WELCH HUGUENOTS -

descended from Benjamine Bibb

            1. James Bibb [I] (1610-1685)  ,,,Wales

              2-- Benjamin Bibb [Sr.] (1640-1702)  ,,,France

               sp-Mary MNU (1640-    )

                  3-- Benjamin Bibb [Jr.] (1663-1720)  Probably,,,Wales

                   sp-Temperance Walker (1688-    )

                      4-- Henry Bibb [II] (1690-1750)  ,Hanover County,Virginia Colony

                       sp-Eleanor Fleming (1694-1744)  ,Hanover County,Virginia Colony

                          5-- Benjamin Bibb [IV] (1715-1768)  ,Hanover County,Virginia Colony

                           sp-Ann Armstead or Armistead (    -1789)

                              6-- Elizabeth Bibb (1743-1770)  ,Louisa County,Virginia Colony

                              6-- Ann Bibb [II] (1748-1770)  ,Louisa County,Virginia Colony

                              6-- Mary Bibb (1749-1770)  ,Louisa County,Virginia Colony

                              6-- John Bibb [II] (1751-1829)  of,,Virginia Colony

                               sp-Sarah or Sally Thomasson (1758-    )  ,Louisa County,Colonial

                                  7-- Patsie Bibb (1782-    )  ,Va,[Possibly]

                                  7-- Thomas Chew Bibb (1787-    )  ,Va,[Possibly]

                              6-- Henry Bibb [III] (1750-1803)  ,Louisa County,Virginia Colony

                              6-- Sarah Bibb (1755-1770)

                              6-- Benjamin Bibb [V] (1756-    )  ,Louisa County,Virginia Colony>

                           sp-Ann Fleming (    -    )

                              6-- Eleanor Bibb (1745-1832)  of,Louisa County,Virginia Colony

                               sp-William Cole (1742-1795)  ,Louisa County,Virginia Colony

                                  7-- Richard Cole [II] (1764-1840)  ,Louisa County,Colonial Virginia

                                   sp-Sarah Sansum (    -    )

                                   sp-Elizabeth Emmerson [Widow] (    -    )

                                  7-- Elizabeth Cole [I] (1766-    )  ,Louisa County,Virginia Colony

                                   sp-William Hollins (    -    )

                                  7-- William Bibb Cole (1768-1857)  ,Louisa County,Virginia Colony

                                   sp-Sarah or Sallie Byars (1763-1810)  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                      8-- Mary or Polly Cole [II] (1790-1869)  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                       sp-Thomas Allen [III] (1781-1857)  ,,Virginia

                                          9-- Emily Byars Allen (1814-1898)  Watkinsville,Clarke, GA

                                           sp-Joshua Smith [II] (1809-1865)  ,Rockingham County, NC

                                              10-- Ann Eliza Smith (1833-1890)  ,Clarke County,Georgia

                                               sp-John C. Ingram (1830-1864)

                                               sp-John McGee [I] (1834-1897)  ,,Georgia>

                                              10-- Martha Cassandra or Cassie Smith (1835-1917)  

                                               sp-R. P. McCrary [Reverend] (    -    )

                                              10-- Nathaniel Macon Smith [Lieutenant] (1837-1862)  

                                              10-- Thomas Samuel Smith (1839-1902)  

                                               sp-Evelyn "Evie" Cornelia Whitlow (1843-1926)  

                                              10-- William Cole Smith (1843-1924)  ,,Alabama

                                               sp-Isabella Taylor (    -    )

                                               sp-Barbara Mays (    -    )

                                              10-- Joshua Soule Smith (1845-    )  Lafayette,,Alabama

                                               sp-Caroline Holston (    -    )

                                              10-- Hudson Allen Smith (1847-1908)  ,,Alabama

                                               sp-Fannie Wilder (    -    )

                                              10-- Mary Elizabeth or Molly or Mollie Smith (1851-1932)  

                                              10-- Susan Rebecca Smith (1853-    )  ,,Alabama

                                               sp-Henry J. Ellis [Reverend] (    -    )

                                          9-- Sarah Bibb Allen (1816-1857)

