Clan Sinclair

  To take a wonderful on-line tour of the Sinclair lands in Normandy please go to ----- http://sinclair.quarterman.org/behottiere/labe.html  

Norse line 863-1376

Norman line (originally Norse) 911-1455

Earl of Caithness line 1455-

Lord Sinclair line 1476-

Earl of Rosslyn line 1476-

Viscount Thurso line

 

370m BC Caithness Part of Lake Orcadie lying 10 degrees south of the Equator.

 

2500 BC Stone Cairns Built in Caithness. The Camster round cairn is probably the finest chambered tomb on the British Mainland.  

 

c 1850 BC Abraham in Canaan

 

c 1250 BC Moses in Egypt

 

c 1200 BC Some of Moses' followers to Ireland? And then Scotland?

 

c 600 BC Brochs Built in Caithness

 

515 BC Second Temple Organised by Ezra and Nehemiah and 'built with the sword in one hand     and the trowel in the other' Andrew Sinclair

 

330? BC Pytheas Voyages from the Mediterranean to as far north as Orkney and Iceland The Alban Quest (Farley Mowat)

 

50 BC Diodorus Siculus Wrote of 'Cope Orcas' which is either Duncansby Head or Dunnet Head.

 

  1 Jesus born

 

5 Caithness Mentioned by the somewhat apocryphal writer Ambrosius Merlin

 

c 30 Jesus crucified

 

43 Claudius Negotiates a naval non-aggression pact with the Orcadian Chieftains

 

91 The Catti invade the North of Scotland in the reign of Emperor Domitian This tribe from Northern Germany gave their name to Caithness. Germania (Tacitus)             Caithness Events (Thomas Sincalir)

 

140 Ptolemy Mentioned Duncansby Head

 

300 Ynglingars, Scots' Norse ancestors Leave Russia for Scandinavia Laurel fechner

 

449 Saxons landed in Britain Ochtha and Ebisso with 'forty keels' laid waste to Orkney

 

562 St. Columba in Scotland

 

c 630 Guillermus (William) Sancto Claro The beheaded Saint William St. Clair from Kent still has his healing well at St. Clair-sur-Epte in Normandy Andrew Sinclair

 

  late 600's King Ingiald 'Ill Ruler' Last of the Frey - born Yngling pagan sacral 'Peace-Kings of Uppsala' whose emblem was the moon-crescent-shaped Galley

 

  Olaf 'Tree Hewer' King of Vermaland, Norway His son succeeds

 

        c.710 Olaf Sacrificed to Woden by his own people during famine

 

700's? Halfdan 'White Leg', King of Upplanders in Norway His son succeeds. Conquers Raumarike

 

700's? Halfdan succeeded by his son Eynstein 'The Fart' and then by his son Halfdan 'The Stingy' (generous with his gold but mean with his rations) who was King in Vestfold

 

742-812 Charlemagne King of the Franks and then Emperor of the Romans. It was from him that Margaret Atheling received the Holy Rood - the  'True Cross' Laurel Fechner                       Houses of Parliament Mosaic, London

 

790 Halfdan's second son Ivarr became Jarl of the Upplanders

 

795 Vikings first appeared Western Seas The Orkneyinga Saga

 

800 Vikings invade Channel coast

 

830 Eynstein 'The Orator' Son of Ivarr becomes Jarl of the Upplanders

 

832 Battle of Athelstaneford, East Lothian Angus mac Fergus, King of the Picts, defeats the army of Athelstane, King of Northumbria and the Saltire, the future flag of Scotland, is seen in the clouds. We are descended from Angus - See Scotland in the Genealogy charts further down on this web page

 

843 Union of Picts and Scots Under Kenneth Macalpine The Orkneyinga Saga

 

845 Clair of Rye, England Born. Later martyred in France Laurel Fechner

 

863 Vikings settle in Caithness Rognvald (Ranald) 'The Wise' Succeeds his father Eynstein and later becomes Jarl of Moeri and 1st Earl of Orkney

 

        870 Battle of Hafursfiourd Harald Harfagri (Fairhair) becomes sole King of Norway St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

871-2 Harald Harfagri Becomes sole King of Norway, Makes an expedition against the western Vikings, who have established their station in Orkney, drives them from their haunts and subdues Shetland, Orkney, the Hebrides and Man The Orkneyinga Saga

 

875? Rognvald, Earl of Moeri Given Orkney and Shetland as an Earldom by King Harold of Norway

 

875 Dungaldus, (Duncan) Earl of Caithness Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

875 Sigurd the Sea-King, brother of Rognvald, now 2nd Earl of Orkney Invades northern mainland of Scotland and seizes control of Caithness and Sutherland called Cat or Cait then Cataness till end of Norse rule in C13 The County of Caithness

 

882 Sigurd dies Poisoned by the tooth of Earl Melbrigd whom he had slain. Succeeded by his son Guttorm 3rd Earl of Orkney St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

883 Guttorm 3rd Earl dies Hallad, son of Rognvald, becomes 4th Earl of Orkney St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

884 04-Nov Saint Clair English hermit martyred in Normandy History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

885 Hallad 4th Earl dies Succeeded by brother Einar (one eye) 5th Earl of Orkney known as Torf Einar as he introduced the burning of peat for fuel. Einar married Grelod d. of Dungaldus and g.g.g.g.g.g.g.d. of Einar's ancestor Halfdan St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

890 Rognvald Burnt to death in Moeri St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

893 Einar 5th Earl Slaysv Halfdan Haleggson of King Harold The Orkneyinga Saga

 

    c 900 Einar 5th Earl Builds Castle at Knock Einar now Knockinnon in Caithness St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

910 Einar 5th Earl dies Succeeded by his sons Arknell and Erlend St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

911 Hrolf (Rollo) also son of Rognvald Conquers part of Neustria (Normandy), signs peace treaty with King Charles the Simple of France at St. Clair- sur-Epte and marries (secondly) his daughter Gisela-no children. Our family is directly descended from Rollo and his wife Poppa who was the daughter of the Emperor of Jerusalem.

 

912 Rollo Baptised at Rouen. Created 1st Duke of Normandy

 

917 Rollo Abdicates in favour of his son William History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

922 Rollo Helps King Charles of France put down the rebellion of Robert of Paris St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

927 Rollo Dies. Succeeded by his son William 'Longsword' 2nd Duke by his first marriage to Poppa dau. of Berenger, Count of Bayeux History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

 c.935 Northern Britain Becomes Scotland or Scotia having been formerly called Caledonia, Pictavia or Alban

 

 

Grelod, dau. of Dungaldus Married to Thorfinn Skullsplitter Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

948 William 2nd Duke of Normandy Dies. Succeeded by his son Richard 'The Fearless' 3rd Duke History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

Richard 3rd Duke Had three sons Richard, Robert Earl of Evreux, Malger Earl of Corbueil and Archbishop of Rouen and two daughters Hedwiga who married the Earl of Brittany and Emma who was twice Queen of England History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

950 Erland 6th Earl and Arknell 7th Earl  joint Earls of Orkney Killed in battle in England. Succeeded by younger brother Thorfinn 'Skull Cleaver' 8th Earl of Orkney The Orkneyinga Saga

 

963 Thorfinn 8th Earl Dies. Succeeded by  son Arfinn St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

967 Arnfinn 9th Earl Murdered at Murkle. Succeeded by brother Havard the Happy St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

970 Havard the Blessed 10th Earl Slain at Stenness. Disputed succession between Ljot 11th Earl and Skuli both claiming the title St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

c976 Skuli 12th Earl 3rd son of Thorfinn. Defeats Ljot after Ljot had received an earldom from the King of Scots but dies after the battle. Succeeded by brother Hlodver St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

980 Hlodver 13th Earl 4th son of Thorfinn. Who had married Audna, daughter of Kiarval O'Ivar King of Dublin dies. Succeeded by son Sigurd the Stout St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

980s Sigurd the Stout 14th Earl Defeats Finnleik at battle of Skidamire carrying the enchanted standard of the black raven - sacred to Odin - woven by his mother and then the Scottish Earls Hundi and Melsnati St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

995 Sigurd 14th Earl Forced to introduce Christianity 'the true faith' into Orkney by Olaf,Tryggvi's son, King of Norway The Orkneyinga Saga

 

996        Nov Richard 3rd Duke of Normandy Dies. Son, Richard 4th Duke succeeds History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

Richard 4th Duke Had three sons, Richard 5th Duke, Robert 6th Duke and Malger Archbishop of Rouen, and four daughters Margaret (Helen) married Walderne Earl of St Clair (son of Malger), Alice married the Count of Burgundy, Eleonora married Earl of Flanders and their dau. married William The Conqueror, and Papia History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

1002 Marriage of Emma Sinclair daughter of Richard 3rd Duke of Normandy to King Aethelred II of England This brings in another Sinclair family from whom we are descended

 

1006 Walderne Sinclair 2nd son of Malger born. Became Earl of St Clair. History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

1008 Hubert Sinclair 3rd son of Malger born. Became Earl of Rye in Normandy. Had four sons Radulph, Hubert, Adam and Eudo who all fought at Hastings in 1066 and then held large estates in England History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

1014 Battle of Clontarf Sigurd 14th Earl killed while carrying the enchnted banner. "all who bear it get their death". Succeeded by Somerled his eldest son St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

1014 Thorfinn, (to be 18th Earl and brother of Somerled) Aged 5, made Earl of Caithness and Sutherland by Malcolm II, King of Scots, his maternal grandfather St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1015 Somerled 15th Earl Dies. Succeeded by Einar II his brother St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1017         Jul Marriage of Queen Emma to King Knut (Canute) of Denmark & England Following Knut's invasion and marriage, the grandsons, one of whom was 'Edward the Exile', of King Aethelred II escaped to Sweden, then 12 years later to Kiev. Laurel Fechner

 

1018 Einar II 16th Earl Vanquished by Eyvind Urarhorn and King Conchobhar at Battle of Ulfreksfiord The Orkneyinga Saga

 

1019 or 1026 Einar II 16th Earl Killed by Thorkell  in Deerness and Brusi, his brother inherits The Orkneyinga Saga  or                  St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

1026 Richard 4th Duke of Normandy dies Succeeded by son Richard 5th Duke History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

1027 William Sinclair 'The Conqueror' Born. Illegitimate son of Robert 6th Duke of Normandy History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

1028 William 'The Seemly' Sinclair Born at St. Lo, Normandy son of Walderne, Earl of St. Clair. Founder of the Sinclair dynasty in Scotland History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

1028 Richard 5th Duke Dies. Succeeded by brother Robert 6th Duke 'The Saint and the Devil' History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

1028 Olaf the Holy King of Norway driven out by King Canute of England and Denmark who is married to Emma The Orkneyinga Saga

 

1030 Brusi 17th Earl does a deal with brother Thorfinn and splits the land and then fades away. Thorfinn takes all St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 1030 Thorfinn II 18th Earl Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Complete Peerage

 

1031-33 Robert 6th Duke Assists King  Henry of France regain his throne St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

 1034? Moddan Created Earl of Caithness by King Karl Hundason Complete Peerage                         St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1035 Robert 6th Duke Makes pilgramage to Jerusalem St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

1035 Robert 6th Duke Dies. Succeeded by illegitimate son William by Hereleve Sinclair Geneaology (Niven Sinclair)

1035-1046 Rognvald II Nephew of Thorfinn II jointly rule until they disagree and Thorfinn kills him St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1040's Thorfinn II  18th Earl Defeats Moddan twice and then the King of Scotland. Subdues Sutherland and Ross St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1047 Battle of Val-es-Dunes Sinclair battle to decide Dukedom of Normandy. Hamo and Walderne St. Clair killed. William illegitimate son of Robert 6th Duke confirmed 7th Duke History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

1050 Thorfinn II 18th Earl Pilgrimage to Rome and meets the Pope Last of the Free (James Hunter)

 

