Swedish & Norweigen Nobility

Tree of Olaf III
Order of Olaf
Anna of Kiev

2. Swedish and Norweigen Nobility - Cross for the Order of Olaf Above

1.. Edmond I, died 907, King of Sweden.

2. Eric VI, born in 880, died in 917, King of Sweden.

3. Biorn IV, born in 900, died in 950, King of Sweden.

4. Eric VII, born in 930, died in 995, King of Sweden, married Sigrid Storraad, daughter of Skoglar Toste.

5. Olaf III, born 965, died in 1022, King of Sweden, reigned from 995 to 1022, married (1) Edla. They had a son Edmond II. of Sweden, born in 994, died in 1056. He married (2) Astrid. They had three children as follows:

1. Magnus I. of Norway, reigned from 1030 to 1047.

2. Ingegerde of Sweden.

3. Anund Jacques of Sweden, born in 1000, died in 1051. He had a daughter Juta or Guta who married Sven II of Denmark in 1054.

6. Ingegerde of Sweden, born in 1000, died in 1051, married in 1019, Iaroslav I, Prince of Kiev, who died in 1054. He was the son of Vladimir I of Kiev and his wife, Rogneda.

7. Anne of Kiev, (to the left) daughter of Yaroslav, the Russian head of state, and granddaughter of Valdimir I of Kiev, in Russia - married in 1051, Henry I. of France.
Henry (Henri) I, King of France from 1031 to 1060, was born about 1008, died in 1060 in Vitry-aux-Loges (Vitry-en-Brie), buried at St. Denis. He was the Duke of Burgundy 1015-1031. He is the least-known of all the Capetian Kings; no one wrote about him in his lifetime, and the destruction of the archives shortly after his time has left a huge blank over this period. All that is known is that his mother, Queen Constance, contested his right to the throne, which she wanted to go to Robert; this resulted in a war between the two brothers, of which little is known. Henry won it by buying the support of his vassals, which cost him French Vexin and the total renunciation of the duchy of Burgundy in favor of his brother, in 1034. Without the benefit of the coronation it is likely that Henry, who appears to have been a mediocre man, would have been brushed aside. But the anointing brought him respect and won time for, concessions. Managing to remain in power is after all a sign of stability, and despite the obscurity of his reign it saw a strengthening of the dynasty. He was crowned co-king with his father in 1026.
They had the following children:

1. Philip (Philippe) I, born in 1052/3, who became Philip I., King of France, 1060-1108. See below.

2. Robert, born in 1054, died in 1064, twin (?) of Hugh Magnus.

2. Hugh Magnus, The Great. See below.

4. Emma (?)

Henry I. died in 1060, having crowned his son, Philip, although he was only a child. Philip was only eight years old at the time of his father's death. One of the young king's uncles, Baldwin, Count of Flanders, became the regent. Anne of Kiev, refused to be regent. Later she was abducted by Raoul of Crepy, lived with him as his wife and married him when his wife died. Widowed a second time, she lost her title as Queen and was henceforth referred to as the Queen Mother. Of Baldwin's regency little is known, although it appears to have been fairly lacking in incident, but Burgundy, over which Robert ruled, took advantage of the situation to assert its independence from the French crown; this was to occur frequently in the course of the various Burgundian dynasties.

4. Hugh Magnus, The Great, Count of Crepi or Vermandois, married Adelheid (Alix) (Alice) Vermandois, daughter of Herbert I., Count of Vermandois, and his wife, who was the sister of Robert I, King of France. They had a daughter, Elizabeth.

5. Isabel (Elizabeth) Vermandois married (1) Robert de Bellomont (Beaumont), made Earl of Leicester and Count of Meullent(Meulent); and (2) William de Warren, Earl of Warren and Earl of Surrey. From the first marriage there were the following children:

1. Robert de Bellomont (Beaumont). See below.

2. Elizabeth Beaumont, mistress of King Henry I. of England. They had a son, Reginald, who married Beatrix, daughter of William Fitz Richard, a potent lord of Cornwall. From this marriage there was a daughter, Matilda Fitz Richard, who married Robert, Count of Meulent, son of Waleran II., Count of Meulent.

6. Robert de Bellomont (Beaumont), 2nd Earl of Leicester, died in 1168. He married Amicia Ware, daughter of Ralph de Ware, Earl of Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridge.

7. Robert de Bellomont (Beaumont), styled "Blanchmains," 3rd Earl of Leicester, died in 1196. He married Petronella Grantmesnil, daughter of Hugh de Grantmesnil, feudal baron of Hinckley and Lord High Steward of England. They had two daughters as follows:

1. Margaret Bellomont, married Saire de Quincy, Surety of the Magna Charta. See continuation of this lineage elsewhere. in Quincy Line.

2. Mabel Bellomont. See below.

8. Mabel Bellomont, married William Muellent, 2nd Earl of Gloucester. They had a daughter, Amicia.

9. Amicia Meullent, died 1224-1225, married Richard de Clare, Surety to the Magna Charta.
1. Richard de Clare, surnamed Strongbow, so celebrated for his conquest of Ireland. He was the 2nd Earl of Clare and the 2nd Earl of Pembroke, a statesman of renown. He "died untimely upon the nones of April, anno 1176." He was buried in the Cathedral Church of Dublin, where his effigy and that of his wife may be seen. He married Eva McMurrough of Leinster, daughter of Dermont McMurrough, King of Leinster, Ireland. Dermont McMurrough sought the aid of Richard de Clare against Roderick, King of Connaught, and in 1270 gave him his daughter Eva in Marriage. She, who died in 1177, was descended from King Oilliol, who died in 526. See elsewhere for this ancestral lineage in Volume I. Strongbow drove Roderick out of Waterford and Dublin, whereupon King Henry II. through jealousy deprived him of all his titles and he kept only Kildare, but was later reinstated in Leinster. He was later made Justice of Ireland, which he had helped to conquer. They had a daughter as follows:

