THE PTOLEMIES- from Alexander the Great

Ptolemy Family Tree
ptolomy I
Ptolemy Kingdom

From the book EGYPT AND IMMORTALITY, JOURNEY TO SOURCE

 THE KINGS CHAMBER, MOTHER TEMPLE
  The Kings Chamber is in the pyramid of Cheops at the Giza Plateau, Cairo, Egypt. The energy in the Kings Chamber is beyond words, but what it does is unify your molecular structure and allow you to be who you are. When you have awakened this memory of your Being enough you will no longer need to connect to Source and the Earth in your meditations, alignments, day as you are that energy. You will no longer need protection, healing or guidance from without, as you are that within you. In other words you are a Whole Being. In the Sarcophagus is the initiation beyond death and birth and into Immortality not just of Soul but body as well. As the serpent, kundalini, DNA is activated within your charkas, up your central channel and through your cells, DNA and molecular structure. For separate activation in Sarcophagus. Of course do not assume you have achieved any of this, you will know deep within yourself when you have and your life will show it, as the full initiation is how you are in your life, not your head. In the Kings Chamber there is a star alignment to Orion, which is the old initiation in duality, the wheel of karma and birth and death. When you have unified yourself enough you no longer deal with karma as now you take responsibility for yourself. The star constellation opposite Orion is Ophiuchus the Serpent Bearer, the kundalini risen; the Body of Light the Physically Immortality Being. This is where we are now heading which is also the creation of the Fifth Root Race and the new initiation. The God in the painting is Osiris - Orion, the Goddess is Isis - Sirius, in the Kings Chamber Orion is aligned with Sirius as it enters into the chamber and merges where Osiris sits, at his phallus. The sacred union of Goddess and God creates the divine child Horus, the Sun God and Serpent Bearer. The serpent moves through the Sun, and the Sun in our Solar System now has is it's Twin returned as they merge to create the New Earth, Heaven on Earth.

  THE QUEENS CHAMBER, FATHER TEMPLE
  There is a Void within you, the total stillness and peace where all is manifest. In the Kings Chamber you go in to know yourself and move beyond the wheel of death and birth, to be unified. In the Queens Chamber you go into the Void and stillness where all is manifest...So when you are awakening your remembrance through the Kings Chamber and expressing your Light from within then you can go into the Queens Chamber and the stillness to ALLOW. As now your life will take a new path into wholeness, joy and peace. At the beginning of your new path there maybe confusion, or lack of clarity about where to go now. There is no going anywhere but into the Peace and stillness, through that all will come to you as your true self already knows what, who and where you are and what your souls desire and expression is. Your consciousness mind may not but if you go into the peace then it will be able to come to you, as now you are not resisting, fearful, anxious or trying to make it happen. In the Void, the silence all is manifest.

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 FOR MORE INFORMATION ON the Light Body, 20 Chakras, DNA activation, Kundalini and Physical Immortality please see my book "LIGHT BODY AWAKENING".
 For more on unifying yourself, taking on energies and other duality dysfunctions please see my book "GATEWAYS OF UNITY, INNER AND NATURAL HEALING".
For more on the Second Sun, New Earth, Ra Light, Liquid Light Transmission of DNA, being the Creator Goddess/God you are and Holograms please see my book "HANDBOOK OF RA".

 Roman Ancestors
Roman Ancestors to Early Britain

(CONTINUED FROM THE CHART ABOVE - HERE IS OUR GENEALOGY FROM THE PTOLOMY/CAESAR LINE)

• 1. Numerius Julius Caesar, the first of the Caesars lived about 300 B.C. The word "Caesar" originally meant "a hairy head"; some say "an elephant." His son was Lucius Julius Caesar.
• 2. Lucius Julius Caesar. He was father of Sextus Julius Caesar I.
• 3. Sextus Julius Caesar I was a military tribune under Lucius Aemilius Paulus. He was proconsul in Liguria. In his time, 200 B.C. books instead of being written on one long sheet of scroll and rolled, were of many leaves bound together. He was the father of two sons as follows:
o 1. Caius Julius Caesar I See elsewhere for continuation of his descendants to Atia, mother of Octavia the Elder, wife of Mark Antony III
o 2. Sextus Julius Caesar II See below.