1052 Edward the Confessor, son of Emma. Crowned King of England Laurel Fechner

1052 06-Mar Emma Dies Laurel Fechner

 

1057 William 'The Seemly' Sinclair Returns from Hungary with Atheling Edward 'The Exile' and his daughter Margaret who twelve years later married Malcolm Canmore King of Scotland

 

1064 Thorfinn 'The Great' 18 th Earl of Orkney dies Succeeded by his sons Paul and Erlend. His widow, Ingibiorg marries Malcolm Canmore and their son is King Duncan I St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1065 Hubert Sinclair Uncle to William the Conqueror sent by him on a secret mission to England to secure the throne when Edward dies History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

1066 25-Sep Battle of Stamford Bridge, near York King Harald Sigurdson (Hardradi) fell.  His son Olaf and Earls Paul and Erlend, (20th and 21st of Orkney) who were also in the battle receive peace and are free to return north

 

1066 Oct-14 Battle of Hastings William Sinclair 7th Duke of Normandy aided by nine Sinclair generals defeats Harald and becomes King of England and The Conqueror

 

1069 Margaret marries Malcolm Canmore, King of Scots

 

1076 Eudo St. Clair Starts building Colchester Castle, the largest ever constructed by the Normans Colchester Castle Guide

 

1080? Hako, son of Paul, and Magnus, son of Erlend Joint Jarls of Orkney and Earls of Caithness Complete Peerage

 

1087    Sep 9 William the Conqueror, King of England Dies in Rouen, Normandy. Succeeded by his son William II

 

1093        Nov Battle of Alnwick King Malcolm of Scotland beseiges William II King of England who surrenders but Malcolm is killed

1093    Nov 16 Queen Margaret dies Later canonised as 'an out-standing example of a true mother and a queen'. Her feast day is 16 November

 

1095 Eudo St. Clair Founds the Benedictine Abbey of St. John in Colchester Colchester Castle Guide

 

 1096-99 First Crusade Henry "the Holy" Sinclair, son of William The Seemly Sinclair takes part. Jerusalem captured. Laurel Fechner

 

1098 Magnus King of Norway Seizes Earls of Orkney, Paul and Erlend and banishes them to Norway. Places his own son Sigurd as Jarl The Orkneyinga Saga

 

1103 Hakon the Imperious 22nd and Magnus the Martyr  23rd Earls Sons of Paul and Erlend joint rulers St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

   1110? Harald Slettmali Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Complete Peerage

 

1115 Magnus the Martyr 23rd Earl Killed on Hakon's orders St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1118 Knights Templars founded At site of Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem. Hugh de Payens, married to Catherine St. Clair is first Grand Master Laurel Fechner

 

1120 John Sinclair, Earl of Essex Son of Eudo Dapifer, the Lord of Colchester, and g.g.son of Malger created Earl of Essex History of the Sinclair Family in Europe and America (Morrison)

 

1122 Hakon the Imperious 22nd Earl Dies. Succeeded by sons Harald the Orator 24th Earl and Paul II the Silent 25th Earl St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1123 William Sinclair of Corbeil Created Archbishop of Canterbury Dictionary of English Church History

 

1127 Harold the Orator 24th Earl Who held Caithness from the King of Scots poisoned by wearing a garment being made for Paul St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

1127 Erlend III the Younger 26th Earl Son of Harald the Orator shares title jointly with Paul 25th Earl St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1129 Macwilliam designated Earl of Caithness Peerage of Scotland (Douglas)

1129 Hugh de Paynes and his wife Catherine St. Clair Visit Sir Henry Sinclair of Roslin and initiated Templar headquarters at Balantrodoch Laurel Fechner

 

1135 King Stephen of England Crowned by Archbishop William Sinclair of Canterbury Dictionary of English Church History

 

1136 Paul II the Silent 25th Earl Dies. Succeeded by St. Rognvald III the Crusader, son of Magnus 23rd Earl St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

1136 St. Rognvald III 27th Earl Starts building St Magnus Cathedral in Kirkwall in memory of his father St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1139 Harold II the Wicked 28th Earl Nephew of Harold I Scottish Earl of Caithness Orkney and Shetland St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1140? Paul 25th Earl Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Complete Peerage

 

 1147-49 Second Crusade

 

1150 Erling Carried off the beautiful Margaret, mother of Harald II, to the broch at Moussa, Shetland. Harold beseiged them but then agreed to the marriage. Prehistoric Times (Lord Avebury)

 

1152 Earl Rognvald of Caithness and Orkney Makes pilgrimage to Jerusalem The Orkneyinga Saga

 

1152 Harald Maddadson (Harold the Wicked) 28th Earl Arrived in Scrabster, Thurso in a war galley followed by Einstein King of Norway and captured The Orkneyinga Saga

 

1154 Laurence Sinclair Abbot of Eynehallow Niven Sinclair

 

1156 Erlend III the Younger 26th Earl Killed. Male line of earls of Orkney end. St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1158 Earl Rognvald III 27th Earl Killed at Calder in Caithness by Thorbiorn Klerk St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)       The Orkneyinga Saga

 

1160 Sweyn Famous Caithness and Orkney raider killed in an ambush in Dublin

 

1162 First scroll written in Caithness

 

1162 Henry de St.Clair Receives charter of lands of Herdmanston in Haddingtonshire Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1163? Hugh de St. Clair Excommunicated by Thomas a Beckett for having 'taken possession of the goods and properties of the same church of Canterbury without permission' Niven Sinclair

 

1170? Harald Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Complete Peerage

 

1176 Harald III the Younger 29th Earl Earl of Orkney and Caithness St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1189-1192 Third Crusade Fails to retake Jerusalem but agreement gained for free visitation of Holy places.

 

1192 Rognvald 27th Earl Canonised The Orkneyinga Saga

 

1195 Harold the Elder 28th Earl Forfeits Shetland to the Crown of Norway and it does not form part of the domain of the Earls until 1397 The Orkneyinga Saga

 

1196 Battle of Clairdon Harald the Younger, grandson of Earl Ronald, slain by Harold the Elder and lies buried in 'Harold's Tower' near Thurso Castle

 

1196 Harald the Elder, Earl of Caithness and Orkney Rebels against King William the Lion Peerage of Scotland (Douglas)

 

1201 Harald 28th Earl Storms castle of John, Bishop of Caithness whose tongue is cut out as 'he was an informer'

 

1201 King William the Lion Marches to Caithness in revenge for John's death. Harald buys peace for 2000 merks of silver and looses Sutherland Complete Peerage                     Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1202-04 Fourth Crusade Constantinople taken and held for fifty years

 

1206 Harald the Elder 28th Earl Dies, succeeded by his son David Complete Peerage

1206 David 30th Earl and John 31st Earl Sons of Harold II joint Earls St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

1206 Thorfinn Eldest son of Harald 28th earl dies in Roxburgh Castle where he was confined as a hostage and after mutilation by King William the Lion of Scotland The Orkneyinga Saga

 

1214 Gilbert Murray, distinguished ecclesiastic Appointed Bishop of Caithness

 

1214 David, (30th Earl) Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Dies, succeeded by brother John Complete Peerage

 

1222 John, Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Does not stop the burning of Adam, Bishop of Caithness to death in Halkirk for raising tithes. Gilbert succeeds to Bishopric and moves residence from Halkirk to Dornoch Peerage of Scotland (Douglas)     Last of the Free (James Hunter)

 

1222 Alexander, King of Scotland Came to Caithness and mercilessly avenged the Bishop's murder Peerage of Scotland (Douglas)

 

1231 John, (31st Earl) Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Murdered in his own house at Thurso by his own servants. Peerage of Scotland (Douglas)

 

1232 Magnus II, (32nd Earl) Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Kinsman of John granted title Complete Peerage

 

1239 Magnus II, Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Dies, succeeded by son Gilbert (Gilbride) Earl of Stratherne and part of Caithness. Complete Peerage                         St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1244 Gilbert I, Earl of Orkney and Caithness Pledged himself to the Pope on behalf of the Treaty with England Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1245 Gilbert of Moray, Bishop of Caithness Saint, Social Worker and one of most outstanding men in the unreformed Church in Scotland, dies.

 

1256 Gilbert II 34th Earl of Orkney and Caithness Dies succeeded by son Magnus III St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1263 Haco (Hakon), King of Norway Invaded Scotland and imposes an impost on Caithness to cover his expenses

1263 01-Oct Battle of Largs Scots  with William St. Clair commanding a wing of King Alexander III's army defeat Haco. Haco supported by Magnus, son of Magnus, Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness. Haco dies in Kirkwall The Orkneyinga Saga                                                                Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1265 Battle of Lewes, England King Alexander of Scotland ordered William Sinclair of Roslin to assist the forces of the king of England Laurel Fechner

 

1273 Magnus III Dies succeeded by son Magnus IV St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1276 Magnus Created Jarl of Orkney and Earl Caithness by Magnus, King of Norway at Tunsberg Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

  1279-81 Sir William Sinclair of Rosslyn Guardian to Alexander, Prince of Scotland Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1283 05-Feb Magnus 35th Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Signs documents declaring Margaret, the Maiden of Norway, the nearest heir to the Scottish Throne Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1284 Magnus 35th Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness Dies succeeded by brother John Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1289 John 36th Earl, Earl of Caithness and Orkney Involved in proposal of marriage between Prince Edward and Princess Margaret, the Maiden of Norway and Queen of Scotland Scots Peerage (Paul)                     St Clairs of the Isles (Sinclair)

 

1290 14-Mar John, Earl of Caithness and Sir William Sinclair of Roslin Attend Parliament at Brigham to arrange marriage of Princess Margaret of Scotland to Prince Edward of England National Dictionary of Biography

1290 Margaret, Maiden of Norway Drowns off Orkney coast on her way to Scotland The Orkneyinga Saga

 

1292 10-Feb John, Earl of Caithness Refused to sit in Parliament under Balliol Peerage of Scotland (Douglas)

Sir William Sinclair of Roslin was a nominee of Balliol's National Dictionary of Biography

 

1292 13-Jun Sir William Sinclair of Roslin Swears fealty to Edward 1 of England. His son Henry also does Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1296 25-Mar Battle of Dunbar Sir William Sinclair of Rosslyn was captured and died later probably in Tower of London. Henry his son also captured and later sent to St. Briavels Castle.

Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1296 10-Jul Sir William Sinclair of Herdmanston Swears loyalty to King Edward 1 at Montrose Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1297 05-Aug John, Earl of Caithness Swore loyalty to King Edward I at Murkle in Caithness Scots Peerage (Paul)                 Complete Peerage

 

1299 07-Feb Henry Sinclair Exchanged prisoner for Sir William Fitz-Warin Scots Peerage (Paul)

 

1303 24-Feb Battle of Roslin Scots including Henry Sinclair of Rosslyn, Wallace and Comyn defeat English

 

1307 10-May Battle of Loudon Hill Robert the Bruce assisted by Henry Sinclair of Rosslyn defeat the English Laurel Fechner

1307 13-Oct Knights Templars attacked by Philip the Fair of France on charges of heresy. Fleet escapes from La Rochelle to Scotland and Portugal. Treasure and archives taken to Temple near Rosslyn

 

1st  Gen. ..........Marjory Bruce  - Princess of Scotland m. Walter Stewart (Sir)..........6th High Steward of Scotland

 

2nd Gen. ............Robert II – King of Scotland m.  Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan..................................................................

 

3rd Gen. ...........Marjory Stewart – Princess of Scotland.....................................................................

 

to .......................Eoin-Mor Macdonnall – 7th Lord of Isles...................................................................

 

4th Gen. ...........Donald Macdonnall – Lord of the Isles.....................................................................

b. at .......................................................................................

 

5th Gen. .........Alexander Macdonnall – Lord of the Isles and Earl of Ross.

 

6th Gen. .........Hugh Macdonnall.....of the Isles, second son................................................................

 

d. in 1498 ..................Scotland.....................................................................

