rejecting his identity with that Baldwin de Clare, who addressed the troops on behalf of Stephen at the battle of Lincoln.6
Having made several additions to the pedigree of De Clare, I have also to make one deduction in Robert fitz Richard's alleged younger son "Simon, to whom he gave the Lordship of Daventry in Northamptonshire" (Baronage, i. 218). This erroneous statement is taken from a monastic genealogy (blundering as usual) in the Daventry Cartulary.7 The documents of that house show at once that Simon was the son of Robert fitz "Vitalis" (a benefactor to the house in 1109), not of Robert fitz Richard, and was not, therefore, a Clare. Nor was he lord of Daventry.
But Dugdale's most unpardonable blunder is his identification of Maud "de St. Liz," wife of William de Albini Brito. He makes her sixty years old in 1186 (p. 113), and
p. 475: Some Errors of Dugdale
yet widow of Robert fitz Richard, wno died in 1134 (p. 218), finally stating that "she died in anno 1140" (Ib.)! Here, as in the case of Eudo Dapifer, William's wife was the daughter, not the widow. In both cases the lady was a Clare. The fact is certain from his own authority, the cartularies of St. Neot's.8 We have a grant from "Rob[ertus] filius Ric[ardi]" at fo. 79b, grants from "Matildis de Sancto Licio (al. 'Senliz') filia Roberti filii Ricardi" on the same fo., and on the preceding one (fo. 79) this conclusive one as to her husband:—
Ego Willelmus de Albineio Brito et Matild' uxor mea dedimus et concessimus ecclesiam de Cratefeld deo et ecclesie Sci. Neoti et monachis Beccensibus pro anima Roberti filii Ricardi et antecessorum meorum.
Then follows their son's confirmation, as "Willelmus de Albeneio filius Matillidis de Seint Liz." Next, "Willelmus de Albeneio filius Matild' de Senliz," gives land, "quam terram Domina Matild' Senliz mater mea eis prius concesserat," — her said grant of land in Cratfield duly following as from "Matild de Senliz filia Roberti filii Ricardi." Further, we have Walter fitz Robert (fitz Richard) confirming this grant by his sister Matildis. Finally, we learn that Cratfield belonged to her in "maritagio." Now (as "Cratafelda") it belonged in Domesday to Ralf Baignard. His honour, on his forfeiture, was given to Robert fitz Richard, who was thus able to give, Cratfield "in maritagio" to his daughter. Here then is independent proof of what her parentage really was, and further independent proof, if needed, is found in this entry (1185):—
Matillis de Sainliz que fuit filia Roberti filli Richardi, et mater Willelmi de Albeneio est de donatione Domini Regis et est lx. annorum (Rot. de Dominabus, p. I).
We thus learn that, as with Avicia "de Rumilly," daughter of William Meschin, it was possible for a woman
p 476: Walter Tirel and his Wife
to bear, strange though it may seem, the maiden name of her mother. Clearly, Maud was the widow of William de Albini, who sent in his carta (under Leicestershire) in 1166, and died, as I reckon, from the Pipe Rolls, in Nov., 1167. She was not, as alleged, the widow of the William who fought at the Battle of Tinchebray in 1106.