• 4. Sextus Julius Caesar II, who with Sempronius Bloesus, was a Roman Ambassador for restoring liberty to the people of Abdera, 169 B.C., and was Consul in 1546 B.C. About this time water clocks were invented. His son was as follows:
o 1. Lucius Julius Caesar II See below.
• 5. Lucius Julius Caesar II married and had two sons as follows:
o 1. Lucius Julius Caesar III See below.
o 2. Caius Julius Caesar, called Strabo, a courteous and witty orator often mentioned by Cicero.
• 6. Lucius Julius Caesar III was Consul in 89 B.C., a Censor in 88 B.C. and the author of the Julian Law. He was the father of the following children:
o 1. Lucius Julius Caesar IV., Consul in U. C. 690, 63 B.C. , who fought in Gaul under the dictator Julius Caesar but afterwards revolted to Pompey.
o 2. Julia, daughter of Lucius. See below.
• 7. Julia, daughter of Lucius, married Mark Antony II., called Creticus, son of the eloquent Orator, Mark Antony I., born 143 B.C., died 87 B.C., Consul and Censor, who was the son of Gaius Antonius. Mark Antony II. was Praetor in U. C. 682, 71 B.C. He took care of the granaries, made war unsuccessfully upon the Cretans and died of grief U.C. 685, 68 B.C. Julia and Mark Antony II. were parents of the following son:
o 1. Mark Antony III See below.
o 2. Lucius.
• 8. Mark Antony III of the second Triumvirate, composed of himself (husband of Octavia), Lepidus (son-in-law of Octavia) and Augustus Octavius Caesar (brother of Octavia). Mark Antony, born in 83 B.C., died in 30 B.C., was famous for military successes and for stabilizing the Roman Republic after the murder, in 44 B.C., of Julius Caesar, the dictator. He was engaged in a power struggle with Octavian, the adopted son of Octavia. Beaten by Octavian, known as Augustus, at the battle of Actium, Mark Antony fled into Egypt with Cleopatra, where both committed suicide, he by falling on his sword, she by the poisoned bite of an asp. His five wives were: (1) Fadia, (2) Antonia,(3) Fulvia, (4) Octavia the Elder, (5) Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, called "one of the most beautiful women of all time." According to some historians, the relationship between Antony and Cleopatra was not a legal marriage. His fourth wife, Octavia the Elder, died 11 B.C., widow of Claudius Marcellus and sister of Augustus Octavius Caesar, born at Nola in Campania 62 B.C., the first Roman Emperor, was the grand nephew , adopted son, and successor of Julius Caesar and ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D. He is called Caesar Augustus in the New Testament (Gospel of St. Luke 2:1). The Roman Empire, which he founded, lasted about 500 years, from 29 B.C. to 476 A.D.
See Durant, pp. 198-208, "Caesar and Christ," for details on his life.
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Octavia the Elder was descended as follows:
2. Sextus Julius Caesar I See above for the common ancestry.
3. Caius Julius Caesar I, was father of Caius Julius Caesar II.
4. Caius Julius Caesar II, married Marcia, daughter of Quintus Marcius Rex, and they had the following children:
• 1. Caius Julius Caesar III., the Praetor. See below.
• 2. Julia, married C. Marius.
• 5. Caius Julius Caesar III., the Praetor, who died suddenly "while putting on his shoes" at Pisa, 84 B.C., having married Aurelia, "an excellent and learned lady." According to Durant, "she was a matron of dignity and wisdom, frugally managing her small home in the unfashionable Subura, a district of shops, taverns, and brothels." They were the parents of the following children:
o 1. Julia, died at an early age.
o 2. Caius Julius Caesar IV. ("The Julius Caesar"), one of the Nine Worthies, the greatest general Rome ever produced, born July 12, 100 B.C., in Subura, allegedly by the delivery operation that bears his name.
According to Durant,
"He traced his pedigree to Julus Ascanius, son of Aeneas, son of Venus, daughter of Jupiter: he began and ended as a god. The Julian gens, though impoverished, was one of the oldest and noblest in Italy. A Caius Julius had been consul in 489 B.C., another in 482 B.C., a Vopiscus Julius in 473 B.C., a Sextus Julius in 157 B.C., another in 90 B.C."