 

7th Gen. ............... Donald-Galloch MACDONNALL......of the Isles........................................................

 

8th Gen. ............... Donald-Grammack MACDONNALL.......of the Isles. d. 1534

 

9th Gen. .................. Donald-Gorme MACDONNALL.......Heir, Titular Lord of the Isles and Knight..d. 1537

 

10th Gen. ............... Donald-Gorme MACDONNALD.....- Lord of the Isles and of Slate..d. 1585

 

11th Gen. ............. Archibald MACDONNALD........Lord of Slate Manor, Antrim..

 

12th Gen. .............. Donald MACDONNALD , Sir.......Lord of Slate;  First Baronet d. 1643

 

13th Gen. .............. James MACDONNALD  (Sir).........of Slate; Second Baronet.  d. Dec. 8, 1687.

 

14th Gen. ................ Marian MACDONNALD................................................................

married to ...........................Patrick Macgregor – Chieftan of that Ilk, who led his clansmen under Montrose in 1645 and was outlawed with his sons.  His estates were confiscated and he, and his sons, were commanded to assume other surnames.  This is when John Macgregor, his heir, became John Murray.  His second son, James, became Thomas MacGehee...****......

****.p.2.  McGehee Descendants Volume 1 By Ethel C. Woodall Grider.........Published by The Gregath Company P.O. Box 1045.  Cullman, Alabama, 35055, USA

15th Gen. ........ Thomas (MacGregor) MACKGEHEE.......Before September 1701 (when he and other outlawed Scotchmen petitioned for land in Virginia), he removed his family to Virginia and was granted land in St. John’s Parish, King William County where he resided, signing as “Thomas MackGehee one time James MackGregor, of the old countrie.”  His will;. Dated 27 July 1727, proved in this country.****

**** p.2.  McGehee Descendants Volume 1 By Ethel C. Woodall Grider.........Published by The Gregath Company P.O. Box 1045.  Cullman, Alabama, 35055, USA

b. at ....................Scotland....1624..................................................................

d. at .....................Virginia, USA....July 27, 1724..........................................................................................

m. to ........................Mary Mumford..................................................................

 

16th Gen. ............ William MCGEHEE...

b. at ........................New Kent County, Virginia.........October 10, 1689.....

married ..Mary (Carr?)................................................................

 

  17th Gen. ........John McGehee, Sr........................................................................ .....................................................................................................

b. at ....................New Kent County, Virginia...................................................................

on .......................1718................................................................... .....................................................................................................

d. at ....................New Kent County, Virginia...................................................................

on .......................1801................................................................... .....................................................................................................

m. at ................. .Louisa County, Virginia...................................................................

on .......................August 5, 1743................................................................... .....................................................................................................

to ......................Ann Graves...................................................................

 

18th  Gen. ........John McGehee, Jr   There are many records in the Louisa Co,. VA, official books pertaining to this John McGehee, and his will may be found in Will Book 7, page 64.  There was a partial division of his estate in 1827/29 and additional deeds in 1846 after the death of his widow, Mary Stewart McGehee.  Their children were all born in Louisa County, Virginia ****

**** p. 198 McGehee Descendants Volume 1 By Ethel C. Woodall Grider.........Published by The Gregath Company P.O. Box 1045.  Cullman, Alabama, 35055, USA

b. at ...................Louisa County, Virginia.....................................................................

on ......................March 15, 1749.................................................................... .....................................................................................................

d. at ...................Louisa County, Virginia....................................................................

on .....................June 4, 1825.....................................................................

married to ...................  Mary Stewart.....................................................................................................

b. at .................Louisa County, Virginia......................................................................

on ....................July 15, 1756......................................................................

d. at .................Louisa County, Virginia.....................................................................

on ..................... October 25, 1846.....................................................................

 

19th Gen. ...........Garrett Connor Mcgehee...................................................................

b. at .....................Louisa County, Virginia..................................................................

on .........................November 16, 1799.................................................................

d. at ......................Louisa County Virginia.................................................................

on ........................August 9, 1878..................................................................

m. at .................... Louisa County, VA by Parson Wm. Hiter..................................................................

on ......................... January 15, 1824.................................................................

to ............................Elizabeth Lewis Cole - direct descendent of William Cole of the 1st Continental Congress.  This qualifies us for FFV - The First Family of Virginia

b. at ........................Louisa County, Virginia...............................................................

on ...........................Feb. 7, 1804...............................................................

d. at .......................Louisa County, Virginia................................................................

on ..........................1893................................................................

 

20th Gen. .............. Alexander Stewart McGehee................................................................

b. at .........................Hanover County, Virginia..............................................................

on ............................September 16, 1826..............................................................

d. at ..........................Hanover County, Virginia.............................................................

on .............................1893.............................................................

m. at .........................Hanover County, Virginia.............................................................

on ............................. August 14, 1848.............................................................

to ..............................Mary Jane Thompson............................................................

b .............................Nov. 23, 1831.............................................................

**** Data concerning Alexander Stewart McGehee, second child listed for Garrett C. and Elizabeth Cole McHehee, is provided by Mrs. Roberta Terrell Jarvis, of Georgetown, Ky.  P. 228  in the McGehee Descendants Volume 1 By Ethel C. Woodall Grider.........Published by The Gregath Company P.O. Box 1045.  Cullman, Alabama, 35055, USA

21st Gen. ...................Francis Pierce McGehee...........................................................

b. at ..............................Spotsylvania County, Virginia.........................................................

on .................................Nov. 27, 1852......................................................... .....................................................................................................

d. at ..............................Hanover County, Virginia........................................................

on ................................ April 29, 1929..........................................................

to ………………….….Charles W. Terrell..........................................................................................

b. at ...............................Hanover County, Virginia........................................................

on .................................May 30, 1852......................................................... .....................................................................................................

d. at ..............................Hanover County, Virginia.........................................................

on .................................June 19, 1923......................................................... .....................................................................................................

22nd  Gen. ....................Earley Thomas Terrell - my grandfather

b. at ...............................Beaverdam, Virginia........................................................

on ...................................May 13, 1882.......................................................

d. at ............................. .Louisa County, Virginia.........................................................

on ..................................Jan. 7, 1967........................................................

to ...................................Ophelia Louise Harris.......................................................

b. at ...............................Louisa County, Virginia........................................................

on ..................................June 5, 1884.......................................................

d. at ...............................Ashland, Virginia.......................................................

on ...................................June 24. 1968......................................................

 

23rd  Gen. ......................James Emmett Terrell........................................................

b. at .................................Ashland, VA...................................................... .

on .....................................August 16, 1911.....................................................

d. at .................................Evansville, Indiana......................................................

on .....................................Nov. 7, 1967..................................................... .....................................................................................................

m. at .................................Greensboro, North Carolina....................................................

on .....................................October 17, 1937..................................................... .....................................................................................................

to ......................................Nannie Belle Clendenin....................................................

b. at ...................................Greensboro, North Carolina....................................................

on .....................................Dec. 18, 1910..................................................... .....................................................................................................

d. at ...................................Biloxi, Mississippi.................................................... .....................................................................................................

on ......................................April 2, 1972....................................................

24th Gen. ........................Nancy Clendenin Terrell......................................................

b. at ...................................Richmond, Virginia....................................................

on ......................................January 12, 1940...................................................

m. at ...................................Evansville, Indiana...................................................

on ........................................August 27, 1960..................................................

to ........................................Morton Franklin Longnecker, Jr  (Dr.)..................................................

b. at ....................................Winchester, Indiana...................................................

on ........................................Dec. 12, 1936..................................................

 

The Sinclair Family

English Hermit Who Gave His Name to the Norman St. Clairs.

By Frances Cowles

 

 

Clare was an English hermit in Normandy, who was martyred in the year 834 [actually 884], and became St. Clair. The town of St. Clere is near the hermit's retreat, and nearby castle also. took the name St. Clair.

 

The family which took the castle's name is of Norse origin, and like William the Norman Conqueror trace its descent through  Rollo the Viking. In the year 912 [the treaty was in 911; Rollo was baptized in 912] Charles the Simple, King of France met Rollo, who had ravaged the coasts of Normandy, at the castle of St. Clair, and there made him Duke of Normandy.

 

 Rollo's son William was called William Longsword and he had another nickname.

My information names the wife of Walderne as Margaret instead of Mary. This is perhaps the difference between French and English.

Your clipping says that William St. Clair s/o Walderne, did not like the Conqueror so with some other discontented barons, went to Scotland and placed himself in the service of King Malcolm III and his Queen St. Margaret. Since they did not marry until 1070 this puts William St. Clair into Scotland long after the conquest of 1066. So one assumes that St. Margaret was just added to the story as a fact that happened after 1066. Malcolm returned with help from England's King Edward the Confessor around 1056 to drive out MacBeth. He was coronated on St. Patrick's Day 1058.

William's son, Henry the Crusader, was born at Rosyln about 1060. This means that by 1060 William was already there in Midlothian Scotland. Pete Cumming's article (Spring 1995 Yours Aye) says "The first of the St. Clairs came into the area during the reign of Malcolm Canmore (1057) and were granted lands of the Barony Rosline during this time. During the reign of Malcolm's son David I (1124-53), the Sinclairs moved into Roslin." Now if you are to look at these last 2 sentences, there seems to be a conflict of facts. The problem is probably resolved if the Sinclairs, during the reign of David I, moved into a new building at Rosslyn.

 

Rollo, thus made the first Duke of Normandy, was the son of Rogenwald the Rich, a favorite of Harold the Fair Haired of Norway. Rollo had a son William Longwood [actually Longsword], whose son, Richard, is the direct ancestor of the Sinclairs of Norman blood, and also of William the Conqueror.

 

Richard's son, Richard, was the father of Robert, father of the Conqueror. Richard's son Malger, Robert's uncle and the Conqueror's great-uncle, was the Earl of Corbueil, and he is the ancestor of the Sinclair faimly, after it leaves the royal line.

 

The Sinclairs soon multiplied to such an extent that they could not all stay at the castle of Sinclair--or St. Clair, as it was always called in Normandy. So they were given various other castles about France. About the year 1006 at the Castle of St. Lo, was born Walderne, Earl of St. Clair, a descendant of Malger, Earl of Corbueil. Walderne, married his cousin Mary, a daughter of Richard, Duke of Normandy and had three sons. Richard, Bretel, and William, all born in Normandy.

 

However, they all went to England with the Conqueror. The youngest of the three sons, William, did not like the Conqueror, so with some other discontented barons, he went to Scotland and placed himself in the service of King Malcolm III, and his Queen St. Margaret. William married Doratha Dunbar, a daughter of the Earl of March and had Sir William St. Clair of Roslin. Sir William's great-grand-son, his namesake was sheriff of Edinburgh county, and in 1284 was a member of the Parliament of Scone. He had three sons. One of them Sir Henry, a supporter of Robert Bruce when he claimed the throne, was the ancestor of William St. Clair, third Earl of Orkney, first Earl of Caithness, and High Chancellor of Scotland from 1454 to 1458.

 

The first earl of Caithness, it is said lived like a prince. His wife, according to an old chronicler, was ``served by seventy-five gentlewomen, whereof fifty-three were daughers of noblemen, all clothed in velvets and silks, with their chains of gold and other ornaments and was attended by two hundred riding gentlemen in all journies''. They lived at Roslin castle.

 

George, the fourth earl of Caithness, their great-grandson, is the supposed ancestor of the Norman St. Clairs, or Sinclairs, in this country and the known ancestor of Gen. Arthur St. Clair, one of Washington's generals, and of John Sutherland Sinclair of North Dakota, who in 1891 became the seventeenth earl of Caithness.

 

The descent of Gen. Arthur is traced through one of George's sons, John who was the great-grandfather of General Arthur St. Clair.