Lastly, we come to the parentage of Walter Tirel himself. Mr. Freeman wrote that this was "undoubted," that "Walter was one of a family of ten, seemingly the youngest of eight sons" of Fulc, Dean of Evreux, and that "he became, by whatever means, lord of Poix in Ponthieu and of Achères by the Seine" (W. Rufus, II. 322, 673)·9 But the mystery of his rise is not lessened by the fact that, as Mr. Freeman put it, most accounts "connect him with France rather than with Normandy." Closer investigation suggests that Orderic in no way identifies the Walter Tirel of 1100 with the son of Dean Fulc, and shows indeed that his French editors had specially declared the two to be distinct. In short, Walter had nothing to do with Dean Fulc or with Normandy, but was, as categorically stated, a Frenchman, the third of his name who occurs as Lord of Poix. Père Anselme identifies him with the second (who occurs in 1069), but he is probably identical with the third, who occurs in an agreement with the Count of Amiens, 1087, and who, with his wife "Adelice," founded the Priory of St. Denis de Poix,10 and built the Abbey of St. Pierre de Sélincourt. It was he who was father of Hugh the Crusader. 11
p. 477: The Tirels, Lords of Poix
Here may be mentioned another name by which Walter seems to have been known. I take it from the twelfth century chronicle of Abbot Simon in the "Chartularium Sithiense,"12 which appears to have eluded Mr. Freeman's researches when he made his collection of all the versions of the death of William Rufus:—
Willelmus, prioris Willelmi regis Angliæ filius, eodem anno a Waltero de Bekam, ex improviso, interficitur. Qui, cum rege in saitu venatum iens, dum sagitta cervum appeteret, eadem divinitus retorta rex occiditur. Cujus interitus sancte recordationis viro Hugoni, abbati Cluniacensi est præostensus, etc., etc.
The testimony of a St. Omer writer on the deed of the Lord of Poix is, even if traditionary, worth noting; but I do not profess to explain the "Bekam."13
If we now turn to the French writers, we find that the special work on the family is that of Mr. Cuvillier-Morel-d'Acy, "Archiviste-Généalogiste."14 It savours, however, of Peerage rather than of History, and relies for its expansion of Père Anselme's somewhat jejune narrative15 on private MS. collections instead of original authorities. This work was followed by an elaborate monograph on "Poix et ses Seigneurs" by M. l'Abbé Delgove,16 who accepts the former writer's genealogy without question, though dealing more critically with the charters of foun-
p. 478: Walter Tirel and his Wife
dation for the Priory of St. Denis de Poix. He admits that these charters are not authentic in their present form, but accepts their contents as genuine. Now the endowment of St. Denis, according to them, included two marcs out of the tithes "de Lavingaham en Angleterre." Here, though these writers knew it not, we have again our Essex Langham, the "Lawingeham" of the Pipe Roll. Is this the reason why Walter required the consent of his wife "Adeline" and son Hugh to the grant?
Neither of these writers knew of the English evidence, nor did they solve the mystery of Walter Tirel's wife, whom they, like Lappenberg, imagined to be the daughter of a Richard Giffard. This tends to diminish our trust in the pedigree they give. They took a Walter Tirel to England at the Conquest, but only because Wace mentions the "Pohiers," or men of Poix, and because the name of Tirel is found in the Battle Roll. In their view, Hugh Tirel, Lord of Poix, the crusader of 1147, was grandson of the famous Walter. Now Orderic, whose evidence on the point they ignore, says, as we have seen, he was the son; and as the chronicler was contemporary both with father and son, we cannot think him mistaken. Moreover, the Pipe Roll of 1130 cannot be harmonized with their pedigree. Adeliz, wife (? widow) of Walter Tirel, then answered for Langham, and. could not be "Adeline dame de Ribecourt," who was dead, according to both writers, before 1128 (or 1127), and who could not, in any case, have aught to do with Langham.
But there is other evidence, unknown to these French writers, which proves that the version they give must be utterly wrong. Among the archives at Evreux there is a charter of Hugh Tirel to the Abbey of Bee, granting "decem marcas argenti in manerio quod dicitur Lavigaham" to its daughter-house of Conflans, where, he says, his mother had taken the religious"habit," and retired to die. The Priors of Conflans and [St. Denis of] Poix are among the witnesses; and we read of the charter's date:—
p. 479: Langham and Conflans
Hoc concessum est apud piccium castrum anno M. cxxxviii. ab incarnatione dominica viii. idus martii.
Even if we make this date to be 1139, we here find Hugh in possession of Poix and Langham at that date, whereas the French writers tell us that he only succeeded in 1145, and that his father died in that year.17 The above charter, moreover, points to his mother having survived his father, and died at Conflans as a widow. Until, therefore, evidence is produced in support of the French version, we must reject it in toto.