He with Pompey and Crassus formed the first triumvirate. He produced many works, of which his commentaries on the Gallic and Civil Wars alone have been preserved. Pliny records that Caesar "could employ, at one and the same time, his ears to listen, his eyes to read, his hand to write, and his tongue to dictate." He is often called the greatest statesman in the world's history. On the Ides of March (March 15th) 44 B.C., Caesar was murdered at the age of 56. He married in Rome in 84 B.C. (1) Cossutia to please his father; when soon after his father died, he divorced her and married (2) Cornelia, daughter of Cinna; their daughter, Julia, married Pompey. Caesar left no grandchildren surviving. When Cornelia died in 68 B.C., Caesar married (3) Pompeia, granddaughter of Sulla. He finally married (4) Calpurnia, daughter of L. Piso. In his later years Julius Caesar had affairs with many women, often the wives of both friends and enemies.
According to Durant,
"We must think of Caesar as at first an unscrupulous politician and a reckless rake, slowly transformed by growth and responsibility into one of history's most profound and conscientious statesmen. We must not forget, as we rejoice at his faults, that he was a great man notwithstanding. We cannot equate ourselves with Caesar by proving that he seduced women, bribed ward leaders, and wrote books."
The month of July was named in his honor. See Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar." Also see Durant, pp. 167-197, for details on his life.
o 3. Julia, the second daughter with this name. See below.
• 6. Julia, died in 51 B.C., married Marcus Atius Balbus. They had a daughter as follows:
o 1. Atia. See below.
• 7. Atia, niece of Julius Caesar, died in 43 B.C., married (1) Caius Octavius IV, Senator-Praetor and Governor of Macedonia, died in 59 B.C., belonged to an old and respectable but not distinguished family from Velitrae. He was the son of Caius Octavius III., municipal magistrate of Velitrae. He was the son of Caius Octavius II., a military tribune in Sicily, 226 B.C. His father was Caius Octavius I., son of Eneius Octavius Rufus, the Quaestor, or Chancellor of the Republic, living about 330 B.C., the time of Alexander the Great, and brother of Eneius Octavius, a Roman Admiral under Scipio Africanus in the Second Punic War. Caius Octavius IV. married (2) Ancharia, and they had Octavia the Older. Atia and Caius Octavius IV. had the following children:
o 1. Octavia the Elder, sister of Augustus Octavius Caesar and wife of Mark Antony II. See below.
o 2. Caius Augustus Octavius (Octavian) Caesar (C. Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus), called Caesar Augustus in the New Testament of the Bible, St. Luke 2:1, born September 23, 63 B.C., died August, A.D. 14, was the first Roman Emperor (27 B.C.-A.D. 14). As Julius Caesar had been murdered for his aim to efface the Constitution of the Roman Republic of 460 years' standing. Augustus was slow to claim Caesar's power as Imperator but, as the sole survivor of the second Triumvirate and, though still a young an, was master of the world and willing to be known as "the first citizen of a free republic," he enjoyed the honorary title of Princeps Senatus (Chief of the Senate), which office was not hereditary. Augustus annulled the unconstitutional acts of the Triumvirs and in a decree to the Senate of January 13, 27 B.C. was officially described as having "restored the republic" but, on the day those liberties were restored, they were resigned once for all into the hands of their restorer. Lacking Caesar's commanding genius, Augustus possessed the infinite tact and patience which succeeds where genius fails. He knew that men are ruled by imagination, rather than by force. Thus he preserved the Roman Republic in name, inviolate, and was careful to assume no title such as king or dictator, which would be offensive to Roman sentiment. "Augustus" is a mere title, of which the nearest counterpart is to sought in the phrase "by the grace of God," applied to modern rulers. He was, nevertheless, the first Emperor of Rome. The title of "Augusta" was later conferred upon fewer than ten favored women, some mentioned below. His army suffering defeat, Augustus' spirit was broken and the last years of his long reign were clouded with failure. He not only desired the admiration of his people but also sought their worship. Falling ill on a journey to Campania he met the painless death he hoped for, in Livia's arms, August 19, 14 A.D., aged 76, having reigned for 41 years, succeeded by Tiberius, who ruled from 14 A.D. to 37 A.D. In his honor the month of August was named for Augustus. The Roman Empire, which he founded, lasted 500 years, from 29 B.C. to 476 A.D. He married (1) Claudia (Clodia), with no issue, and (2) Scribonia, from whom he later obtained a divorce. From this second marriage there was one daughter as follows:
 1. Julia the Elder, born 39 B.C. She had three marriages. She married at the age of fourteen (1) M. Marcellus, son of Octavia, (Julia persuaded Octavia to allow the divorce of her son in order for this marriage to take place), but there was no issue, and two years after the marriage, Marcellus died. She then married in 21 B.C. (2) M. Vipsanius Agrippa, who had been persuaded by the Emperor to obtain a divorce from his wife. Julia was eighteen and Agrippa forty-two. She finally married in 9 B.C. (3) Tiberius, son of Livia (forced to obtain a divorce from his pregnant wife, Vipsania Agrippina, daughter of Agrippa), with no issue. Julia is reported to have had many illicit affairs along with her formal marriages. As a result her father, the Emperor, finally was forced to banish her to the island of Pandateria. One of her lovers, a son of Antony, was forced to kill himself, and several others were exiled. After sixteen years of imprisonment, she died.