 

The descent of John St. Clair, who as John Sinkler appears in Exeter, N. H., in 1656, is not certain, but it is established to the satisfaction of many who have given careful research to the subject. It is said that John, son of George, fourth earl of Caithness, had two sons James and Henry. James is the ancestor of Gen. Arthur. Henry is the probable ancestor of John Sinkler of Exeter.

 

The first known settler of the name of Sinclair, or St. Clair, on the shores of North America was Salamon, who came on the John and Sara, from London in 1651. John Sinkler, as he called himself, who was, born in Scotland about the year 1630, was in Exeter, N. H. by the year 1658; and is the second known settler of the name in America.

 

He married twice. His first wife was named Mary. His second was named Deborah. From all accounts, Deborah was a woman ahead of her time, for she formed a business contract with her husband before marriage. John respected this contract, as the first clause in his will testifies. It reads: ``I will that my debts of charges shall be paide and discharged and all my contract with my wife before marriage be performed by my Executors.''

 

John had James, Mary Sarah, another daughter, and John. These sons, James and John, are the American ancestors of most of the Sinclairs in America who once lived in Normandy.

 

Not all the Sinclairs in America, however are of Norman stock. Some of them came from Germany. One family of German descent lives in New Jersey, and was founded there at New Holland by Peter Cincleare, who chose yet another way of spelling this variously spelled name. He was born in Germany in 1719, and arrived in Philadelphia in 1753 in the St. Michael, from Hamburg. He settled on a tract of some eight thousand acres of land and for thirty-one years worked the ground as a renter. He had three children, John, Peter, and Mary.

 

John, born in Germany in 1743, eleven years before his father came to America, bought the property his father had worked, and additional lands at New Holland, and became a prosperous former. He served as a teamster in the Revolutionary war. His wife was Anna Ahlbach, or Alpock, daughter of Johan, who came from Holland in the Hope in 1743. John's son Samuel also married a young woman of Dutch descent, Permelia Vancamp, and Samuel's son, Jesse Sinclair, teacher, farmer and man of affairs, married for his first wife Catherine Welsh, also of Dutch descent.

 

In early days the name was variously spelled, Sinclare, Sinkler, Sinklaire, Sinclair and St. Clair; in the case of the German Peter, Cincleare. Nowadays it is generally spelled either St. Clair or Sinclair, although in parts of Virginia Sinklers are still found.

 

The arms of Sinclair, earl of Caithness are blazoned: Quarterly, 1st azure a ship at anchor, sails furled, oars erect in saltire, or, within a double tressure flory, counterflory of the last, for Orkney; 2 and 3 a lion rampant gules for Spar; 4th, azure a ship under sail or for Caithness. Over all a cross engrailed sable dividing the four quarters for Sinclair. The crest is a cock proper armed and crested or. The supporters are two griffins sable armed and beaked or. The motto is ``Commit thy work to God.''

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

THE TERRELLS COME INTO THE SINCLAIR LINE AT THIS POINT THROUGH MATILDA OF ORKNEY WHO DESCENDS FROM FRODI KING OF DENMARK.  FIND THIS POINT ON KINGS OF DENMARK PAGE - JACOB - KINGS OF DENMARK AND RUSSIA

Magnus III "Barelegs" King of Norway OLAVSSON

1073 - May 1103

• BIRTH: 1073

• DEATH: May 1103, ,Ireland

Father: Olav III "The Gentle" King of Norway HARALDSSON

Mother: Thora JOHNSDOTTIR

 

Family 1 : Margaret "Frithpoll" INGESDOTTIR

• MARRIAGE: 1101

1. +Eystein I "The Gentle" King of Norway MAGNUSSON

2. Ragnhild MAGNUSDOTTIR

3. Magnus "The Red" MAGNUSSON

4. +Thora MAGNUSDOTTIR

Family 2 : Thora

1. Sigurd I "The Crusader" King of Norway MAGNUSON

Family 3 : Sigrid SAXISDOTTIR

1. Olav King of Norway MAGNUSSON

Family 4 : Irish Girl

1. +Harald IV Gille King of Norway MAGNUSSON

Family 5 : Thora SAXISDOTTIR

1. Sigurd Slembi-Deacon MAGNUSSON

Eystein I "The Gentle" King of Norway MAGNUSSON

1088 - ____

• BIRTH: 1088

Father: Magnus III "Barelegs" King of Norway OLAVSSON

Mother: Margaret "Frithpoll" INGESDOTTIR

 

Family 1 : Ingibiorg GUTHORMSDOTTIR

5. Maria EYSTEINSDOTTIR

 

Magnus III "Barelegs" King of Norway OLAVSSON

1073 - May 1103

• BIRTH: 1073

• DEATH: May 1103, ,Ireland

Father: Olav III "The Gentle" King of Norway HARALDSSON

Mother: Thora JOHNSDOTTIR

 

Family 1 : Margaret "Frithpoll" INGESDOTTIR

• MARRIAGE: 1101

6. +Eystein I "The Gentle" King of Norway MAGNUSSON

7. Ragnhild MAGNUSDOTTIR

8. Magnus "The Red" MAGNUSSON

9. +Thora MAGNUSDOTTIR

Family 2 : Thora

2. Sigurd I "The Crusader" King of Norway MAGNUSON

Family 3 : Sigrid SAXISDOTTIR

2. Olav King of Norway MAGNUSSON

Family 4 : Irish Girl

2. +Harald IV Gille King of Norway MAGNUSSON

Family 5 : Thora SAXISDOTTIR

2. Sigurd Slembi-Deacon MAGNUSSON

Olav III "The Gentle" King of Norway HARALDSSON

1050 - Sep 1093

• BIRTH: 1050

• DEATH: Sep 1093

Father: Harald III Haradrada King of Norway SIGURDSSON

Mother: Thora THORBERGSDOTTIR

 

Family 1 : Ingirid SVENDSDOTTIR

Family 2 : Thora JOHNSDOTTIR

10. +Magnus III "Barelegs" King of Norway OLAVSSON

Harald III Haradrada King of Norway SIGURDSSON

1015 - Sep 1066

• BIRTH: 1015

• DEATH: Sep 1066

Father: Sigurd Sow HALFDANSSON

Mother: Asta GUDBRANDSDOTTIR

 

Family 1 : Thora THORBERGSDOTTIR

11. Magnus II King of Norway HARALDSSON

12. +Olav III "The Gentle" King of Norway HARALDSSON

Family 2 : Ellisif (Elizabeth) JAROSLAVNA

3. Maria HARALDSDOTTIR

4. Ingigerd HARALDSDOTTIR

 

Sigurd Sow HALFDANSSON

____ - 1018

• DEATH: 1018

Father: Halfdan SIGURDSSON

 

Family 1 : Asta GUDBRANDSDOTTIR

13. Guthorm SIGURDSSON

14. Gunnhild SIGURDSDOTTIR

15. Halfdan SIGURDSSON

16. Ingirid SIGURDSDOTTIR

17. +Harald III Haradrada King of Norway SIGURDSSON

Halfdan SIGURDSSON

____ - ____

Father: Sigurd a-Bush Underking of Trondheim HARALDSSON

 

Family 1 :

18. +Sigurd Sow HALFDANSSON

Sigurd a-Bush Underking of Trondheim HARALDSSON

____ - ABT 0937

• DEATH: ABT 0937

Father: Harald I "Fairhair" HALFDANSSON

Mother: Snaefrid (Snowfair) SWASISDOTTIR

 

Family 1 :

19. +Halfdan SIGURDSSON

•

Father: Halfdan SIGURDSSON

 

Family 1 : Asta GUDBRANDSDOTTIR

20. Guthorm SIGURDSSON

21. Gunnhild SIGURDSDOTTIR

22. Halfdan SIGURDSSON

23. Ingirid SIGURDSDOTTIR

24. +Harald III Haradrada King of Norway SIGURDSSON

Harald III Haradrada King of Norway SIGURDSSON

1015 - Sep 1066

• BIRTH: 1015

• DEATH: Sep 1066

Father: Sigurd Sow HALFDANSSON

Mother: Asta GUDBRANDSDOTTIR

 

Family 1 : Thora THORBERGSDOTTIR

25. Magnus II King of Norway HARALDSSON

26. +Olav III "The Gentle" King of Norway HARALDSSON

Family 2 : Ellisif (Elizabeth) JAROSLAVNA

5. Maria HARALDSDOTTIR

6. Ingigerd HARALDSDOTTIR

Olav III "The Gentle" King of Norway HARALDSSON

1050 - Sep 1093

• BIRTH: 1050

• DEATH: Sep 1093

Father: Harald III Haradrada King of Norway SIGURDSSON

Mother: Thora THORBERGSDOTTIR

 

Family 1 : Ingirid SVENDSDOTTIR

Family 2 : Thora JOHNSDOTTIR

27. +Magnus III "Barelegs" King of Norway OLAVSSON

Magnus III "Barelegs" King of Norway OLAVSSON

1073 - May 1103

• BIRTH: 1073

• DEATH: May 1103, ,Ireland

Father: Olav III "The Gentle" King of Norway HARALDSSON

Mother: Thora JOHNSDOTTIR

 

Family 1 : Margaret "Frithpoll" INGESDOTTIR

• MARRIAGE: 1101

28. +Eystein I "The Gentle" King of Norway MAGNUSSON

29. Ragnhild MAGNUSDOTTIR

30. Magnus "The Red" MAGNUSSON

31. +Thora MAGNUSDOTTIR

Family 2 : Thora

7. Sigurd I "The Crusader" King of Norway MAGNUSON

Family 3 : Sigrid SAXISDOTTIR

3. Olav King of Norway MAGNUSSON

Family 4 : Irish Girl

3. +Harald IV Gille King of Norway MAGNUSSON

Family 5 : Thora SAXISDOTTIR

3. Sigurd Slembi-Deacon MAGNUSSON

Eystein I "The Gentle" King of Norway MAGNUSSON

1088 - ____

• BIRTH: 1088

Father: Magnus III "Barelegs" King of Norway OLAVSSON

Mother: Margaret "Frithpoll" INGESDOTTIR

 

Family 1 : Ingibiorg GUTHORMSDOTTIR

32. Maria EYSTEINSDOTTIR

Magnus III "Barelegs" King of Norway OLAVSSON

1073 - May 1103

• BIRTH: 1073

• DEATH: May 1103, ,Ireland

Father: Olav III "The Gentle" King of Norway HARALDSSON

Mother: Thora JOHNSDOTTIR

 

Family 1 : Margaret "Frithpoll" INGESDOTTIR

• MARRIAGE: 1101

33. +Eystein I "The Gentle" King of Norway MAGNUSSON

34. Ragnhild MAGNUSDOTTIR

35. Magnus "The Red" MAGNUSSON

36. +Thora MAGNUSDOTTIR

Family 2 : Thora

8. Sigurd I "The Crusader" King of Norway MAGNUSON

Family 3 : Sigrid SAXISDOTTIR

4. Olav King of Norway MAGNUSSON

Family 4 : Irish Girl

4. +Harald IV Gille King of Norway MAGNUSSON

Family 5 : Thora SAXISDOTTIR

4. Sigurd Slembi-Deacon MAGNUSSON

Margaret "Frithpoll" INGESDOTTIR

____ - Nov 1130

• DEATH: Nov 1130

Father: Inge I STENKILSSON

Mother: Helen

 

Family 1 : Magnus III "Barelegs" King of Norway OLAVSSON

• MARRIAGE: 1101

37. +Eystein I "The Gentle" King of Norway MAGNUSSON

38. Ragnhild MAGNUSDOTTIR

39. Magnus "The Red" MAGNUSSON

40. +Thora MAGNUSDOTTIR

Family 2 : Niels King of Denmark SVENDSSON

• MARRIAGE: ABT 1105

9. +Magnus NIELSON

10. Inge of Denmark NIELSON

Matilda of Orkney

born:

died:

Father: Magnus III, Earl of Orkney

Mother:

 

Spouse: William St. Clair, Baron of Rosslyn

 

Children:

1. Sir Henry St. Clair, Baron of Rosslyn

 

Sir Henry St. Clair, Baron of Rosslyn

born: abt 1222

died: abt 1270

Father: Sir Henry St. Clair

Mother: Katherine of Strathearn

 

Spouse: Margaret of Mar

 

Children:

1. William St. Clair, Baron of Rosslyn

 

William St. Clair, Baron of Rosslyn

born: abt 1252

died: abt 1300

Sheriff of Edinburgh

Father: Sir Henry St. Clair, Baron of Rosslyn

Mother: Margaret of Mar

 

Spouse: Matilda of Orkney –

 

 

 

HERE THE LINE OF THE ST. CLAIRS CONNECTS WITH THE PLANTAGENET LINE AND GOES ON TO ANNE MARNEY.  THE DOUGLAS LINE OF SCOTLAND, OF WHICH THE CLENDENINS ARE A SEPT, IS RELATED TO THE TERRELL LINE THROUGH THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH THE ST. CLAIR FAMILY.  THE SINCLAIR FAMILY OWNS ROSSLYN CHAPEL WHERE THE TREASURE OF THE KNIGHTS TEMPELAR IS STORED.  THIS GIVES A DIRECT LINE TO THE FOUNDERS OF THE ROSE CROSS AS WELL AS THE TEMPELARS.