1. Isabel Clare, Countess of Pembroke, born 1172, married in 1189 William Marshal, the Protector, Earl of Pembroke in right of his wife. They had five sons, who all died without issue, and five daughters as follows:

1. William Marshal, d.s.p

2. Richard Marshal, d.s.p.

3. Gilbert Marshal, d.s.p.

4. Walter Marshal, d.s.p

5. Anselme Marshal, d.s.p.

6. Sybil (Sibilla) Marshal, married William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby.

7. Maud Marshal, married Hugh Bigod, the Surety. See the continuation of this lineage in the Bigod Line in Volume II.

8. Isabella Marshal, married Gilbert de Clare, the Surety. See the continuation of this lineage below in this Clare Line.

9. Eve Marshal, married William de Braose. See the continuation of this lineage in the Braose Line in Volume II.

10. Joan Marshal

3. Walter de Clare, founder of the abbey of Tintern, in Wales, d.s.p.

4. Hervey de Clare, famous in the conquest of Ireland, by the name of Hervey de Monte Maruscoe, but died a monk at Canterbury.

5. Baldwin de Clare, left three sons, William, Robert, and Richard, and a daughter, Margaret, who married Montfichet.

6. Adeliza Clare (Tonebruge), married Alberic de Vere.

Gilbert de Tonebruge, who was a munificent benefactor to the church, and dying in 1114 or 1117, was succeeded by his son, Richard.

5. Richard Fitzgilbert de Clare, the eldest son, was born before 1105. He first bore the title of Earl of Hertford. He invaded Wales with an army and became lord of vast possessions there by power of his sword, but requiring other matters of moment from the king, in which he was unsuccessful, he reared the standard of revolt, and soon after was slain in a skirmish with a few Welsh yeomen, near Abergavenny, on April 15, 1136. In 1124 he removed the monks out of his castle at Clare into the church of St. Augustine, at Stoke, and bestowed upon them a little wood, called Stoke-Ho, with a doe every year out of his park at Hunedene. Richard married Alice (Adeliza) Meschines, daughter of Ranulph(Ralph?) de Meschines, 1st Earl of Chester, and sister of Ranulph, 2nd Earl of Chester. They had the following children:

1. Gilbert de Clare, his successor, 2nd Earl of Hertford, who is said by Dugdale to have also borne the title of Earl of Clare, but Hornby observes, that meant only Earl at Clare; for his earldom was certainly at Hertford. In the 8th year of King Stephen, in 1145, he was hostage for his uncle Ranulph, Earl of Chester, and subsequently, being in rebellion against the power of King Stephen, was taken prisoner, and held in captivity, until he surrendered all his strong places. He died in 1151, and having no issue, was succeeded by his brother, Roger.

2. Roger de Clare. See below.

3. Son #3, ______ de Clare.

4. Alice Clare, married Cadwalader-ap-Griffith, Prince of North Wales.

He died in 1139, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Gilbert.

6. Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, born before 1116, is likewise said to have received the title of Earl of Clare. In the 3rd year of Henry II., he obtained from the king all the lands in Wales which he could win, marched into Cardigan with a great army, and fortified divers castles thereabouts. In the 9th year of the same reign, we find him summoned by the celebrated Thomas-a-Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Westminster, in order to do homage to the prelate for his castle of Tonebruge; which at the command of the king he refused, alleging that holding it by military service it belonged rather to the crown than to the church. He married Maud St. Hillary, daughter and heir of James de St. Hillary, of Field Dalling, Norfolk, by whom (who married after his decease William d'Aubigny, Earl of Arundel) he had a son, Richard, his successor. This earl, who, from his munificence to the church, and his numerous acts of piety was called the Good, died in 1173, and was succeeded by his son, Richard.

7. Richard de Clare, the Surety and the 4th Earl of Hertford, but like his father and his uncle was more generally known as the Earl of Clare. He was present at the coronation of King Richard at Westminster on September 3, 1189, and of King John on May 27, 1199. In the 7th year of Richard I., gave 1,000 pounds to the king for livery of the lands of his mother's inheritance, with his proportion of those sometimes belonging to Giffard, Earl of Buckingham. He sided with the barons against King John and his castle of Tunbridge was taken. On November 9, 1215, he was one of the commissioners on the part of the barons to treat peace with the king. On March 4, 1215 or 1216 his lands in cos. Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun; and he and his son were among the barons excommunicated by the Pope in 1215. He married Amicia (Amice) Muellent, Countess of Gloucester, 2nd daughter and co-heiress (with her sisters Mabel, wife of the Earl of Evereux, in Normandy, and Isabel, the divorced wife of King John) of William FitzRobert (Muellent), Earl of Gloucester, and his wife Hawise (Mabel) Beaumont, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Leicester. Amice, a descendant of the Kings of France back to Hugh Capet, died on January 1, 1224 or 1225. They had the following children:

1. Gilbert de Clare, his successor. See below.

2. Joane (Joan) Clare, married Rhys-Gryd, Prince of South Wales, Lord of Ystrad Tyni who died in the year 1234. They had Rhys Mechyll de Dinefur, who became Lord of Lanovery Castle and died in the year 1224. His wife was Mildred Braos and they were parents of Rhys Fychn, who died in 1271.