                                           sp-William S. Sharp [Dr.] (    -    )

                                          9-- William Cole Allen (1817-1869)  ,,Georgia

                                           sp-Ann Maria Wilkinson (    -    )

                                          9-- Eliza Ann or Elizabeth Allen (1818-1900)  ,,Georgia

                                           sp-Lindsay Harper Cole (1819-1893)  ,,Georgia

                                          9-- Asbury Hudson Allen (1820-1851)

                                          9-- Richard Wesley Allen (1821-1898)

                                           sp-Elizabeth H. Wheat (    -    )

                                          9-- Mary Jane Allen (1823-1875)  ,,Georgia

                                           sp-Andrew Jackson (1816-1857)

                                           sp-Myron Ellis (    -    )

                                          9-- Rebecca Garland Allen (1824-1910)  ,,Georgia

                                           sp-Nathan Winfield Patillo [Reverend] (1817-1878)

                                              10-- Susie Winfield Patillo (1861-    )

                                               sp-W. Thomas Wright (1861-    )

                                          9-- Eliza Tarpley Allen (1825-1851)  ,,Georgia

                                          9-- Susan Thomas Allen (1827-1873)

                                          9-- John Thomas or Howard Allen (1829-1833)

                                      8-- Martha Cole [II] (1791-1871)  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                       sp-William Freeman (    -    )

                                      8-- Richard Cole [III] (1792-1864)  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                       sp-Sarah Freeman (    -    )

                                       sp-Elizabeth Files (    -    )

                                      8-- Elizabeth Cole [II] (1793-1857)  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                       sp-Henry Greer (    -    )

                                      8-- William H. or Bibb Cole [II] (1795-1857)  ,Louisa Cnty, VA

                                       sp-Mary Freeman (    -    )

                                       sp-Mary P. Griffin (    -    )

                                      8-- Jane Cole [II] (1797-1857)  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                       sp-Burwell Pope (    -    )

                                      8-- Rebecca Cole [II] (1799-1882)  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                       sp-Jesse Freeman (    -    )

                                      8-- Sarah B. Cole (1800-    )  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                      8-- John Byars Cole (1802-1849)  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                       sp-Terissa Longmire (    -    )

                                      8-- Matilda Cole (1804-1829)  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                       sp-James H. Freeman (    -    )

                                      8-- Littleton Cole (1810-1871)  of Clarke County,Georgia

                                       sp-Narcissa Files (1814-1847)

                                       sp-Isabella Fears (    -    )

                                  7-- Lydia Cole (1770-    )  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                   sp-William Talley (    -    )

                                      8-- Joseph Talley (1792-    )

                                  7-- Rebecca Cole [I] (1772-    )  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                   sp-William Fortson (    -    )

                                  7-- Nancy Cole (1774-    )  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                   sp-Samuel Thomason [I] (    -1825)

                                      8-- Meredith Thomason (    -    )

                                      8-- James Thomason (    -    )

                                      8-- William Thomason (    -    )

                                      8-- Samuel Thomason [II] (    -    )

                                      8-- John Richardson Thomason (    -    )

                                  7-- Sarah or Sally Cole (1776-    )  ,Louisa County,Virginia

                                   sp-George Talley (    -    )

                                      8-- Richard Talley (    -    )

                                      8-- John Talley (    -    )

                                      8-- George B. Talley (    -    )

                                      8-- Patsy Talley (    -    )

                                      8-- Thomas Talley (    -    

                                      8-  Sarah Talley m. Archibald Watt Thompson

                    9.  Mary Jane Thompson m. Alexander S. McGeeHee (1826 - 1893)

                  10.  Francis Pierce McGeHee (1852 - 1929) m. Charles Thomas Terrell

                  11.  Earley Thomas Terrell (1882-1967) m. Ophelia Harris (1884-1968)

                   12.  James Emmett Terrell ( 1911 - 1967) m. Nannie Belle Clendenin

                  13.  Nancy Clendenin Terrell 1940 m. M. F. Longnecker, Jr. 1936

                                     

 

 

Who were the Huguenots?

 

John Calvin (1509 - 1564),  

religious reformer. The Huguenots were French Protestants who were members of the Reformed Church which was established in 1550 by John Calvin.  