From the second marriage, Julia and M. Vipsanius Agrippa, born in 63 B.C. and died in 12 B.C., had five children as follows:
 1. Gaius Caesar, died A.D. 4, married Livia (Livilla), daughter of Germanicus, with no issue.
 2. Lucius Caesar, born in 17 B.C., died A.D. 2, with no issue.
 3. Julia the Younger, died 28 A.D., married L. Aemilius Paulus, with issue.
 4. Agrippina the Elder, who married Germanicus (see elsewhere). Agrippina the Elder and Germanicus had the following children:
 1. Nero Julius Caesar, born 6 A.D. and died 30 A.D., married Julia, daughter of Drusus, son of Tiberius.
 2. Drusus Julius Caesar, born 7 A.D. an died 33 A.D., married Aemilia Lepida.
 3. Gaius, born 12 A.D. and died 41 A.D., married Caesonia.
 4. Agrippina the Younger, born 15 A.D. and died 59 A.D., married (1) Cn. Domitus Ahenobarbus, son of Antonia the Elder, daughter of Mark Antony, and her husband, L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, who died in 40 A.D. She married (3) Claudius. The child from the first marriage was L. Domitius Ahenobarbus (afterwards Nero Claudius Caesar), born in 37 A.D. and died in 68 A.D., infamous Roman Emperor (54 A.D.-68 A.D.), who succeeded Claudius, who had ruled from 41 A.D. to 54 A.D. This Emperor Nero supposedly "fiddled" while Rome burned to the ground. He married (1) Octavia, daughter of Claudius, and (2) Poppaea Sabina, who died in 65 A.D.
 5. Drusilla.
 6. Julia Livilla, following her mother's amorous traits, was banished (like her mother) by her grandfather, Emperor Caesar Augustus, to an isle in the Adriatic, while her friend, Ovid, the poet, was banished to Tomi in the Black Sea.
 5. Agrippa Postumus, assassinated, A.D. 14, with no issue.
Casius Octavius Augustus Caesar, following his divorce from Scribonia, he later married (3) Livia Drusilla (conferred as Augusta), with no issue. He died at Nola in the seventy-sixth year of his age (14 A.D.).
Caius Octavius IV. died four years after the birth of his son, and Atia married (2) L. Marius Philippus. He had a daughter by a previous marriage, Marcia, married as the 2nd wife of Cato
• 8. Octavia the Elder, sister of Augustus Octavius Caesar, was born about 64 B.C. and died about 11 B.C., married (1) C. Claudius Marcellus, and (2) Mark Antony (Antonius) II, Triumvir., son of Antonius Aeticus and his wife, who later married Cornelius Lentulus Sura, step-father to Mark Antony, who was also the grandson of Antonius the Orator, who was born 83 B.C., and who was married a total of five times: (1) Fadia; and (2) Antonia. From this second marriage, there was a daughter, Antonia, who married Pythodorus. They had a daughter, Pythodoris, who married (1) Archelaus of Cappadocia, and (2) Polemo I. From this marriage there were three children: Antonia Tryphaena; Zeno; and M. Antonius Polemo (?). Mark Antony married (3) Fulvia, widow of Clodius, and later widow of Crio. Mark Antony married (4) Octavia, and finally, at the end of his career, in the autumn of 37 B.C. (5) Cleopatra VII., Queen of Egypt, previously married (1) Ptolemy XIII., who died in 47 B.C., and (2) Ptolemy XIV, who died in 44 B.C. Mark Antony and Cleopatra both committed suicide, and he died in 30 B.C. By Mark Antony, Cleopatra bore a daughter, Cleopatra of Cyrene (Selene), Queen of Cyrene, about 33-31 B.C., married Juba II. of Mauretania, son of Juba I. of Numidia, ruler of Armenia, Media, and Parthia. Salene and Juba II. had a son, Ptolemy of Mauretania. See Skakespeare's "Antony and Cleopatra."