3. Maud Clare, married (1) Roger de Lacy, Baron Lacy, Lord of the Castles of Halton and Pontefract and they were the parents of John de Lacy, the Surety. Maud married (2) William de Braos who was starved to death with his mother at Windsor Castle. He was the son of William de Braos and Maud St. Walerie, his wife, who had another son, Reginald, great grandfather of Joan Cantilupe, wife of Henry de Hastings. Maud and her husband William de Braos were the parents of John de Braos, surnamedTadody, who had been privately nursed by a Welsh woman, at Gower. This John had grants of lands from King Henry III, and held also the Barony of Brembye, in Sussex, where he died in 1231, by a fall from his horse, his foot remaining in the stirrup. It is stated that he married Margaret, daughter of Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, by whom he had sons: William de Braos and Richard de Braos. William de Braos married (1) Isabel Clare and had a son, William de Braos, who married Aliva Moulton, daughter of Thomas de Moulton, and had Aliva (Alice) Braos, wife of John de Mowbray, great grandson of William de Mowbray the Surety. See continuation of this lineage in the Mowbray Line and Braose Line.

This earl was a Surety, one of the twenty-five barons appointed to enforce the observance of the Magna Charta. He died between October 3, 1217 and November 28, 1217, and was succeeded by his son, Gilbert.

8. Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, born about 1180, who after the decease of Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, the 2nd husband of Isabel, the divorced wife of King John (one of the co-heiresses mentioned above of William, Earl of Gloucester), and in her right Earl of Gloucester, and her own decease, s.p., as also the decease of Almarick d'Evereux, son of the Earl of Evereux, by Mabel, the other co-heiress, who likewise succeeded to the Earldom of Gloucester, became Earl of Gloucester, in the right of his mother, Amica, the other co-heiress. In June 1202 he was entrusted with the lands of Harfleur and Mostrevilliers. This nobleman was among the principal barons who took up arms against King John, and was appointed one of the twenty-five chosen to enforce the observance of the Magna Charta. In the ensuing reign, still opposing the arbitrary proceedings of the crown, and championing Louis le Dauphin, he fought on the side of the barons at Lincoln, and was taken prisoner there by William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke; but he soon afterwards made his peace. He led an army against the Welsh in 1228 and captured Morgan Gam, who was released the next year. Being engaged in an expedition to Brittany, he died on his way back at Penros in that duchy, October 25, 1230. His body was conveyed by way of Plymouth and Cranbourn to Tewkesbury. He was buried before the high altar, November 10, 1230. He married, on October 9, 1217, Isabel Marshal, one of the daughters and eventually co-heiresses of the same William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, (who married after his decease, Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry III.). She was sister of William Marshal, the Surety. She died January 17, 1239/40. They had the following children:

1. Richard de Clare, his successor. See below.

2. William de Clare, whose daughter Elizabeth Clare married Ralph de Rockley.

3. Gilbert de Clare

4. Amicia Clare, married Baldwin de Redvers, 4th Earl of Devon.

5. Agnes Clare, married Roger de Mowbray, grandson of the Surety William de Mowbray.

6. Isabel Clare, born November 2, 1226, and living July 10, 1264. In May 1240 married Robert Bruce V., son and heir of Robert(William?) Bruce, Lord of Annadale and his wife Isabel, 2nd daughter of David, Earl of Huntingdon. This lineage descends to King Robert Bruce, born July 11, 1274, crowned King of Scotland on March 25, 1306.

Earl Gilbert de Clare died in 1229, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Richard.

9. Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, and 2nd Earl of Gloucester, was in minority at the time of his father's death. The wardship of this young nobleman was granted to the famous Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, Justiciary of England, whose daughter, Margaret, to the great displeasure of King Henry III., he afterwards (1243) clandestinely married, but from whom he was probably divorced. She died in November, 1237. We find the king marrying him the next year, on or before January 25, 1237/8 to Maud Lacy, daughter of the Surety John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, in consideration whereof the said John paid to the crown 5,000 marks, and remitted a debt of 2,000 more. His lordship, who appears to have been a very distinguished personage in the reign of King Henry III., was one of the chief nobles present in Westminster Hall (40th year of Henry III.), when Boniface, Archbishop of Canterbury, with divers other prelates, pronounced that solemn curse, with candles lighted, against all those who should thenceforth violate the Magna Charta. In two years afterwards an attempt was made by Walter de Scotenay, his steward and chief counselor, to poison the earl and his brother William, which proved effective as to the latter, while his lordship narrowly escaped with the loss of his hair and nails. In the next year the earl was commissioned with others of the nobility, by the appointment of the king, and the whole baronage of England, to the parliament of France, to convey King Henry III.'s resignation of Normandy, and to adjust all differences between the two crowns; and upon the return of the mission, his lordship reported proceeding to the king, in parliament. About this period he had license to fortify the Isle of Portland, and to embattle it as a fortress. It is reported of this nobleman, that being at Tewkesbury, in the 45th year of Henry III., a Jew, who had fallen into a jakes upon the Saturday, refusing to be pulled out in reverence to the Jewish sabbath, his lordship prohibited any help to be afforded him on the next day, Sunday, the Christian sabbath, and thus suffered the unfortunate Israelite to perish. He died himself in July 15, 1262, having been poisoned at the table of Peter (Piers) de Savoy, the queen's uncle, along with Baldwin, Earl of Devon, and other persons of note. He and his wife, Maude, had the following children:

1. Gilbert de Clare, his successor as eldest son (See Wurts: pp. 68-70), born September 2, 1243, in Christchurch, co. Hants. He was known as "the Red Earl," 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, and 6th Earl of Gloucester, by the king's procurement. Being under age at his father's death, he was a ward of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford. He married in 1257, (1) Alice le Brun, daughter of Hugh le Brun, Count of La Marche and Angoulesme, and his wife, Yolande, daughter of Pierre Mauclerk. Alice was the niece of the king of France, which monarch bestowed upon the lady a marriage portion of 5,000 marks. In April 1264 he led the massacre of the Jews at Canterbury, as Simon de Montfort had done in London. His castles of Kingston and Tonbridge were taken by the king, who, however, allowed his Countess, who was in the latter, to go free because she was his niece; and on May 12 he and Montfort were denounced as traitors. Two days later, just before the battle of Lewes, on May 14, Montfort knighted the Earl and his brother Thomas. The Earl commanded the second line of the battle and took the King prisoner, having hamstrung his horse. As Prince Edward had also been captured, Montfort and the Earl were now supreme. On October 20 following, however, the Earl and his associates were excommunicated by the Papal Legate and his lands were placed under interdict.

Continue with pg. 69 in Wurts.

Gilbert, who, like his predecessors, was zealous in the cause of the barons, proceeded to London immediately after the defeat sustained by the insurrectionary lords at Northampton in the 48th year of King Henry III., in order to rouse the citizens, which, having effected, he received the honor of knighthood, from Montfort, Earl of Leicester, at the head of the army at Lewes; of which army, he, with John Fitz-John and William de Montchensi, commanded the second brigade, and having mainly contributed to the victory, in which the king and the prince became prisoners, while the whole power of the realm fell into the hands of the victors, the earl procured a grant under the great seal of all the lands and possessions, lying in England, of John de Warren, Earl of Surrey, one of the most faithful adherents of the king, excepting the castles of Riegate and Lewes, to hold during the pleasure of the crown, and he soon after, with some of the principal barons, extorted from the captive monarch commission authorizing Stephen, then bishop of Chichester, Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, and himself, to nominate nine persons of "the most faithful, prudent, and most studious of the public weal," as well prelates as others, to manage all things according to the laws and customs of the realm, until the consultations at Lewes should terminate. Becoming jealous, however, of the power of Leicester, the earl soon after abandoned the baronial cause, and having assisted in procuring the liberty of the king and the prince, commanded the second brigade of the royal army at the battle of Evesham, which restored the kingly power to its former lustre. In reward of these eminent services he received a full pardon for himself and his brother Thomas, of all prior treasons, and the custody of the castle of Bergavenny, during the minority of Maud, wife of Humphrey de Bohun. He veered again though in his allegiance, and he does not appear to have been sincerely reconciled to the royal cause, until 1270, in which year demanding from Prince Edward repayment of the expenses he had incurred at the battle of Evesham, with livery of all the castles and lands which his ancestors had possessed, and those demands having been complied with, he thenceforward became a good and loyal subject of the crown. Upon the death of King Henry, the Earl of Hertford and Gloucester was one of the lords who met at the New Temple in London, to proclaim Prince Edward, then in the Holy Land, successor to the crown, and so soon as the new monarch returned to England, he was the first to entertain him and his whole retinue, with great magnificence for several days at his castle of Tonebruge. In the 13th year of King Edward I., he divorced his wife Alice le Brun, the French Princess, and in consideration of her illustrious birth, granted for her support during her life, six extensive manors and parks, and he married in 1289, (2) Joane Plantaganet, of Acre, daughter of King Edward I., upon which occasion he gave up the inheritance of all his castles and manors, as well in England as in Wales, to his royal father-in-law, to dispose of as he might think proper; which manors, etc. were entailed by the king upon the earl's issue, by the said Joane, and in default, upon her heirs and assigns, should she survive his lordship. By this lady he had issue as follows:

1. Gilbert de Clare, his successor, at the decease of his mother, Joane, became Earl of Hertford and Earl of Gloucester. He married Maud Burgh, daughter of Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, but was slain at the battle of Bannockburn in 1313, leaving no issue, whereupon his large possessions devolved upon his three sisters as co-heiresses, and the Earldom of Gloucester and Hertford became extinct.