The origin of the name Huguenot is uncertain, but dates from approximately 1550 when it was used in court cases against "heretics" (dissenters from the Roman Catholic Church). There is a theory that it is derived from the personal name of Besançon Hugues, the leader of the "Confederate Party" in   Geneva, in combination with a Frankish corruption of the German word for conspirator or confederate: eidgenosse. Thus, Hugues plus eidgenot becomes Huguenot, with the intention of associating the Protestant cause with some very unpopular politics.

 

O.I.A. Roche, in his book The Days of the Upright, a History of the Huguenots, writes that "Huguenot" is  "a combination of a Flemish and a German word. In the Flemish corner of France, Bible students who gathered in each other's houses to study secretly were called Huisgenooten, or "house fellows," while on the Swiss and German borders they were termed Eidgenossen, or "oath fellows," that is, persons bound to each other by an oath. Gallicized into "Huguenot," often used deprecatingly, the word became, during two and a half centuries of terror and triumph, a badge of enduring honor and courage." As nickname and even abusive name it's use was banned in the regulations of the Edict of Nantes which Henry IV (Henry of Navarre, who himself earlier was a Huguenot) issued in 1598. The French Protestants themselves preferred to refer to themselves as "réformees" (reformers) rather than "Huguenots".

 

 

It was much later that the name "Huguenot" became an honorary one of which their descendants are proud.

A general edict which encouraged the extermination of the Huguenots was issued on January 29th, 1536 in France. On March 1st, 1562 some 1200 Huguenots were slain at Vassy, France. This ignited the the Wars of Religion which would rip apart, devastate, and bankrupt France for the next three decades.

 

 

St. Batholomew massacre, 1572

 

During the infamous St Bartholomew Massacre of the night of 23/24 August, 1572 more than 8 000 Huguenots, including Admiral Gaspard de Coligny, Governor of Picardy and leader and spokesman of the Huguenots, were murdered in Paris. It happened during the wedding of Henry of Navarre, a Huguenot, to Marguerite de Valois (daughter of Catherine de Medici), when thousands of Huguenots converged on Paris for the wedding celebrations.

 

Catherine de Medici It was Catherine de Medici who persuaded her weakling son Charles IX to order the mass murder, which lasted three days and spread to the countryside. On Sunday morning August 24th, 1572 she personally walked through the streets of Paris to inspect the carnage. Henry of Navarre's life was spared when he pretended to support the Roman Catholic faith. In 1593 he made his "perilous leap"and abjured his faith in July 1593, and 5 years later he was the undisputed monarch as King Henry IV (le bon Henri, the good Henry) of France.

 

When the first rumours of the massacre reached the Vatican in Rome on 2 September 1572, pope Gregory XIII was jubilant and wanted bonfires to be lit in Rome. He was persuaded to wait for the official communication. The very morning of the day that he received the confirmed news, the pope held a consistory and announced that "God had been pleased to be merciful". Then with all the cardinals he repaired to the Church of St. Mark for the Te Deum, and prayed and ordered prayers that the Most Christian King might rid and purge his entire kingdom (of France) of the Huguenot plague.

On 8 September 1572 a procession of thanksgiving took place in Rome, and the pope, in a prayer after mass, thanked God for having "granted the Catholic people a glorious triumph over a perfidious race" (gloriosam de perfidis gentibus populo catholico loetitiam tribuisti).

 

Gregory XIII engaged Vasari to paint scenes in one of the Vatican apartments of the triumph of the Most Christian King over the Huguenots. He had a medal struck representing an exterminating angel smiting the Huguenots with his sword, the inscription reading: Hugonottorium strages (Huguenot conspirators). In France itself, the French magistracy ordered the admiral to be burned in effigy and prayers and processions of thanksgiving on each recurring 24th August, out of gratitude to God for the victory over the Huguenots.

 

 

Henry IV, himself a former Huguenot (as Henry of Navarre) The Edict of Nantes was signed by Henry IV on April 13th, 1598, which brought an end to the Wars of Religion.