 

1. Nancy Clendenin Terrell –

b. Jan. 12, 1940 in Richmond, Virginia

m. Morton Franklin Longnecker, Jr. on Aug. 27, 1960

son - Gregory Stuart Longnecker

son - Michael Emmett Longnecker

brother - James Emmett Terrell, Jr.  Architect in Manhattan, NY

Bachelor of Arts Degree in Education from DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana, 1961

Master of Arts Degree in Education from Univ. of Southern Miss.  Hattiesburg, Ind. 1980

Romper Room Teacher on ABC - TV - 1968 - 1973

Interviewer for General Electric Cablevision for MS., AL., LA & FL from '73 – 75

Outstanding Young Women of America – “73 - 75

Manager Ocean Springs Chamber of Commerce 1976

Master Weaver at Worlds Fair in New Orleans - 1984 (Public Exhibition at Biloxi Cultural Center '82

Journalist for International/Caribbean newspapers 1992 -

Member of the Royal British Virgin Islands Yacht Club & The West End BVI Yacht Club

2.  James Emmett Terrell -

b. August 16, 1911 Ashland, VA –

d. Nov. 7, 1967 Evansville, Indiana

m. to Nannie Belle Clendenin, Greensboro, NC.  1937

Attended William & Mary College, Williamsburg, VA

Was Senior Vice President of Mead Johnson & Co. a division of Bristol Meyers Pharmaceuticals

Elder in the 1st Presbyterian Church; Lions Club; Kiwanis Club; Evansville Country Club

3.Earley Thomas Terrell

b. May 13, 1882 married Ophelia Louise Harris

1. Earley Thomas Terrell Married to Eugenia Jackson Beazley (Aunt Jean)

2. James Emmett Terrell b. Aug. 16, 1911 m. Nannie Belle Clendenin

2. Francis Nelson Terrell b. Jan 14, 1915 d. Nov. 5 1972 m.  Henry Drewry Kerr, Jr.

Martha Louise Terrell b. June 22, 1920 m.  Nathan Lenoir Riddle.  

4.Charles Thomas W. Terrell

b. May 30, 1852

d. June 19, 1929

m.  Fannie Pierce McGehee She was born on Nov. 27, 1852 and was a daughter of Alexander Stewart McGehee 16 Sep 1826  and Mary Jane Thompson 1854  She died at Beaver Dam, Hanover County, Va. They were the parents of five sons.  

1. Dr. Emmett Herman Terrell b. May 10, 1878 m. Daisy Ellett

2. Hervey Rosser Terrell b. Aug 20, 1880 d. Jan 10, 1920 married Lucy Vaughan b. Jan 22. 1880 (my Aunt Lucy that cat Miss Lucy was named after.  What a great lady she was)

3. Joseph Stuart Terrell b. Oct. 18, 1886 married Y. Winfrey (Uncle Joe)

4. Charles Pierce Terrell b. Sept. 6, 1892 m. Mabel C. Billups

5. Earley Thomas Terrell b. May 13, 1882 m. Ophelia Louise Harris

5.Joseph Carr Terrell

b. Dec. 7, 1807

d. September 28,  1864

m.  Ann Lewis Terrell (cousin) on Aug. 3, 1845 in Hanover County, Virginia.  Anne was born on May 10, 1817 and died May 21, 1880.  They had four children-

 

Father: Joseph Zachary TERRELL

Mother: Martha Washington HARRIS

 

 

6.David Terrell

b. August 19, 1782

d. April 19, 1819

m.  Mary Henley Thompson, daughter of Richard Thompson and Jane Banks

1. Joseph Carr Terrell b. Dec. 7, 1807 married Ann Terrell

David TERRELL

Father: Joseph TERRELL

Mother: Elizabeth MILLS

________________________________________

                    _Joseph TERRELL _

 _Joseph TERRELL __|

|                  |_________________

|

|--David TERRELL

|

|                   _________________

|_Elizabeth MILLS _|

                   |_________________

 

9.Joseph Terrell Jr. – was a Revolutionary soldier.  Served as a Private in the 3rd, 4th, 5th & 7th Regiments of the Virginia Line (from “William and Timothy Terrell, Colonial Virginians, Barnhill, Celeste Jane p.6). Had 11 Children

 

This was also taken from the Bible records of Mrs. Ann Atkinson Parr, Ashland, VA

 

 b. Jan. 28, 1745

d. April 9, 1787-

m. Elizabeth Mills

b. Jan 26, 1747

d. Nov. 22, 1833

 

10.  Joseph TERRELL

• BIRTH: 28 Jan 1744/45

• DEATH: 9 Apr 1787

Father: Joseph TERRELL

 

Family 1: Elizabeth MILLS

1. +Charles TERRELL

2. John TERRELL

3. David TERRELL

4. Richard TERRELL

________________________________________

                   _Timothy TERRELL __

 _Joseph TERRELL _|

|                 |_Elizabeth FOSTER _

|

|--Joseph TERRELL

|

|                  ___________________

|_________________|

                  |___________________

 

10. Joseph Terrell b. 1699 New Kent County -  owned lands in Hanover County as early as 1729 and    purchased more in 1735.  He married Elisabeth Mills

William Terrell

Timothy Terrell

Anne Terrell

Joseph Terrell Jr. b. Jan 28, 1745

• BIRTH: 16 Nov 1699, New Kent Co., VA.

Father: Timothy TERRELL

Mother: Elizabeth FOSTER

 

Family 1:

1. +Joseph TERRELL

________________________________________

                     _Richmond TERRELL I_

 _Timothy TERRELL __|

|                   |____________________

|

|--Joseph TERRELL

|

|                    _John FOSTER _______

|_Elizabeth FOSTER _|

                    |____________________

 

11. Timothy Terrell

b. 1658 at York Co., VA,

 

d. after 1720

married Elizabeth Foster   . Mar 1686 St. Peter's Par., New Kent Co., VA,

2 Timothy TERRELL b. 1658 Elizabeth FOSTER b. 1665/1670 New Kent Co., VA,

  dau. of John FOSTER

  21 Elizabeth TERRELL b.c. 1685 New Kent Co., m. 20 Apr 1705 Middlesex

     Co., VA, Joseph ANDREWS

  22 Mary TERRELL b. 3 Jan 1688/89 New Kent Co., m. 31 Jul 1711

     Middlesex Co., John MARSTON

  23 William TERRELL b.c. 1691 New Kent Co.

  24 Mary TERRELL b.c. 1692 New Kent Co.

  25 Timothy TERRELL b.c. 1693 New Kent Co.

  26 Joel TERRELL b.c. 1693 New Kent Co.

  27 Robert TERRELL Sr. b. 19 Sep 1697 New Kent Co., d. bef 23 Mar 1786

     Orange Co., VA, m. Mary FOSTER b.c. 1701 New Kent Co., d. 1783/86,

     dau. of John FOSTER and Ann MOORE.  Will dated 13 Feb 1786,

     probated 23 Mar 1786

    271 Robert TERRELL Jr. b.c. 1725 New Kent Co., d.c. 1800 Lincoln

        Co., KY, m.c. 1750 Culpeper Co., VA, Judith TOWLES

    272 Sarah TERRELL b.c. 1725, d. bef 23 Mar 1786, m.     MURRAY

            Lyda MURRAY

            Elizabeth MURRAY

    273 Ann TERRELL b.c. 1727 VA, d. bef 23 Mar 1786, m.    MOORE

           Francis MOORE

           Bernard MOORE

           Alexander MOORE

           William MOORE

    274 John TERRELL b.c. 1727, d.c. 1803 Madison Co., VA, m. Elizabeth

        Ann TOWLES

    275 Mary TERRELL b.c. 1729 Orange Co., VA, d. bef. 1789, m.c. 1748

        Joshua HUDSON b.c. 1727, d. 20 Apr 1801, Amherst Co., VA, son

        of Rush HUDSON and Sarah Willis WOODS

    276 William TERRELL b. 27 Jun 1735 Culpeper Co., VA, d.c. 1830, m.

        23 Nov 1780 Nancy Ann DANIEL

    277 Edmund TERRELL b. 23 May 1740 Orange Co., VA m. 26 Nov 1760

        Margaret "Peggy" WILLIS

    278 Elizabeth TERRELL b.c. 1742 VA, d. bef. 13 Feb 1786 VA, m.c.

        1762 Reuben RUCKER

         Ephraim RUCKER

         Reuben RUCKER

         Mary RUCKER m.     CREED

         Elizabeth RUCKER m.  HERRING

    279 Jane TERRELL b.c. 1744 VA, m. Joseph BISHOP

    27X Reuben TERRELL b.c. 1745 VA, d.c. 12 Jan 1776 Albemarle Co.,

        VA, m. 14 May 1771 Orange Co., VA, Mildred WALKER

  28 Joseph TERRELL b. 16 Nov 1699 New Kent Co.

 

 

 

12. William Tyrell b. June 1629 – 1729  in Reading Berkshire, England.  

Married Martha Williams – 1634 c.1650; Joane Godfrey (1633-1677) & Anna Cook 12/7/1677

Timothy Terrell b. 1658 http://xenon.triode.net.au/~dragon/ft/t-montgu.txt

. William TYRELL (1629-1729) of Reading, Berks.;

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       d.New Kent, VA, USA [39,43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Martha WILLIAMS (1634); c.1650 [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Joane GODFREY (1633-1677); 12/24/1676 [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Anna COOK; 12/7/1677, NC, USA [43]

child – Margaret Tyrell

child – Mary Terrell (see wm tyrell back) 1654 – 1677

a..

a.. ID: I488

a.. Name: Robert TYRRELL

a.. Sex: M

a.. Birth: 1594

a.. Death: 1643

a.. Change Date: 15 MAR 1999

 

Father: William TYRRELL

Mother: Margaret RICHMOND

 

Marriage 1 Jane BALDWIN b: 1617

Children

  1..  John TYRRELL b: 25 JUN 1618

  2..  Robert TYRRELL b: 14 NOV 1619

  3..  Mary TYRRELL b: 1621

  4..  Margaret TYRRELL b: 7 AUG 1623

  5..  Richmond TYRRELL b: 17 OCT 1624

  6..  John TYRRELL b: 5 APR 1626

  7..  Charles TYRRELL b: 9 NOV 1627

  8..  William TYRRELL b: 22 JUN 1629

  9..  Timothy TYRRELL b: 22 JUN 1631

13. Robert Tyrrell  BIRTH: ABT. 1600, St. Giles Parish, Reading, England  DEATH: 12 Jun 1643

Jane Baldwin b. 1590 d. 1661

1. William Terrell b. June 1629

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Robert TYRRELL (1594-1643) b&d.Reading, Berks.[39,43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Jane BALDWIN; 24/6/1617, Reading, Berkshire [39,43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Margaret TYRRELL (c.1618) of Reading, Berks. [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Thomas WARNER [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Roger TYRRELL (?-1683), Reading, Berkshire;