2. Eleanor Clare, married in 1337, (1) Hugh Despencer, Jr, and (2) William Zouche, Lord Zouche, of Mortimer. Hugh Despencer, Junior, was born in 1262, died in 1326. Earl of Winchester, he bore the same christian name as his father (d. 1265) and his son (d. 1326). In the 22nd year of the reign of King Edward I., he was made Governor of Oldham castle, co. Southampton, and the same year had summons to attend the king in Portsmouth, prepared with horse and arms for an expedition into Gascony. In two years afterwards he was at the battle of Dunbar, in Scotland, where the English arms triumphed; and the next year he was one of the commissioners accredited to treat of peace between the English monarch and kings of the Romans and of France. In the 26th and 28th years of Edward I. he was again engaged in the wars of Scotland, and was sent by his sovereign, with the Earl of Lincoln, to the papal court, to complain of the Scots, and to entreat that his holiness would no longer favor them, as they had abused his confidence by falsehoods. To the very close of King Edward I.'s reign his lordship seems to have enjoyed the favor of that great prince, and had summons to parliament from him from June 23, 1295, to March 14, 1322; but it was after the accession of Edward's unhappy son, the second of that name, that the Spencers attained that extraordinary eminence, from which, with their feeble-minded master, they were eventually hurled into the gulf of irretrievable ruin. In the first years of Edward II.'s reign, we find the father and son still engaged in the Scottish wars. In the 14th year the king, hearing of great animosities between the younger Spencer and Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, and learning that they were collecting their followers in order to come to open combat, interfered, and strictly commanded Lord Hereford to forbear. About the same time, a dispute arising bestrewn the Earl of Hereford and John de Mowbray regarding some lands in Wales, young Spencer seized possession of the estate, and kept it from both the litigants. This conduct, and similar proceedings on the part of the elder Spencer, exciting the indignation of the barons, they formed a league against the favorites, and placing the king's cousin, Thomas Plantaganet, Earl of Lancaster, at their head, marched, with banners flying, from Sherbourne to St. Alban's, whence they dispatched the Bishops of Salisbury, Hereford, and Chichester, to the king with a demand that the Spencers should be banished; to which mission the king, however, giving an imperious reply in the negative, the irritated nobles continued their route to London; when Edward, at the instance of the queen, acquiesced; whereupon the barons summoned a parliament, in which the Spencers were banished from England; and the sentence was proclaimed in Westminster Hall. To this decision, Hugh the elder submitted and retired; but Hugh the younger lurked in divers places; sometimes on land, and sometimes at sea, and was fortunate enough to capture, during his exile, two vessels near Sandwich, laden with merchandise to the value of 40,000 pounds; after which, being recalled by the king, an army was raised, which encountered and defeated the baronial forces at Boroughbridge, in Yorkshire. In this action, wherein numbers were slain, the Earl of Pontefract, and there, after a summary trial (the elder Spencer being one of his judges), beheaded. The Spencers now became more powerful than ever, and the elder was immediately created Earl of Winchester, the king loading him with grants of forfeited estates. He was about the same time constituted warden of the king's forests on the south of Trent, the lands forfeited after the battle of Boroughbridge; but not satisfied with those, and they were incredibly numerous, he extorted by force whatsoever else he pleased. Amongst other acts of unlawful oppression, it is related that he seized upon the person of Elizabeth Comyn, a great heiress, the wife of Richard Talbot, in her house at Kennington, in Surrey, and detained her for twelve months in prison, until he compelled her to assign to him the manor of Painswike, in Gloucestershire, and the castle and manor of Goderich, in the marches of Wales; but this ill-obtained and ill-exercised power was not formed for permanent endurance, and a brief space only was necessary to bring it to termination. The queen and the young prince, who had fled to France, and had been proclaimed traitors through the influence of the Spencers, ascertaining the feelings of the people, ventured to return; and landed at Harwick, with the noblemen and persons of eminence who had been exiled after the defeat at Boroughbridge, raised the royal standard, and soon found themselves at the head of a considerable force; when, marching upon Bristol, where the king and his favorites then were, they were received in that city with acclimation, and the elder Spencer being seized (although in his 90th year), was brought in chains before the prince and the barons, and received judgment of death, which was accordingly executed, by hanging the culprit upon the gallows in the sight of the king and of his son, upon St. Dennis's day, in October, 1326. It is said by some writers that the body was hung up with two strong cords for four days, and then cut to pieces, and given to the dogs. Young Spencer, with the king, effected his escape; but they were both, soon afterwards, taken and delivered to the queen, when the unfortunate monarch was consigned to Berkeley Castle, where he was basely murdered in 1327. Hugh Spencer the Younger, it appears, was impeached before parliament, and received sentences "to be drawn upon a hurdle, with trumps and trumpets, throughout all the city of Hereford," and there to be hanged and quartered, which sentence was executed on a gallows 50 feet high, upon St. Andrew's eve, in the year 1326 (20th year of Edward II.) Thus terminated the career of two of the most celebrated royal favorites in the annals of England. The younger Hugh was a peer of the realm, as well as his father, having been summoned to parliament as a baron, from July 29, 1314, to October 10, 1325; but the two Baronies of Spencer, and the Earldom of Winchester, expired under the attainders of the father and son. Hugh the younger married Eleanor (Eleanora) Clare, daughter and co-heir of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, and his wife, Joane Plantaganet, who later married William Zouche, Hugh and Eleanor had the following children:

1. Hugh Despencer, the successor, married Elizabeth Badlesmere, widow of Giles de Badlesmere, but d.s.p. in 1349, when the barony expired, but his lands devolved upon his nephew, Edward.

2. Edward Despencer, married Anne Ferrers, sister of Henry, Lord Ferrers, of Groby, and dying in 1342, left an only son, Edward. He succeeded his uncle, Hugh. He married Elizabeth Burghersh, daughter and heiress of Bartholomew de Burghersh, Baron Burghersh, and had issue:

1. Thomas Despencer, married Constance Plantaganet, daughter of Edmund Plantaganet, surnamed De Langley, Duke of York, 5th son of King Edward III.

2. Hugh Despencer, died in 1424.

3. Cicely Despencer, who died young.

4. Elizabeth Despencer, married (1) John Fitz Alan, of Arundel, and (2) Hugh Zouch, Lord Zouch.

5. Anne Despencer, married Hugh Hastings, and afterwards to Thomas Morley, Lord Morley.

6. Margaret Despencer, married Robert Ferrers, Lord Ferrers of Chartley.

3. Gilbert Despencer, of Melton Mowbray.

4. Philip Despencer, married Margaret Gousell, and died in 1313.

5. Elizabeth Despencer, married Maurice de Berkeley. See the continuation of this lineage in the Berkeley Line in Volume II.