From the first marriage of Octavia the Elder and C. Claudius Marcellus, there were three children as follows:
o 1. M. Marcellus, born in 43 B.C. , and died in 23 B.C., married Julia, daughter of Augustus.
o 2. Marcella major, married (1) M. Valeriusa Barbatus Appianus, and (2) Sextus Appuleius. There were offspring from each marriage.
o 3. Marcellus minor, married (1) M. Vipsanius Agrippa, and (2) Julius Antonius
From the second marriage of Octavia the Elder and Mark Antony, there were two daughters as follows:
 1. Antonia the Elder, born about August or September 39 A.D., married Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, son of Cn. Dominus Ahenobarus and grandson of L. Dominus Ahenobarbus. Antonia and Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus had the following children:
 1. Filia. (?).
 2. Filius (?).
 3. Domitia.
 4. Gnacus Domitius Ahenobarbus, who married Agrippina the Younger, daughter of Agrippina the Elder and Germanicus. They in turn were the parents of the infamous Nero (Lucius Domitius Nero), Emperor from 54 to 68 A.D., in whose reign the city of Rome burned. The fire broke out at night, July 18, 64 A.D., in some wooden shops and, fanned by a huge wind, raged for more than a week, destroying the greater part of the city. It is not certainly known who started the fire, but Nero blamed the Christians and thus began their first terrible persecution. Nero also tried to murder his mother by sending her to sea in a collapsible ship which, according to plan, broke in two at a considerable distance from the shore, but she swam back safely. He then sent soldiers to kill her. She died courageously, ordering them to stab her who had given birth to so monstrous a son. Some time after this Nero learned that the Senate had ordered his execution and planned suicide, but his courage failed him; so a faithful servant as ordered drove the knife into his throat, in 68 A.D. Having only one child, who died in infancy, Nero left no descendants surviving; indeed no member of the Imperial family was left to succeed him. The army seized the government and the Republic was never restored.
 5. Domitia Lepida, married (1) M. Valerius Messalia Barbatus, and (2) Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix.
 2. Antonia the Younger. See below.
Octavia stands out as a virtuous woman in a time when every restraint was relaxed. No evil deeds about her were ever even hinted by anybody. After she was abandoned by Mark Antony, Octavia bore her rejection silently, lived quietly in Antony's house at Rome, and brought up faithfully his children by Fulvia and the two daughters that she herself had given him. Later, Octavia, after the death of Antony and Cleopatra, reared the children of Antony and Cleopatra as if they were her own.
• 9. Antonia the Younger, an excellent woman, the title of Augusta was conferred upon her. The daughter of Octavia the Elder and Mark Antony, she married Drusus (Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus), born 38 B.C. in the palace of Augustus, died 9 B.C. He was the brother of Emperor Tiberius, and son of Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero, and his wife, Livia Drusilla, upon whom the title of Augusta was conferred later, when she became the second wife of Emperor Augustus. Antonia the Younger and Drusus were the parents of the following son:
o 1. Caesar Germanicus, who married Agrippina the Elder. See elsewhere. He restored to Herod Agrippa II. the largest part of his great grandfather Herod the Great's dominions. Herod the Great, born about 70 B.C., an Edomite descended from Esau, was son of Cypros, an Arabian woman, and Antipater, her husband, who had been appointed Procurator of Judea by Julius Caesar in 47 B.C. he is known in history for the slaughter of the innocent first-born children (Bible New Testament , Gospel of St. Matthew 2:16). He had also murdered many relatives, including all his children by his first wife. It was his great grandson, Herod Agrippa II., tetrarch of Galilee, before whom St. Paul in 62 A.D., made his memorable defense recorded in the New Testament, Book of Acts, Chapter 26. Maintained in his power by the Romans, and faithful to their interests, he adopted the Jewish religion and tried to dissuade the Jews from rebelling. Agrippina the Elder was one of the most virtuous and heroic women of her time, born 12 B.C., died 33 A.D., daughter of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, the greatest military commander after Julius Caesar, and of Julia, daughter of Augustus. She accompanied her husband, Caesar Germanicus, in his military expeditions until his death at Antioch, 19 A.D. Her husband's uncle, the Emperor Tiberius Claudius Caesar, jealous of the affection of the people for Agrippina, banished her to a small island, where she died of hunger in 33 A.D. Germanicus and Agrippina were the parents of the following children:
 1. Drusus.
 2. Caligula (Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus), or Little Boot, from the half boot (caliga) worn in the army. He was brought up among soldiers, had imitated their dress. When he assumed power at the death of Tiberius in 41 A.D., he announced that he would follow the principles of Augustus in his policy. He seemed to be prodigal, cheerful, and humane. But within three months of his accession the people had sacrificed 160,000 victims to the gods in gratitude for so charming and beneficent a prince. They had forgotten his lineage. His father's mother was the daughter of Antony, his mother's mother was the daughter of Augustus; in his blood the war between Antony and Octavian was renewed, and Antony won. Caligula was proud of his skill as a dueler, a gladiator, and a charioteer; but he was "troubled with the falling sickness," and at times was "hardly able to walk or collect his thought." A quiet life of responsible labor might have steadied him, but the poison of power made him mad. When Caligula's grandmother Antonia gave him some advice he rebuked her with the remark, "Remember that I have the right to do anything to anybody." While embracing his wife or mistress he would say pleasantly, "Off comes this beautiful head whenever I give the word." Suetonius describes him as living in "habitual incest with all his sisters." He is even reported by Dio Cassius, who wrote two centuries after the event, to have forced his saintly grandmother Antonia to kill herself. He demanded that divine honors be paid to him throughout the Empire and when, in 40 A.D., the Jews and Christians alone refused, he profaned the Holy of Holies at Jerusalem by placing there a colossal statue of himself. Soon after this Caligula was murdered, on January 24, 41 A.D. in his 29th year, when Nero was 4 years old. At the same time the assassins killed Caligula's final wife and dashed out her daughter's brains against a wall. On that day, says Dio, Caligula learned that he was not a god. He married, successively, (1) Junia Claudia, (2) Livia Comelia, (3) Lollia Paulina, and (4) Caesonia.
 3. Drusilla, married (1) L. Cassius Longinus, and (2) M. Aemilus Lepidus.
 4. Livilla, married M. Vinicus.
 5. Agripinilla, also known as Agrippina the Younger, an exceeding evil woman, fourth wife of Claudius, and the mother of L. Domitius Ahenobarbus Nero.
o 2. Livia Julia, married Drusius Julus Caesar. They had a daughter, Julia, who married Rubelius Blandus.
o 3. Claudius (Tiberius Drusus Nero Claudius Caesar). the second son. See below.
• 10. Claudius (Tiberius Drusus Nero Claudius Caesar) was the great uncle and stepfather of Nero. When Caligula was murdered, in 41 A.D., there remained this Claudius, his uncle, who was now 51 years of age but who, as the butt of the family, had been excluded from the functions of the government, neglected, ill-treated, and allowed to divide his time between low company and literary studies. He was known as "Claudius, the Idiot or the Stutterer." No one had considered him a serious candidate save the shrewd Herod Agrippa II., who, having successfully schemed for the elevation of Caligula and reaped a rich reward, was silently meditating a second coup. Perhaps instead of being weak-minded, Claudius merely feigned madness in order to escape poisoning. On his father's side he was descended from Appius Claudius, a Roman decemivir in 450 B.C., whose name survives in the Appian Way. Born in Lyons (Lugdunum), 10 B.C., Claudius in 43 A.D. determined to carry out the conquest of Britain which Augustus had meditated, but decided to postpone, if not to forego. Seneca records with a sneer that Claudius "had determined to see every German, Gaul , and Briton in a toga." He sent Aulus Platius against Caractacus, in 43 A.D., and himself soon joined his victorious army in time to see the crossing of the Thames and the fall of Colchester, Cymbeline's capital, and to receive the "submission of the eleven British kings." These successes, gained only with the hardest fighting, led him to make treaties with the British chiefs (See Wurts, pp. 155-156). After but sixteen days in the island he returned to celebrate his triumph, leaving his generals to carry on. This was the most notable achievement of the reign of Claudius, who was also the builder of the conduit Aqua Claudius and other public works. He married four times: (1) Plautia Urgulanilla, who died on her wedding day, (2) Aelia Paetina, whom he divorced, and (3) Valeria Messalina, aged sixteen, an exceedingly wicked woman, mother of little Octavia, had the title of Augusta conferred upon her, whom he also divorced. Then at age forty-eight, he married (4) Agrippina the Younger, his niece, who was already twice a widow, daughter of Agrippina the Elder and Germanicus. Claudius conferred the title of Augusta upon her. By her first husband, Cnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, she had a son Nero. She was also married the second time to Caius Crispus. Her problem was to become the wife of Claudius, to get rid of his son, Britannicus, and make Nero, by adoption, heir to the Empire. The fact that she was Claudius' niece did not deter her, but gave her opportunities for fond intimacies that stirred the old ruler in no avuncular manner. She, at the age of thirty-two, while Claudius was fifty-seven, became the 4th wife of her uncle. The Senate approved, the Praetorians laughed, and Agrippina reached the throne. Claudius, to whom she gave poison and caused his death on October 13, 54 A.D. On that day her son, Nero, was proclaimed Emperor. See details of the life of Claudius in Durant, pp. 268-274. Also, the PBS TV Series "I, Claudius," available in the Carnegie Public Library in Pittsburgh, PA. It is based on the popular novel by the same name.