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         d.Milford, CT, USA [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Abigail UFFORD; 1638, Milford, CT, USA [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Robert TYRRELL (1619-1677) of Reading, Berks.;

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    d.London [39,43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marie TYRRELL (1620) of Reading, Berks. [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +John MEWE [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Richmond TERRELL (1624-1680) of Reading, Berks.;

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       New Kent Co, VA, USA [39,43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Ann OVERTON (1625) [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Elizabeth ? (1631); 1649 [39,43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . William TERRELL (1659-1743), New Kent Co, VA;

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      d.Hanover Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Susannah WATERS (?-1734) [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Joel TERRELL of New Kent Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anne TERRELL (1695-1734), New Kent Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +David LEWIS; 1717, Hanover Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . William LEWIS (1718) of Hanover Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Susannah LEWIS (1720) of Hanover Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hannah LEWIS (1722) of Hanover Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sarah LEWIS (1724) of Hanover Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . David LEWIS (1726) of Hanover Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . John LEWIS (1728-1784) of Hanover Co, VA;

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       d.Albemarle Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Sarah TALIAFERRO; 1750,Albemarle Co, VA[39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Robert LEWIS (1752-1799),Albemarle Co [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Taliaferro LEWIS (1755-1810),Alb. Co [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . John LEWIS (1757),Albemarle Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mildred LEWIS (1759),Albemarle Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charles LEWIS (1761),Albemarle Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jesse LEWIS (1763),Albemarle Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Richard LEWIS (1765),Albemarle Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frances LEWIS (1767),Albemarle Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +William TWITTY; 1784,Rutherford Co,NC [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Henry LEWIS (1767),Albemarle Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Joel LEWIS (1730) of Hanover Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anna LEWIS (1733) of Hanover Co, VA [39]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . William TYRRELL (1629-1729) of Reading, Berks.;

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       d.New Kent, VA, USA [39,43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Martha WILLIAMS (1634); c.1650 [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Joane GODFREY (1633-1677); 12/24/1676 [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Anna COOK; 12/7/1677, NC, USA [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Timothy TYRRELL (1631-1656) of Reading, Berks. [43]

: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +Dorothy COLLARD (1630) of Barnstone, Essex [43]

2.

14. William Tyrrell b. 1552, Eng. Died Aug 1595 married Margaret Richmond b. 1555 in Stewley,

Bucks, England.

1.  Robert Terrell b. 1600 married Jane Baldwin

15. George Tyrrell b. 1530 Essex, Eng. Died May 16, 1571 married Eleanor Elizabeth Montague b. 1530

1.  William Terrell b. 1552 married Margaret Richmond

16. Humphrey Tyrrell b. about 1490, Eng.  Died Jan. 15, 1547/48 England

Married Jane Ingleton b. about 1498, England

1. George Tyrrell b. 1530 married Eleanor Elizabeth Montague

Jane INGLETON

• BIRTH: ABT. 1498, England

Father: John INGLETON

 

Family 1: Humphrey TYRRELL

• MARRIAGE: 1519

 

 

Family 2: Humphrey TYRRELL

• MARRIAGE: 1519, England

 

1. +George TYRRELL

Family 3: Humphrey TYRRELL

• MARRIAGE: 1519

 

1. +George Tyrrell Of THORNTON

Family 4: Humphrey TYRRELL

• MARRIAGE: 1519

 

________________________________________

                  __

 _John INGLETON _|

|                |__

|

|--Jane INGLETON

|

|                 __

|________________|

                 |__

2.

20 William Tyrrell b. about 1465, England married Elizabeth Bodley

William TYRRELL

• BIRTH: of Ockendon

Father: Thomas TYRRELL

Mother: Elizabeth LEBRUN

 

Family 1: Elizabeth BODLEY

1. +Humphrey TYRRELL

2. Humphrey TYRRELL

3. Humphrey TYRRELL

________________________________________

                     _Thomas TYRRELL _

 _Thomas TYRRELL ___|

|                   |_Anna MARNEY ____

|

|--William TYRRELL

|

|                    _________________

|_Elizabeth LEBRUN _|

                    |_________________

 

1. Humphrey Tyrrell b. 1490 married Jane Ingleton

William Tyrell [Sir Knight] [Sir Knight]

1The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Ancestral File (TM) (July 1996 (c), data as of 2 January 1996), Family History Library, 35 N West Temple Street, Salt Lake City, UT 84150 USA.

William Tyrell [Sir Knight] [Sir Knight] 1 married Eleanor Darcy about 1441 in of, Heron, Essex, England.

Eleanor Darcy [Parents] 1 was born about 1421 in of, Heron, Essex, England. She died 1476. Eleanor married William Tyrell [Sir Knight] [Sir Knight] about 1441 in of, Heron, Essex, England.

 MARGARET TYRELL was born about 1400 in WOODHALL MANOR, GREAT SAMPFORD, ESSEX, ENGLAND. Parents: WILLIAM TYRELL.

Children were: RICHARD HUNTINGTON, THOMAS HUNTINGTON, ELIZABETH HUNTINGTON.

2.

19 . Thomas Tyrrell II  b. about 1430 d. about 1490 married Elizabeth Le Brun b. about 1430 Brun. South Ockendon, England d. 1473, England

Thomas TYRRELL (Sir)

• TITLE: Sir

Father: Thomas TYRRELL

Mother: Anna MARNEY

 

Family 1: Elizabeth LEBRUN

1. +William TYRRELL

________________________________________

                   _John TYRRELL ________

 _Thomas TYRRELL _|

|                 |_Alice DE COGGESHALL _

|

|--Thomas TYRRELL

|

|                  _John MARNEY _________

|_Anna MARNEY ____|

                  |_Agnes Throckmorton___

 

18.  Thomas Tyrrell  m.  Anne Marney b.  1410

17. John Marney m. Agnes Throckmorton

16. William Marney m. Elizabeth Serjeaux

15. Richard Serjeaux m. Phillippa Fitzalan (from here there are all of the Kings of Scotland) I'll put that in another document

16. Despenser, Isabel - Married 1321 to Fitzalan, Richard, Earl of Arundel 10th who descends from Alan Fitz Flaad - Royal Kings of Scotland

Father: Despenser, Hugh the younger le, Lord le Despenser

Mother: de Clare, Eleanor, b. OCT 1292

Child 1: Arundel, Edmund

Child 2: Fitzalan, Mary

Child 3: Fitzalan, Eleanor, b. CIR 1355

Child 4 - Fitzalan, Philippa

13. de Clare, Eleanor  Born: OCT 1292, Caerphilly Castle, Glamorgan Died: 30 JUN 1337

Father: de Clare, Gilbert "the Red", Earl Gloucester 3rd, b. 2 SEP 1243

Mother: , Joan of Acre, Princess, b. 1272

Married 1306, Westminster to Despenser, Hugh the younger le, Lord le Despenser

Child 1: Despenser, Isabel

Child 2: Despenser, Hugh le, Lord le Despenser, b. ABT 1308

Child 3: Despenser, Edward le

Child 4: de Despencer, Elizabeth  Married 1327 to de Mortimer, William la Zouche

12. Joan of Acre, Princess of England Born: 1272, Acre, Palestine Died: 23 APR 1307,   Clare,Suffolk,England  Interred: 26 APR 1307, Priory Church of the Austin Friars,Clare

Notes: Countess of Gloucester and Hertford. Her father had arranged for her to be

married to Amadeus of Savoy, but she had already secretly married to Ralph, a member of the Kings household.

Father: , Edward I (Longshanks), King of England, b. 17 JUN 1239

Mother: , Eleanor of Castile, Cts de Ponthieu, b. ABT 1244

Associated with , Herman

Married 30 APR 1290, Westminster Abbey, London, England to de Clare, Gilbert "the Red", Earl Gloucester 3rd

Child 1: de Clare, Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester, b. 10 MAY 1291

Child 2: de Clare, Eleanor, b. OCT 1292

Child 3: de Clare, Margaret, b. OCT 1292

Child 4: de Clare, Elizabeth, b. 16 SEP 1295

Married JAN 1297 to de Monthermer, Ralph, Baron, Earl of Hertford

Child 5: de Monthermer, Mary, b. 1298

Child 6: de Monthermer, Thomas, Baron Monthermer 2nd, b. 1301

Child 7: de Monthermer, Edward, Baron Monthermer 3rd, b. 1304

Child 8: de Monthermer, Joan, Nun at Amesbury

Associated with de Savoie, Amadeus V the Great, Count of Savoy

For further information see also these other records

• presidents0669

 

11.  Edward I (Longshanks), King of England

Born: 17 JUN 1239, Westminster Palace, London, England

Acceded: 19 AUG 1274, Westminster Abbey, London, England

Died: 7 JUL 1307, Burgh-on-the-Sands, Near Carlisle

Interred: Westminster Abbey, London, England

Notes:

Reigned 1272-1307

In the Barons war 1264-67 he defeated the Barons at Evesham (1265) as King

he is noted for encouraging Parliamentary institutions at the expense of

feudalism and for subduing Wales on which he imposed the English system of

administration. He later tried to assert his authority over Scotland and died

while on his way to fight Robert Bruce from whom the Terrells are also descended

Father: , Henry III, King of England, b. 1 OCT 1207

Mother: Berenger, Eleanor of Provence, b. ABT 1217

Married 18 OCT 1254, Abbey of Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile to , Eleanor of Castile, Cts de Ponthieu

Child 1: , Eleanor, Princess, b. 17 JUN 1264

Child 2: , Joan, b. 1265

Child 3: , John, b. 10 JUL 1266

Child 4: , Henry, b. 13 JUL 1267

Child 5: , Julian (Katherine), b. 1271

Child 6: , Joan of Acre, Princess, b. 1272

Child 7: , Alfonso, Earl of Chester, b. 24 NOV 1273

Child 8: , Margaret, b. 11 SEP 1275

Child 9: , Berengaria, b. 1276

Child 10: , Mary, Nun at Amesbury, b. 11 MAR 1278

Child 11: , Isabella, b. 12 MAR 1279

Child 12: , Alice, b. 12 MAR 1279

Child 13: , Elizabeth (Isabel), Princess, b. 7 AUG 1282

Child 14: , Edward II of Caernarvon, King of England, b. 25 APR 1284

Child 15: , Beatrice, b. ABT 1286

Child 16: , Blanche, b. 1290

Married 10 SEP 1299, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent to Hardi, Marguerite of France le

Child 17: Plantagenet, Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, b. 1 JUN 1300

Child 18: Plantagenet, Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of Kent 1, b. 5 AUG 1301

Child 19: , Eleanor, b. 4 MAY 1306

Child 20: Botetourt, John, Lord of Mendlesham, b. CIR 1265

For further information see also these other records

• presidents0963

presidents0672

10.  Henry III, King of England Born: 1 OCT 1207, Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England

Acceded: 28 OCT 1216, Gloucester Cathedral

Died: 16 NOV 1272, Westminster Palace, London, England

Interred: Westminster Abbey, London, England

Notes:  Reigned 1216-1272. A minor when he took the throne he did not take the reigns

of Government himself until 1234. Baronian discontent simmered, boiling over

in 1258 when Henry facing financial disaster attempted to raise large sums

from his magnates. Reforms were agreed upon but then renouced by Henry. Simon

de Montford lead a rebellion against the King (the Barons Wars) which was

defeated after initial success, thereafter Hnery ceeded much of his power to

his son. Burke say he was born 10 Oct 1206 and married 14 Jan, crowned 1216.