6. Isabel Despencer was the 1st wife of Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel, who later married (2) Eleanor Plantaganet.
Descendants of Isabel Despencer

1 Isabel Despencer
... +Richard Fitzalan-10th Earl of Arundel 1313 - 1375
2 [1] Phillippa Fitzalan 1349 -
..... +[2] Richard Serjeaux
3 [3] Elizabeth Serjeaux
...... +[4] William Marney
. 4 [5] John Marney
....... +[6] Alice Throckmorton
.. 5 [7] Anna Marney 1410 -
........ +[8] Thomas Tyrrell
... 6 [9] Thomas Tyrrell II (Sir) 1430 - 1490
......... +[10] Elizabeth Le Brun 1430 - 1473
.... 7 [11] William Tyrrell (Sir) 1465 -
.......... +[12] Elizabeth Bodley
..... 8 [13] Humphry Tyrrell 1490 - 1547/48
........... +[14] Jane Ingleton 1498 -
....... 9 [15] George Tyrrell 1530 - 1571
............. +[16] Eleanor Elizabeth Montague 1530 -
........ 10 [17] William Tyrrell 1552 - 1595
.............. +[18] Margaret Richmond 1555 -
......... 11 [19] Robert Tyrrell 1600 - 1643
............... +[20] Jane Baldwin 1590 - 1661
.......... 12 [21] Richmond Terrell 1624 - 1677
................ +[22] Elizabeth Waters
........... 13 [23] Timothy Tyrrell 1665 -
................. +[24] Elizabeth Foster 1665 -
............ 14 [25] Joseph Terrell 1699 - 1775
.................. +[26] Mary
............. 15 [27] Joseph Terrell, Jr. 1744/45 - 1787
................... +[28] Elizabeth Mills 1744/45 - 1833
............... 16 [29] David Terrell 1782 - 1819
..................... +[30] Mary Henley Thompson - 1871
................ 17 [31] Joseph Carr Terrell 1807 - 1864
...................... +[32] Ann Terrell 1790 -
................. 18 [33] Charles Thomas Terrell 1852 - 1923
....................... +[34] Frances Pierce McGeHee 1852 - 1929
.................. 19 [35] Early Thomas Terrell 1882 - 1967
........................ +[36] Ophelia Louise Harris 1884 - 1968
................... 20 [37] James Emmett Terrell 1911 - 1967
......................... +[38] Nannie Belle Clendenin 1910 - 1972
.................... 21 [39] Nancy Terrell 1940 -
.......................... +[40] M.F. "Bud" Longnecker (Dr.) 1936 -

32. NANCY CLENDENIN TERRELL–
b. Jan. 12, 1940 in Richmond, Virginia
m. Morton Franklin Longnecker, Jr. on Aug. 27, 1960
son - Gregory Stuart Longnecker
Gregory has four children. They are
1. Lauren Elizabeth Longnecker b. June 30, 1988 - Lauren is now a senior in high school, is an honor student and a record setting swimmer. She will major in Political Science when attending college
2. Christian Terrell Longnecker b. August 22, 1996 - Christian is quite a "water rat" and is already helping his father in his parasail business in Honolulu.
3. Hannah Marie Longnecker - b. Aug. 15, 1997
Hannah loves school and is an excellent student
4. Luke Longnecker - b. March 22, 2005 - is a truly sweet babie - with a smile that will melt your heart
son - Michael Emmett Longnecker - Mike has one son
1. Taylor Hilty Longnecker - b. July 10, 1989-
Taylor is extremely talented in both music and art. You can see his art elsewhere on this site.