[Editor's note: According to Wurts, in his "Magna Charta," Claudius had a daughter, Venissa (Venus Julia), but there is no record as to which of Cl;audius' wives was her mother. This connection has not been confirmed elsewhere and is highly questionable.]
• 11. Venissa (Venus Julia) was the half-sister of little Octavia, the wife of Emperor Nero, upon whom Nero conferred the title of Augusta. She married Arviragus, a Druid King, 11th son of Cymbeline. See details of his ancestry below. He lived in Avalon, and eventually succeeded his brother Guiderius as King of Britain, 44 A.D., and died in 74 A.D. . Their son was Marius (Meric).
• 12. Marius (Meric), King of Britain A.D. 74, died A.D. 125, married Princess _________, daughter of Prasutagus, a Druid, King of the Icenians, who died A.D. 61, and his wife, Queen Boadecia, who died A.D. 62.
See the continuation of this lineage elsewhere in Volume I.
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Arviragus, the Druid King, and 11th son of Cymberline, was descended as follows:
5. King Capoir, a great leader about 200 B.C. among the Druids, was father of Manogan.
6. Manogan. The Welsh from earliest times called themselves "Cymry," meaning "the aborigines." They called their language "Cymraeg," meaning "the primitive tongue." Manogan married and had Beli Mawr.
7. Beli Mawr (Beli the Great), a Druid king of Britain in 132 B.C. He died 72 B.C. He was the father of two sons as follows:
• 1. Caswallon (Cassibilane or Cassivelaunus), a British king in 62 B.C., made Commander in Chief of all British forces at the time of Caesar's first invasion, 55 B.C., was forced to pay tribute to Rome of 3000 pounds per year, and died in 48 B.C.
• 2. Lud. See below.
• 8. Lud, a king of Britain in 72 B.C., who died in 62 B.C. Lud married and had a son, Tenuantius.
• 9. Tenuantius (Theomantius), a king of Britain in 48 B.C., died in 26 B.C. A gentle but firm ruler, he refused to pay the tribute Rome exacted from his uncle Caswallon when overcome by Julius Caesar. He was the father of two sons:
o 1. Cymberline. See below.
o 2. Epaticcus, established at Calleva by 25 A.D.
• 10. Cymbeline (Cynvelin or Cunobeline or Cunobelinus). He was educated in Rome by Augustus Caesar and later forestalled the invasion of the British Isles, 30 B.C. King of the Silures in Britain for 35 years, from 8 B.C. to 27 A.D., he made his capital at Colchester and greatly civilized his people. He had as many as eleven children, some of whom are as follows:
o 1. Adminius.
o 2. Caratacus, an outstanding leader of the Britons.
o 3. Togodumnus.
o 4. Eppillus.
o 5. Six other sons, unidentified.
o 5. Arviragus, the eleventh son. See below.
• 11. Arviragus, King of Britain, lived in Avalon, married Venissa (Venus Julia), daughter of the Roman Emperor Claudius. They were parents of Marius (Meric)., who married the daughter of Prasutagus, King of Icenians and his wife, Queen Boadicea.
Arviragus was a 2nd cousin of Caradoc. He succeeded his brother Guiderius,a King of Britain, 44 A.D., who died in 74 A.D.