I close this study with an extract from that interesting charter by which Richard I empowered Henry de Cornhill to enclose and impark his woods at Langham, the same day (6th Dec., 1189) on which he empowered his neighbours the burgesses of Colchester to hunt the fox, the hare and the "cat" within their borders. The words are: --
Sciatis nos dedisse et concessisse Henrico de Cornhell' licentiam includendi boscum suum in Lahingeham et faciendi sibi ibidem parcum, et ut liceat illi habere omnes bestias quos poterit ibi includere.18
Thus did the wealthy Londoner become a country squire seven centuries ago. Nor is it irrelevant to observe that the "Langham Lodge coverts" are familiar to this day to those who hunt with the Essex and Suffolk.
1.1. Duchy of Lancaster: Grants in boxes, A, 157. It is there described as " conventionem et venditionem quam Hugo Tirell' fecit Gervasio de Cornhella de manerio suo de lauhingeham," which implies an actual sale rather than a mortgage. The seal of Earl Gilbert, with the three chevrons on his shield, is, I claim, an earlier instance, by far, of coat-armour on a seal than any hitherto known (see my paper in Arch. Journ., li. 46).
2.Duchy of Lancaster: Royal Charters, No. 42.
3.A metrical epitaph, preserved by Rudborne, claims for him a descent from Charlemagne, :which implies that he, like Walter's wife, was "de sublimi prosapia Gifardorum" (see p. 468 supra).
4.See also Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 329.
5.Old Monasticon, i. 245b; and vide infra, p. 522. A curious sketch of the above scene in a MS. of Henry of Huntingdon (Arundel MS. 148) depicts Baldwin with two of the Clare chevrons on his shield, and a marginal note, almost illegible, duly describes him as grandfather of Baldwin Wac. This sketch is overlooked in the Brit. Mus. catalogue of drawings.
6.See also Rot. Pip. 31 Hen. I, and my Geoffrey de Mandeville.
7.Mon. Ang. v. 178.
8.Cott. MS. Faustina A. iv. See also Addenda.
9.Mr. Freeman rendered Walter Map's "Achaza" by "Achères." But as the Tirels always styled themselves "Sires de Poix et Vicomtes d'Equesnes" it is probable that the latter was meant.
10.His gift was confirmed by Geoffrey, Bishop of Amiens, who died in 1116.
11.The essential reference occurs in the charter of 1069 grantedby Ralf, Count of Amiens, which mentions "Symon filius meus et Gualterus Gualteri Tirelli natus" (Archives depart. de la Somme: Cartulaire de N.D. d'Amiens, No. I, fo. 91). These were the first and second known bearers of the name. The latter occurs in a St. Riquier charter of 1058. Poix was some fifteen miles from Amiens, and its lordship was of considerable importance. A charter of 1030 to Rouen Cathedral is said to contain the name "Galtero Tyrello, domino de Piceio."
12.Cartulaire de l'Abbaye de St. Bertin (Documents Inédits), pp. 267-8.
13.I find entered in the Cartulary of Hesdin (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris) on fo. 29, a notification "quia Walterus Tireel et filius eius Hugo hospitem unum eum omni mansione . . . apud villam Verton concesserunt," and that they have granted freedom from toll "apud Belram . . . coram militibus suis." Could "Bekam" possibly be a misprint for "Belram" [Beaurain] ?
14.Histoire Généalogique et Héraldique de la Maison des Tyrel, Sires, puis Princes de Poix, etc., etc. (2nd Ed.) 1869.
15.Vol. vii., pp. 820 et seq.
16.Mémoires de la Société d'Antiquaires de Picardie (1876), xxv. 287 et sq.
17.M. Abbé Delgove produces (p. 369) a precisely similar case, in which a deed of 1315 proves John Tirel to have been already in possession of Poix, although, according to the family history, he did not die till 1315. This throws doubts, he admits, on M. Cuvillier-Morel-d'Acy's chronology.
18.Duchy of Lancaster, Royal Charter, No. 42. Supra, p. 471.