..................... 22 [41] Michael Emmett Longnecker 1964 -
........................... +[42] Tina Wendy Hilty 1961 -
....................... 23 [43] Taylor Hilty Longnecker 1989 -
..................... 22 [44] Gregory Stuart Longnecker 1966 -
........................... +[45] Helen Hernandez 1965 -
....................... 23 [46] Lauren Longnecker 1988 -
..................... *2nd Wife of [44] Gregory Stuart Longnecker:
........................... +[47] Stacy Marie Weinkel 1977 -
....................... 23 [48] Christian Terrell Longnecker 1997 -
....................... 23 [49] Hannah Marie Longnecker 1998 -
.................... 21 [50] James Emmett Terrell, Jr. 1944 -
................... 20 [51] Earley Thomas Terrell, Jr. 1907 - 1955
......................... +[52] Eugenia Jackson Beazley
.................... 21 [53] Betty Jeanne Terrell 1931 -
.......................... +[54] Beverly Monroe Wilkerson
..................... 22 [55] Kenneth Earley Wilkerson 1952 -
........................... +[56] C. J. Dowling
....................... 23 [57] Megan Lynn Wilkerson
..................... 22 [58] Beverly Anne Wilkerson 1954 -
..................... 22 [59] Sheryl Mae Wilkerson 1958 -
........................... +[60] Gary W. McNeeley
....................... 23 [61] Thomas Randolph McNeeley 1959 -
..................... 22 [62] Thomas Randolph Wilkerson 1959 -
.................... 21 [63] Anne Jackson Terrell 1934 -
.......................... +[64] Richard Everett Kirkpatrick 1931 -
..................... 22 [65] David Lee Kirkpatrick 1954 -
........................... +[66] Penny Monroe
....................... 23 [67] David Lee Kirkpatrick II
..................... 22 [68] Gayle Renee Kirkpatrick 1956 -
..................... 22 [69] Michael Earley Kirkpatrick 1958 -
..................... 22 [70] Douglas Bryan Kirkpatrick 1959 -
.................... 21 [71] Mary Lou Terrell Terrell 1939 -
.......................... +[72] Bobby Turner 1940 -
..................... 22 [73] Terrell Anne Turner 1960 -
..................... 22 [74] Faith Lynn Turner 1963 -
................... 20 [75] Frances NelsonTerrell 1915 - 1972
......................... +[76] Henry Drewry Kerr 1914 -
.................... 21 [77] Henry Drewry Kerr III 1941 -
.......................... +[78] Cheryle Strong 1944 -
..................... 22 [79] Michelle Lynne Kerr 1968 -
..................... 22 [80] Stephen Phillip Kerr 1972 -
.................... 21 [81] Martha Robbins Kerr 1947 -
.......................... +[82] Clifford Allen Randolph
................... 20 [83] Martha Louise Terrell 1920 -
......................... +[84] Nathan Lenoir Riddle 1923 -
.................... 21 [85] Michael Lenoir Riddle 1954 -
.......................... +[86] Andrea Jean Berry 1952 -
..................... 22 [87] Mark Andrew Riddle 1977 -
..................... 22 [88] Brian Christopher Riddle 1978 -
.................... 21 [89] Alan Terrell Riddle 1957 -
.......................... +[90] Denise Elaine Edgeman
..................... 22 [91] James Tobias Wheeler 1978 -
..................... 22 [92] Terrell Edgeman Riddle 1984 -
.................... *2nd Wife of [89] Alan Terrell Riddle:
.......................... +[93] Nancy Jean Jenks
.................. 19 [94] Emmett Hermann Terrell 1878 -
........................ +[95] Daisy Ellett
................... 20 [96] Virginia Terrell
................... 20 [97] Margaret Terrell
.................. 19 [98] Hervey Rosser Terrell 1880 -
........................ +[99] Lucy Vaughn 1880 -
................... 20 [100] Robert Terrell
......................... +[101] Millie
.................... 21 [102] Jane Terrell
.................... 21 [103] Susan Terrell
.................... 21 [104] Martha Terrell
.................. 19 [105] Joseph Stuart Terrell 1886 - 1950
........................ +[106] Roberta Y. Winfrey 1882 - 1965
................... 20 [107] Joseph Stuart Terrell, Jr. l 1917 - 1980
......................... +[108] Katherine Hunt Galusha 1917 -
.................... 21 [109] Katherine Winfrey Terrell 1948 -
.......................... +[110] Charles Brenton (Dr.)
..................... 22 [111] Joseph Daniel Brenton
................... 20 [112] William Winfrey Layne Terrell 1919 -
......................... +[113] Lillian May Shelton 1922 -
.................... 21 [114] Mary Louise Terrell 1956 -
.................... 21 [115] W. W. L. Terrell 1959 -
.................... 21 [116] Martha Irene Terrell 1964 -
................... 20 [117] Hervey Rossner Terrell 1920 - 1964
......................... +[118] Lillian D. Sibold 1923 -
.................... 21 [119] HR. Terrell, Jr 1948 -
.......................... +[120] Eleanor Hudson
..................... 22 [121] Shaun R. Terrell
..................... 22 [122] Margaret Ann Terrell
.................... 21 [123] Margaret Ann Terrell 1951 -
.................... 21 [124] Jean Stuart Terrell 1957 -
................... 20 [125] Roberta Frances Terrell 1925 -
......................... +[126] John Parker Jarvis, Jr.
.................... 21 [127] Alice Roberta Jarvis 1948 -
.......................... +[128] Leslie F. Howell, Jr. 1946 -
.................... 21 [129] John Stuart Jarvis 1954 -
.................... 21 [130] David Terrell Jarvis 1959 -
*2nd Husband of Isabel Despencer:
... +Richard Fitzalan
2 [1] Phillippa Fitzalan 1349 -
..... +[2] Richard Serjeaux
3 [3] Elizabeth Serjeaux
...... +[4] William Marney
. 4 [5] John Marney
....... +[6] Alice Throckmorton
.. 5 [7] Anna Marney 1410 -
........ +[8] Thomas Tyrrell
... 6 [9] Thomas Tyrrell II (Sir) 1430 - 1490
......... +[10] Elizabeth Le Brun 1430 - 1473
.... 7 [11] William Tyrrell (Sir) 1465 -
.......... +[12] Elizabeth Bodley
..... 8 [13] Humphry Tyrrell 1490 - 1547/48
........... +[14] Jane Ingleton 1498 -
....... 9 [15] George Tyrrell 1530 - 1571
............. +[16] Eleanor Elizabeth Montague 1530 -
........ 10 [17] William Tyrrell 1552 - 1595
.............. +[18] Margaret Richmond 1555 -
......... 11 [19] Robert Tyrrell 1600 - 1643
............... +[20] Jane Baldwin 1590 - 1661
.......... 12 [21] Richmond Terrell 1624 - 1677
................ +[22] Elizabeth Waters