The Huguenots were allowed to practice their faith in 20 specified French "free" cities. France became united and a decade of peace followed. After Henry IV was murdered in 1610, however, the persecution of the "dissenters" resumed in all earnestness under the guidance of Cardinal Richelieu, whose favourite project was the extermination of the Huguenots.

 

Richelieu, relentlessly persecuted the Huguenots.

Henry IV's weakling sun, Louis the Thirteenth, refused them the privileges which had been granted to them by the Edict of Nantes; and, when reminded of the claims they had, if the promises of Henry the Third and Henry the Fourth were to be regarded, he answered that "the first-named monarch feared them, and the latter loved them; but I neither fear nor love them." The Huguenot free cities were lost one after the other after they were conquered by the forces of Cardinal Richelieu, and the last and most important stronghold, La Rochelle, fell in 1629 after a siege lasting a month.  

 

 

Louis XIV Louis XIV (the Sun King, 1643-1715) began to apply his motto l'état c'est moi ("I am the state") and introduced the infamous Dragonnades - the billeting of dragoons in Huguenot households. He began with a policy of une foi, un loi, un roi (one faith, one law, one king) and revoked the Edict of Nantes on 22 October 1685. The large scale persecution of the Huguenots resumed. Protestant churches and the houses of "obstinates" were burned and destroyed, and their bibles and hymn books burned. Emigration was declared illegal. Many Huguenots were burned at the stake. Many Huguenots who did not find their death in local prisons or execution on the wheel of torture, were shipped to sea to serve their sentences as galley slaves, either on French galley ships, or sold to Turkey as galley slaves.

A vivid account of the life of galley-slaves in France is given in Jean Marteilhes's Memoirs of a Protestant, translated by Oliver Goldsmith, which describes the experiences of one of the Huguenots who suffered after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes.

 

Every Huguenot place of worship was to be destroyed; every minister who refused to conform was to be sent to the Hôpitaux de Forçats at Marseilles and at Valance. If he had been noted for his zeal he was to be considered "obstinate," and sent to slavery for life in such of the West-Indian islands as belonged to the French. The children of Huguenot parents were to be taken from them by force, and educated by the Roman Catholic monks or nuns.

 

Scenes like these were common during the persecution of the Huguenots in France during the sixteenth and seventeenth century.

 

At least 250 000 French Huguenots fled to countries such as Switzerland, Germany, England, America, the Netherlands, Poland and South Africa, where they could enjoy religious freedom.  Benjamin Bibb's family escaped to Wale.

 

 As many were killed in France itself. Between 1618 and 1725 between 5 000 and 7 000 Huguenots reached the shores of America. Those who came from the French speaking south of Belgium, an area known as Wallonia, are generally known as Walloons (as opposed to Huguenots) in the United States.

The organised large scale emigration of Hugenots to the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa occurred during 1688 - 1689. However, even before this large ssscale emigration individual Huguenots such as François Villion (1671) and the brothers François and Guillaume du Toit (1686) fled to the Cape of Good Hope. In 1692 a total of 201 French Huguenots had settled at the Cape of Good Hope. Most of them settled in an area now known as Franschhoek ("French Corner"), some 70 km outside Cape Town, where many farms still bear their original French names.

A century later the promulgation of the Edict of Toleration on 28 November 1787 partially restored the civil and religious rights of the Huguenots in France.

 

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The Huguenots won a short period of relief from persecution with the ascension of Henry IV to the throne. The Edict of Nantes gave full freedom to his Protestants subjects. The signing of this Edict inaugurated an era of peace and great prosperity for France. However, for granting his subjects liberty of conscience, the king was stabbed to death by a Jesuit named Ravaillac. This Edict of Toleration was revoked in 1685, and a new storm of persecution ensued. The exodus began again with over a million Huguenots fleeing France to avoid certain torture and death.

 

The descendants of the survivors that reached America were determined that this tragedy should not occur here. Many of them were prominent in the founding of the country. They knew that an armed citizenry in France would have prevented this tragedy from ever happening—and as a result—they gave us the First and Second Amendments to the Constitution. They knew that freedom of religion and an armed citizenry go hand in hand:

 

Amendment 1

 

Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

 

Amendment 2

 

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

 

 

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Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776.