See the continuation of this lineage elsewhere in Vol I.
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Another Roman ancestry leading to Constantine I, Augustus, the Great, is as follows:
There were two brothers, whose parentage is unknown, possibly the sons of a Claudius I, as follows:
• 1. Claudius II. See below.
• 2. Marcus Aurelius Claudius Quintillus, who succeeded his brother in 270, as the Emperor.
o 1. Claudius II. (Marcus Aurelius Flavius Claudius Gothicus), a virtuous and worthy Emperor (268-270), who was a soldier, statesman, and a distinguished officer. He was born in Illyria in 214, and was trained in the hard school of warfare on the Danube frontier. He died at the age of fifty-five of a pestilence (The Plague) that was decimating Goths and Romans alike in 270. He rescued Thessalonica, drove the Goths up the Vardar valley, and defeated them with great slaughter at Naissus, the modern Nish in 269 A.D. If he had lost that battle no army would have intervened between the Goths and Italy. He had a daughter, Claudia.
o 2. Claudia, married Gordiani.
o 3. Unknown child of Gordiani and Claudia, who had a son, Eutropius.
o 4. Eutropius, Dardanian nobleman, descended from the Gordiani, and his wife, Claudia.
o 5. Constantius I. (Flavius Valerius Constantius Chlorus), the Pale, Governor of Dalmatia, born in 242 and died at Eboracum (present day York, England) on July 25, 306, appointed Caesar by Maximian to rule Gaul and Britain March 1, 293. He made his capital at Augusta Trevirorum (Treves). He had a legal concubine Helen, (Helena of the Cross) of Britain, called also "Britannica", a barmaid from Bithynia, born in 265, who died in 336 or 337 (one source states that she died about 327). He recovered Britain after they revolted against Rome and became Emperor of Rome in 305 A.D., and in the right of his wife, King of England. On becoming "Caesar," he was required by Diocletian to put aside Helena and to take Maximian's stepdaughter, Theodora, as his wife. From the first union, Helen and Constantius I. had an illegitimate son, Constantine the Great. From the marriage to Theodora, there was a son, Julius Constantius, who married (1) Galla, and they had a son, Gallus, who, died in 354; and another son, Julian, who ruled from 360 to 363.
o 6. Constantine I., Augustus, (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantius), born 265 (272?), in Naissus in Moesia. He died May, 336 or 337, buried in the church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople. Constantine received only a meager education. He took up soldiering early, and proved his valor in the wars against Egypt and Persia. He was of British birth and education, and is known as the first Christian Emperor. He fought with his father in the Boulogne campaign and shared in a British campaign. The Gallic army, deeply loyal to the humane Constantius, came to love his handsome, brave, and energetic son; and when the father died at York in 306, the troops proclaimed Constantine not merely as "Caesar" but as Augustus - emperor. He accepted the lesser title, excusing himself on the grounds that his life would be unsafe without an army at his back. Consequently Constantine fought successfully against the invading Franks. Later, with a British army he set out to put down the persecution of Christians forever. The greatest of all Roman Emperors, he annexed Britain to the Roman Empire and founded Constantinople. In the year 321 he decreed that the Christian Sunday be truly observed as a day of rest. In 325 he assembled the Council of Nicea in Bithynia, Asia Minor, which he attended in person. This Council formulated the Nicene Creed. The following edict of Constantine sets forth the standards of his life: "We call God to witness, the Savior of all men, that in assuming the government we are influenced solely by these two considerations - the uniting of the empire in one faith, and the restoration of peace to a world rent in pieces by the insanity of religious persecution." By his first wife (1) Minervina he was father of the following son:
 1. Flavius Valerius Crispus Caesar.
He married (2) Fausta, sister of his step-mother, Theodora. Fausta and Theodora and their brother Maxentius were children of Maximinus, Roman Emperor (286-305). One writer, Brewer, said he was a giant, eight feet, six inches tall! His son Maxentius, Emperor (310-311), married Valeria, daughter of Galerius, Emperor (310-311), and his wife, Valeria, who was daughter of Diocletian, Emperor (284-305). Fausta and Constantine the Great had three sons and one daughter as follows:
 1. Constantine II.
 2. Constantius II
 3. Constants I.
 4. Helen, wife of Julian the Apostate.
See details of the life of Constantine I. in Durant, pp. 653-664.
This line connects with Constantine I in # 6

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