........... 13 [23] Timothy Tyrrell 1665 -
................. +[24] Elizabeth Foster 1665 -
............ 14 [25] Joseph Terrell 1699 - 1775
.................. +[26] Mary
............. 15 [27] Joseph Terrell, Jr. 1744/45 - 1787
................... +[28] Elizabeth Mills 1744/45 - 1833
............... 16 [29] David Terrell 1782 - 1819
..................... +[30] Mary Henley Thompson - 1871
................17 [31] Joseph Carr Terrell 1807 - 1864
...................... +[32] Ann Terrell 1790 -
...............18 [33] Charles Thomas Terrell 1852 - 1923
.............+[34] Frances Pierce McGeHee 1852 - 1929
..............19 [35] Early Thomas Terrell 1882 - 1967
...................+[36] Ophelia Louise Harris 1884 - 1968
.................20[37] James Emmett Terrell 1911 - 1967
..................+[38] Nannie Belle Clendenin 1910 - 1972
.................... 21 [39] Nancy Terrell 1940 -
.....................+[40] M.F. "Bud" Longnecker (Dr.) 1936 -
.............. 22 [41] Michael Emmett Longnecker 1964 -
........................+[42] Tina Wendy Hilty 1961 -
....................23 [43] Taylor Hilty Longnecker 1989 -
............. 22 [44] Gregory Stuart Longnecker 1966 -
....................+[45] Helen Hernandez 1965 -
....................23 [46] Lauren Longnecker 1988 -
..........*2nd Wife of [44] Gregory Stuart Longnecker:
..................+[47] Stacy Marie Weinkel 1977 -
...............23 [48] Christian Terrell Longnecker 1997 -
................23 [49] Hannah Marie Longnecker 1998 -
..........21 [50] James Emmett Terrell, Jr. 1944 - 1989
................... 20 [51] Earley Thomas Terrell, Jr. 1907 - 1955
......................... +[52] Eugenia Jackson Beazley
.................... 21 [53] Betty Jeanne Terrell 1931 -
.......................... +[54] Beverly Monroe Wilkerson
..................... 22 [55] Kenneth Earley Wilkerson 1952 -
........................... +[56] C. J. Dowling
....................... 23 [57] Megan Lynn Wilkerson
..................... 22 [58] Beverly Anne Wilkerson 1954 -
..................... 22 [59] Sheryl Mae Wilkerson 1958 -
........................... +[60] Gary W. McNeeley
....................... 23 [61] Thomas Randolph McNeeley 1959 -
..................... 22 [62] Thomas Randolph Wilkerson 1959 -
.................... 21 [63] Anne Jackson Terrell 1934 -
.......................... +[64] Richard Everett Kirkpatrick 1931 -
..................... 22 [65] David Lee Kirkpatrick 1954 -
........................... +[66] Penny Monroe
....................... 23 [67] David Lee Kirkpatrick II
..................... 22 [68] Gayle Renee Kirkpatrick 1956 -
..................... 22 [69] Michael Earley Kirkpatrick 1958 -
..................... 22 [70] Douglas Bryan Kirkpatrick 1959 -
.................... 21 [71] Mary Lou Terrell Terrell 1939 -
.......................... +[72] Bobby Turner 1940 -
..................... 22 [73] Terrell Anne Turner 1960 -
..................... 22 [74] Faith Lynn Turner 1963 -
................... 20 [75] Frances NelsonTerrell 1915 - 1972
......................... +[76] Henry Drewry Kerr 1914 -
.................... 21 [77] Henry Drewry Kerr III 1941 -
.......................... +[78] Cheryle Strong 1944 -
..................... 22 [79] Michelle Lynne Kerr 1968 -
..................... 22 [80] Stephen Phillip Kerr 1972 -
.................... 21 [81] Martha Robbins Kerr 1947 -
.......................... +[82] Clifford Allen Randolph
................... 20 [83] Martha Louise Terrell 1920 -
......................... +[84] Nathan Lenoir Riddle 1923 -
.................... 21 [85] Michael Lenoir Riddle 1954 -
.......................... +[86] Andrea Jean Berry 1952 -
..................... 22 [87] Mark Andrew Riddle 1977 -
..................... 22 [88] Brian Christopher Riddle 1978 -
.................... 21 [89] Alan Terrell Riddle 1957 -
.......................... +[90] Denise Elaine Edgeman
..................... 22 [91] James Tobias Wheeler 1978 -
..................... 22 [92] Terrell Edgeman Riddle 1984 -
.................... *2nd Wife of [89] Alan Terrell Riddle:
.......................... +[93] Nancy Jean Jenks
.................. 19 [94] Emmett Hermann Terrell 1878 -
........................ +[95] Daisy Ellett
................... 20 [96] Virginia Terrell
................... 20 [97] Margaret Terrell
.................. 19 [98] Hervey Rosser Terrell 1880 -
........................ +[99] Lucy Vaughn 1880 -
................... 20 [100] Robert Terrell
......................... +[101] Millie
.................... 21 [102] Jane Terrell
.................... 21 [103] Susan Terrell
.................... 21 [104] Martha Terrell
.................. 19 [105] Joseph Stuart Terrell 1886 - 1950
........................ +[106] Roberta Y. Winfrey 1882 - 1965
................... 20 [107] Joseph Stuart Terrell, Jr. l 1917 - 1980
......................... +[108] Katherine Hunt Galusha 1917 -
.................... 21 [109] Katherine Winfrey Terrell 1948 -
.......................... +[110] Charles Brenton (Dr.)
..................... 22 [111] Joseph Daniel Brenton
................... 20 [112] William Winfrey Layne Terrell 1919 -
......................... +[113] Lillian May Shelton 1922 -
.................... 21 [114] Mary Louise Terrell 1956 -
.................... 21 [115] W. W. L. Terrell 1959 -
.................... 21 [116] Martha Irene Terrell 1964 -
................... 20 [117] Hervey Rossner Terrell 1920 - 1964
......................... +[118] Lillian D. Sibold 1923 -
.................... 21 [119] HR. Terrell, Jr 1948 -
.......................... +[120] Eleanor Hudson
..................... 22 [121] Shaun R. Terrell
..................... 22 [122] Margaret Ann Terrell
.................... 21 [123] Margaret Ann Terrell 1951 -
.................... 21 [124] Jean Stuart Terrell 1957 -
................... 20 [125] Roberta Frances Terrell 1925 -
......................... +[126] John Parker Jarvis, Jr.
.................... 21 [127] Alice Roberta Jarvis 1948 -
.......................... +[128] Leslie F. Howell, Jr. 1946 -
.................... 21 [129] John Stuart Jarvis 1954 -
.................... 21 [130] David Terrell Jarvis 1959 -

Olaf III

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