 

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are, Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. . . .

 

 

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The French Protestants were called Huguenots: President George Washington had a Huguenot ancestor, as did at least 5 other Presidents: John Adams, John Quincy Adams, John Tyler, James Garfield, and Theodore Roosevelt. A Huguenot refugee named Apollos de Revoire settled in Boston, and had a son who signed his name Paul Revere! Remember his famous midnight ride? Three members of the Continental Congress - Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and Elias Boudinot were Huguenots. Other great names include Francis Marrion, General George Patton, Clair Chennault, Admiral Dewey, Du Ponts, Henry Thoreau, Longfellow etc., etc. A Huguenot colony was founded in Florida in 1562 (years before the English landed), but was later destroyed by Spanish raiders.

 

FROM THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC - MARCH '06

 

Except for a few regions in Ireland, the Welsh stand apart in retaining their old unaccompanied, un-anglicized place names, particularly in the north and west. Here is the best defended outpost of Celtic speech: Nearly 600,000 people, roughly a fifth of the population, can speak Welsh, the beneficiaries of a nationalist movement that has used language as a rallying cry since the 1960s. The old language bubbles up in schools, pubs, grocery stores, and on television. The English name for Wales comes from the Anglo-Saxon word wealas, meaning foreigners, a description many Welsh today would turn on its head and apply to the English themselves.

 

Besides language, what gives the Celtic Welsh a chest-pounding feel of home is heroic history—and Wales is thick with it: walled towns, roofless churches, spiral-engraved standing stones, holy wells, crumbling hill forts, all proclaiming a past age of Celtic dominance.

 

The history that stirs the hottest passions among Welsh Celts belongs to medieval times, when Welsh leaders resisted the ultimately successful invasions of the English kings. Those heroic days seemed as fresh as an open wound to David Petersen as he drove me through the Towy River Valley in southwestern Wales. I had met the ponytailed Petersen before at the Festival Interceltique, the pan-Celtic music event in Lorient, Brittany, where he headed the Welsh delegation. When I heard him call the Union Jack a "butcher's apron," I knew I'd found a Celtic troublemaker.

 

Petersen, a Celtic commentator and sculptor, wanted to show me one of the latest patriotic monuments to the Welsh cause. He was in a pugnacious mood, befitting the son of a former heavyweight champ. Jabbing his finger right and left as we sped through the mellow valley, Petersen bloodied the English face on the landscape. He angrily corrected a few anglicized names of towns; pointed out the ruins of Welsh castles while ignoring the bulkier, fixed-up English ones; and, slowing down beside a modest piece of pastureland, complained that no marker identified this ground as the site of the glorious Battle of Coed Llathen. Here, in 1257, Welsh troops crushed the invading English army of King Henry III. "A new map of this area has left the battlefield out," Petersen said in disbelief. "The effing nerve of the authorities to tell us that this has no historical value."

 

Wheeling into a car park in the center of Llandovery, an old market town, Petersen reached the point of his harangue: On a rise, sharing space with the broken walls of a castle, stood a warrior's statue. Helmet, spear, flowing cloak, shield, and broadsword—the costume of war gleamed in stainless steel. But where there should have been a face and a body inside the medieval uniform, empty space stared out.

 

The 16-foot-high (five-meter-high) statue represents Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Fychan, a "brave nobody," Petersen said. When English troops stormed the area in 1401, looking for the army of Welsh rebel Owain Glyndŵr, the local Lord Llywelyn led the enemy in the wrong direction, buying time for Glyndŵr to escape. As punishment for his subterfuge, Llywelyn was executed in the town square. "The English took his stomach out and cooked it in front of him," Petersen said. The empty cloak symbolizes the horrific form of death.

 

Petersen knows the full story behind the raising of the statue on the 600th anniversary of Llywelyn's execution. His sons Toby and Gideon designed and built the locally commissioned monument. Back at the car we found a £30 ($50) parking ticket on the windshield. Petersen snatched it up, cursed the authorities, and vowed to fight the ticket. He had no choice: A Ghost of Wales Past was looking over his shoulder.