Father: , John I Lackland, King of England, b. 24 DEC 1167

Mother: Taillefer, Isabella of Angoulême, Queen of England, b. ABT 1188

Married 14 JAN 1236, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent to Berenger, Eleanor of Provence

Child 1: , Edward I (Longshanks), King of England, b. 17 JUN 1239

Child 2: , Margaret, b. 29 SEP 1240

Child 3: , Beatrice, b. 25 JUN 1242

Child 4: Plantagenet, Edmund Crouchback Leicester, Earl of Leicester, b. 16 JAN 1245

Child 5: , Richard, b. ABT 1247

Child 6: , John, b. ABT 1250

Child 7: , William, b. ABT 1252

Child 8: , Katherine, a Mute, b. 25 NOV 1253

Child 9: , Henry, b. AFT 1256

18. John I Lackland, King of England

Born: 24 DEC 1167, Beaumont Palace,Oxford,England

Acceded: 27 MAY 1199, Westminster Abbey, London, England

Died: 19 OCT 1216, Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire

Interred: Worcester Cathedral

Notes:

Reigned 1199-1216. Signed Magna Carta in 1215 at Runnymede.

His reign saw renewal of war with Phillip II Augustus of France to whom he has

lost several continental possessions including Normandy by 1205. He came into

conflict with his Barons and was forced to Sign the Magna Carta. His later

repudiation of the charter led to the first barons war 1215-17 during which

John died. Burke says he was born in 1160.

King of Ireland 1177, Count of Mortain 1189, Earl of Gloucester.

Father: FitzEmpress, Henry II Curtmantle, King of England, b. 25 MAR 1133

Mother: , Eleanor of Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine, b. ABT 1122

Married 29 AUG 1189, Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire Divorce 1199 to de Clare, Isabella, of Gloucester, Countess of Gloucester

Married 24 AUG 1200, Bordeaux to Taillefer, Isabella of Angoulême, Queen of England

Child 1: , Henry III, King of England, b. 1 OCT 1207

Child 2: , Richard of Cornwall, Earl of Cornwall, b. 5 JAN 1209

Child 3: , Joan, b. 22 JUL 1210

Child 4: , Isabella (Elizabeth), Empress of Germany, b. 1214

Child 5: , Eleanor, b. 1215

Associated with Ferrers, Agatha

Child 6: , Joan of England

Associated with de Warenne, Suzanne

Child 7: FitzJohn, Richard of Dover, Baron of Chilham

Associated with de Tracy, Hawise

Child 8: , Oliver

Child 9: Gifford, Osbert

Child 10: FitzRoy, Geoffrey

Child 11: Courcy, John FitzJohn, Knight or Clerk o lincoln

Child 12: FitzRoy, Odo (Eudo)

Child 13: , Ivo

Child 14: , Henry

Child 15: , Richard, Constable Wallingford Csl

Child 16: , Matilda, Abbess of Barking

Child 17: Blanche, Isabella la

For further information see also these other records

presidents0648

8.  FitzEmpress, Henry II Curtmantle, King of England

http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/Images/royal1371.gifhttp://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/Images/royal1371.gif

 

Born: 25 MAR 1133, Le Mans, Anjou

Acceded: 19 DEC 1154, Westminster Abbey, London, England

Died: 6 JUL 1189, Chinon Castle, France

Interred: Fontevraud Abbey, France

Notes:

Reigned 1154-1189. He ruled an empire that stretched from the Tweed to the

Pyrenees. In spite of frequent hostilities with the French King his own

family and rebellious Barons (culminating in the great revolt of 1173-74) and

his quarrel with Thomas Becket, Henry maintained control over his possessions

until shortly before his death. His judicial and administrative reforms which

increased Royal control and influence at the expense of the Barons were of

great constitutional importance. Introduced trial by Jury. Duke of Normandy.

Father: Plantagenet, Geoffrey V the Fair, Count of Anjou and Maine, b. 24 AUG 1113

Mother: , Matilda the Empress, Queen of England, b. ABT 1103/04

Married 18 MAY 1152, Bordeaux Cathedral, Bordeaux, France to , Eleanor of Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine

Child 1: , William, Count of Poitiers, b. 17 AUG 1152

Child 2: , Henry the Young King, King of England, b. 28 FEB 1155

Child 3: , Matilda (Maud), b. JUN 1156

Child 4: , Richard I Coeur de Lion, King of England, b. 8 SEP 1157

Child 5: Plantagenet, Geoffrey II of Bretagne, Duke of Brittany, b. 23 SEP 1158

Child 6: Plantagenet, Eleanor, b. 13 OCT 1162

Child 7: Plantagenet, Joan, b. OCT 1165

Child 8: , John I Lackland, King of England, b. 24 DEC 1167

Associated with Clifford, Rosamund (Joan)

Child 9: Plantagenet, Geoffrey, Archbishop of York, b. ABT 1159

Child 10: Longespée, William of Salisbury, Earl of Salisbury, b. AFT 1160

Child 11: , Peter

Associated with Capet, Alisa

Child 12: , daughter

Child 13: , three children

Associated with Bloet, Nesta

Child 14: , Morgan of Beverley, Provost of Beverley

Associated with de Porhoët, Alice

Child 15: , child, b. ABT 1168

Child 16: , Matilda of Barking, Abbess of Barking

Child 17: , Hugh of Wells, Bishop of Lincoln

Child 18: , Richard

7.  Matilda the Empress, Queen of England

Born: ABT 1103/04, Winchester, England

Acceded: APR 1141

Died: 10 SEP 1167, Abbey of Notre Dame des Prés, Rouen

Interred: Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, France

Notes:

She was designated Henry's heir, and on his death (1135), Stephen seized the

throne and Matilda invaded England (1139) inaugurating a period of

inconclusive civil war. She and he second husband (Geoffrey) captured Normandy

and in 1152 the Treaty of Wallingford recognized Henry as Stephen's heir.

Burke says she was betrothed in her eight year (1119) to Henry.

Father: , Henry I Beauclerc, King of England, b. ABT SEP 1068

Mother: , Matilda (Edith) of Scotland, b. 1079/80

Married 7 JAN 1114, Mainz, Germany to , Henry V of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor

Married 22 MAY 1128, Le Mans Cathedral, Anjou to Plantagenet, Geoffrey V the Fair, Count of Anjou and Maine

Child 1: FitzEmpress, Henry II Curtmantle, King of England, b. 25 MAR 1133

Child 2: , Geoffrey VI of Anjou, Count of Nantes & Anjou, b. 1 JUN 1134

Child 3: , William, Count of Poitou, b. 1136

 

 

 

 

,

4509557847.jpg

I hate to be the bearer of bad news but what you learned in school about Christopher Columbus being the first person to discover America was totally wrong.  Historians have now proved that Henry Sinclair, 1st Earl of Orkney, Baron of Roslin, and Lord of Shetland (c.1345-c.1400), was a Scottish nobleman who landed in North America one hundred years before Columbus.  His grave is at the left above.  He is sometimes identified by the alternate spelling Henry St. Clair.

 

Prince Henry undertook early explorations of Greenland and North America in about the year 1398. According to a biography published many years after his death, he died in battle against the English around the year 1400.  In the 19th century, he was identified by one historian as being the prince Zichmni described in letters written around the year 1400 by the Zeno brothers of Venice, in which they describe a voyage throughout the North Atlantic under the command of Zichmni. Henry (Zichmni) traveled not only to Greenland but to present-day Nova Scotia, where he  founded a settlement among the Micmac Indians, and explored as far south as present-day Massachusetts and Rhode Island. He was responsible for the building of the Newport Tower.  The Westfield Knight was part of his entourage.

 

-That the letters and map ascribed to the Zeno brothers and published in 1558 are authentic.

-That the voyage described in the letters taken by Zichmni/Sinclair around the year 1398 actually reached North America.

 

 

 

4510507301.gif 4510507317.jpg 4510507322.gif 4510507353.jpg

on the far left is Prince Henry Sinclair's grave.  Next at the top is the portrail of Prince Henry in a movie of the period.  His sword and shield are in the pictures below and I have viewed them in MA.  Above is the Westford Museum.  Below is Prince Henry's map.  So your ancestors actually were among the first white men to settle in the new world.  Eric the Viking was the 1st.

Above is Rosslyn Chapel built by Prince Henri Sinclair  For a great page on this please visit -  Knights Templar http://www.rosslyntemplars.org.uk/introduction.htm

 

Descendants of Joan of Acre - DAUGHTER OF KING EDWARD I

1 Joan of Acre 1272 - 1307

.... +Ralph de Monthermere

2 Mary de Monthermere

2 Thomas de Monthermere

2 Joan de Monthermere

2 Edward de Monthermere

*2nd Husband of Joan of Acre:

.... +Gilbert De Clare 1243 -  - - - THE SINCLAIR FAMILY & MAGNA CHARTA SURETY A DIRECT DESCENDENT FROM WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR - 1066  - PLEASE READ THE ARTICLE TO YOUR RIGHT

2 Eleanor de Clare 1292 - 1337  

..... +Hugh le Despencer - "The Younger - 1326

3 Isabel Despencer

...... +Richard Fitzalan-10th Earl of Arundel 1313 - 1375

. 4 [1] Phillippa Fitzalan 1349 -

.. 5 [2] Elizabeth Serjeaux

........ +[3] William Marney

... 6 [4] John Marney

......... +[5] Alice Throckmorton

.... 7 [6] Anna Marney 1410 -

.......... +[7] Thomas Tyrrell

..... 8 [8] Thomas Tyrrell II (Sir) 1430 - 1490

........... +[9] Elizabeth Le Brun 1430 - 1473

...... 9 [10] William Tyrrell (Sir) 1465 -

............ +[11] Elizabeth Bodley

........ 10 [12] Humphry Tyrrell 1490 - 1547/48

.............. +[13] Jane Ingleton 1498 -

......... 11 [14] George Tyrrell 1530 - 1571

............... +[15] Eleanor Elizabeth Montague 1530 -

.......... 12 [16] William Tyrrell 1552 - 1595

................ +[17] Margaret Richmond 1555 -

........... 13 [18] Robert Tyrrell 1600 - 1643

................. +[19] Jane Baldwin 1590 - 1661

............ 14 [20] Richmond Terrell 1624 - 1677

.................. +[21] Elizabeth Waters

............. 15 [22] Timothy Tyrrell 1665 -

................... +[23] Elizabeth Foster 1665 -

.............. 16 [24] Joseph Terrell 1699 - 1775

.................... +[25] Mary

............... 17 [26] Joseph Terrell, Jr. 1744/45 - 1787

..................... +[27] Elizabeth Mills 1744/45 - 1833

................. 18 [28] David Terrell 1782 - 1819

....................... +[29] Mary Henley Thompson - 1871

.................. 19 [30] Joseph Carr Terrell 1807 - 1864

........................ +[31] Ann Terrell 1790 -

................... 20 [32] Charles Thomas Terrell 1852 - 1923

......................... +[33] Frances Pierce McGeHee 1852 - 1929

.................... 21 [34] Early Thomas Terrell 1882 - 1967

.......................... +[35] Ophelia Louise Harris 1884 - 1968

..................... 22 [36] James Emmett Terrell 1911 - 1967

........................... +[37] Nannie Belle Clendenin 1910 - 1972

...................... 23 [38] NANCY TERRELL 1940 -

............................ +[39] M.F. "Bud" Longnecker (Dr.) 1936 -

....................... 24 [40] Michael Emmett Longnecker 1964 -

............................. +[41] Tina Wendy Hilty 1961 -

........................ 25 [42] Taylor Hilty Longnecker 1989 -

....................... 24 [43] Gregory Stuart Longnecker 1966 -

............................. +[44] Helen Hernandez 1965 -

........................ 25 [45] Lauren Longnecker 1988 -

....................... *2nd Wife of [43] Gregory Stuart Longnecker:

............................. +[46] Stacy Marie Weinkel 1977 -

........................ 25 [47] Christian Terrell Longnecker 1997 -

........................ 25 [48] Hannah Marie Longnecker 1998 -

...................... 23 [49] James Emmett Terrell, Jr. 1944 -

..................... 22 [50] Earley Thomas Terrell, Jr. 1907 - 1955

........................... +[51] Eugenia Jackson Beazley

...................... 23 [52] Betty Jeanne Terrell 1931 -

............................ +[53] Beverly Monroe Wilkerson

....................... 24 [54] Kenneth Earley Wilkerson 1952 -

............................. +[55] C. J. Dowling

........................ 25 [56] Megan Lynn Wilkerson

....................... 24 [57] Beverly Anne Wilkerson 1954 -

2

....................... 24 [58] Sheryl Mae Wilkerson 1958 -

............................. +[59] Gary W. McNeeley

........................ 25 [60] Thomas Randolph McNeeley 1959 -

....................... 24 [61] Thomas Randolph Wilkerson 1959 -

...................... 23 [62] Anne Jackson Terrell 1934 -

............................ +[63] Richard Everett Kirkpatrick 1931 -

....................... 24 [64] David Lee Kirkpatrick 1954 -

............................. +[65] Penny Monroe

........................ 25 [66] David Lee Kirkpatrick II

....................... 24 [67] Gayle Renee Kirkpatrick 1956 -

....................... 24 [68] Michael Earley Kirkpatrick 1958 -

....................... 24 [69] Douglas Bryan Kirkpatrick 1959 -

...................... 23 [70] Mary Lou Terrell Terrell 1939 -

............................ +[71] Bobby Turner 1940 -

....................... 24 [72] Terrell Anne Turner 1960 -

....................... 24 [73] Faith Lynn Turner 1963 -

..................... 22 [74] Frances NelsonTerrell 1915 - 1972

........................... +[75] Henry Drewry Kerr 1914 -

...................... 23 [76] Henry Drewry Kerr III 1941 -

............................ +[77] Cheryle Strong 1944 -

....................... 24 [78] Michelle Lynne Kerr 1968 -

....................... 24 [79] Stephen Phillip Kerr 1972 -

...................... 23 [80] Martha Robbins Kerr 1947 -

............................ +[81] Clifford Allen Randolph

..................... 22 [82] Martha Louise Terrell 1920 -

........................... +[83] Nathan Lenoir Riddle 1923 -

...................... 23 [84] Michael Lenoir Riddle 1954 -

............................ +[85] Andrea Jean Berry 1952 -

....................... 24 [86] Mark Andrew Riddle 1977 -

....................... 24 [87] Brian Christopher Riddle 1978 -

...................... 23 [88] Alan Terrell Riddle 1957 -

............................ +[89] Denise Elaine Edgeman

....................... 24 [90] James Tobias Wheeler 1978 -

....................... 24 [91] Terrell Edgeman Riddle 1984 -

...................... *2nd Wife of [88] Alan Terrell Riddle:

............................ +[92] Nancy Jean Jenks

.................... 21 [93] Emmett Hermann Terrell 1878 -

.......................... +[94] Daisy Ellett

..................... 22 [95] Virginia Terrell

..................... 22 [96] Margaret Terrell

.................... 21 [97] Hervey Rosser Terrell 1880 -

.......................... +[98] Lucy Vaughn 1880 -

..................... 22 [99] Robert Terrell

........................... +[100] Millie

...................... 23 [101] Jane Terrell

...................... 23 [102] Susan Terrell

...................... 23 [103] Martha Terrell

.................... 21 [104] Joseph Stuart Terrell 1886 - 1950

.......................... +[105] Roberta Y. Winfrey 1882 - 1965

..................... 22 [106] Joseph Stuart Terrell, Jr. l 1917 - 1980

........................... +[107] Katherine Hunt Galusha 1917 -

...................... 23 [108] Katherine Winfrey Terrell 1948 -

............................ +[109] Charles Brenton (Dr.)

....................... 24 [110] Joseph Daniel Brenton

..................... 22 [111] William Winfrey Layne Terrell 1919 -

........................... +[112] Lillian May Shelton 1922 -

...................... 23 [113] Mary Louise Terrell 1956 -

...................... 23 [114] W. W. L. Terrell 1959 -

...................... 23 [115] Martha Irene Terrell 1964 -

..................... 22 [116] Hervey Rossner Terrell 1920 - 1964

........................... +[117] Lillian D. Sibold 1923 -

...................... 23 [118] HR. Terrell, Jr 1948 -

............................ +[119] Eleanor Hudson

....................... 24 [120] Shaun R. Terrell

....................... 24 [121] Margaret Ann Terrell

...................... 23 [122] Margaret Ann Terrell 1951 -

...................... 23 [123] Jean Stuart Terrell 1957 -

..................... 22 [124] Roberta Frances Terrell 1925 -

........................... +[125] John Parker Jarvis, Jr.

...................... 23 [126] Alice Roberta Jarvis 1948 -

............................ +[127] Leslie F. Howell, Jr. 1946 -

...................... 23 [128] John Stuart Jarvis 1954 -

3

...................... 23 [129] David Terrell Jarvis 1959 -

*2nd Husband of Isabel Despencer:

...... +Richard Fitzalan

. 4 [1] Phillippa Fitzalan 1349 -

.. 5 [2] Elizabeth Serjeaux

........ +[3] William Marney

... 6 [4] John Marney

......... +[5] Alice Throckmorton

.... 7 [6] Anna Marney 1410 -

.......... +[7] Thomas Tyrrell

..... 8 [8] Thomas Tyrrell II (Sir) 1430 - 1490

........... +[9] Elizabeth Le Brun 1430 - 1473

...... 9 [10] William Tyrrell (Sir) 1465 -

............ +[11] Elizabeth Bodley

........ 10 [12] Humphry Tyrrell 1490 - 1547/48

.............. +[13] Jane Ingleton 1498 -

......... 11 [14] George Tyrrell 1530 - 1571

............... +[15] Eleanor Elizabeth Montague 1530 -

.......... 12 [16] William Tyrrell 1552 - 1595

................ +[17] Margaret Richmond 1555 -

........... 13 [18] Robert Tyrrell 1600 - 1643

................. +[19] Jane Baldwin 1590 - 1661

............ 14 [20] Richmond Terrell 1624 - 1677

.................. +[21] Elizabeth Waters

............. 15 [22] Timothy Tyrrell 1665 -

................... +[23] Elizabeth Foster 1665 -

.............. 16 [24] Joseph Terrell 1699 - 1775

.................... +[25] Mary

............... 17 [26] Joseph Terrell, Jr. 1744/45 - 1787

..................... +[27] Elizabeth Mills 1744/45 - 1833

................. 18 [28] David Terrell 1782 - 1819

....................... +[29] Mary Henley Thompson - 1871

.................. 19 [30] Joseph Carr Terrell 1807 - 1864

........................ +[31] Ann Terrell 1790 -

................... 20 [32] Charles Thomas Terrell 1852 - 1923

......................... +[33] Frances Pierce McGeHee 1852 - 1929

.................... 21 [34] Early Thomas Terrell 1882 - 1967

.......................... +[35] Ophelia Louise Harris 1884 - 1968

..................... 22 [36] James Emmett Terrell 1911 - 1967

........................... +[37] Nannie Belle Clendenin 1910 - 1972

...................... 23 [38] Nancy Terrell 1940 -

............................ +[39] M.F. "Bud" Longnecker (Dr.) 1936 -

....................... 24 [40] Michael Emmett Longnecker 1964 -

............................. +[41] Tina Wendy Hilty 1961 -

........................ 25 [42] Taylor Hilty Longnecker 1989 -

....................... 24 [43] Gregory Stuart Longnecker 1966 -

............................. +[44] Helen Hernandez 1965 -

........................ 25 [45] Lauren Longnecker 1988 -

....................... *2nd Wife of [43] Gregory Stuart Longnecker:

............................. +[46] Stacy Marie Weinkel 1977 -

........................ 25 [47] Christian Terrell Longnecker 1997 -

........................ 25 [48] Hannah Marie Longnecker 1998 -

...................... 23 [49] James Emmett Terrell, Jr. 1944 -

..................... 22 [50] Earley Thomas Terrell, Jr. 1907 - 1955

........................... +[51] Eugenia Jackson Beazley

...................... 23 [52] Betty Jeanne Terrell 1931 -

............................ +[53] Beverly Monroe Wilkerson

....................... 24 [54] Kenneth Earley Wilkerson 1952 -

............................. +[55] C. J. Dowling

........................ 25 [56] Megan Lynn Wilkerson

....................... 24 [57] Beverly Anne Wilkerson 1954 -

....................... 24 [58] Sheryl Mae Wilkerson 1958 -

............................. +[59] Gary W. McNeeley

........................ 25 [60] Thomas Randolph McNeeley 1959 -

....................... 24 [61] Thomas Randolph Wilkerson 1959 -

...................... 23 [62] Anne Jackson Terrell 1934 -

............................ +[63] Richard Everett Kirkpatrick 1931 -

....................... 24 [64] David Lee Kirkpatrick 1954 -

............................. +[65] Penny Monroe

........................ 25 [66] David Lee Kirkpatrick II

....................... 24 [67] Gayle Renee Kirkpatrick 1956 -

....................... 24 [68] Michael Earley Kirkpatrick 1958 -

4

....................... 24 [69] Douglas Bryan Kirkpatrick 1959 -

...................... 23 [70] Mary Lou Terrell Terrell 1939 -

............................ +[71] Bobby Turner 1940 -

....................... 24 [72] Terrell Anne Turner 1960 -

....................... 24 [73] Faith Lynn Turner 1963 -

..................... 22 [74] Frances NelsonTerrell 1915 - 1972

........................... +[75] Henry Drewry Kerr 1914 -

...................... 23 [76] Henry Drewry Kerr III 1941 -

............................ +[77] Cheryle Strong 1944 -

....................... 24 [78] Michelle Lynne Kerr 1968 -

....................... 24 [79] Stephen Phillip Kerr 1972 -

...................... 23 [80] Martha Robbins Kerr 1947 -

............................ +[81] Clifford Allen Randolph

..................... 22 [82] Martha Louise Terrell 1920 -

........................... +[83] Nathan Lenoir Riddle 1923 -

...................... 23 [84] Michael Lenoir Riddle 1954 -

............................ +[85] Andrea Jean Berry 1952 -

....................... 24 [86] Mark Andrew Riddle 1977 -

....................... 24 [87] Brian Christopher Riddle 1978 -

...................... 23 [88] Alan Terrell Riddle 1957 -

............................ +[89] Denise Elaine Edgeman

....................... 24 [90] James Tobias Wheeler 1978 -

....................... 24 [91] Terrell Edgeman Riddle 1984 -

...................... *2nd Wife of [88] Alan Terrell Riddle:

............................ +[92] Nancy Jean Jenks

.................... 21 [93] Emmett Hermann Terrell 1878 -

.......................... +[94] Daisy Ellett

..................... 22 [95] Virginia Terrell

..................... 22 [96] Margaret Terrell

.................... 21 [97] Hervey Rosser Terrell 1880 -

.......................... +[98] Lucy Vaughn 1880 -

..................... 22 [99] Robert Terrell

........................... +[100] Millie

...................... 23 [101] Jane Terrell

...................... 23 [102] Susan Terrell

...................... 23 [103] Martha Terrell

.................... 21 [104] Joseph Stuart Terrell 1886 - 1950

.......................... +[105] Roberta Y. Winfrey 1882 - 1965

..................... 22 [106] Joseph Stuart Terrell, Jr. l 1917 - 1980

........................... +[107] Katherine Hunt Galusha 1917 -

...................... 23 [108] Katherine Winfrey Terrell 1948 -

............................ +[109] Charles Brenton (Dr.)

....................... 24 [110] Joseph Daniel Brenton

..................... 22 [111] William Winfrey Layne Terrell 1919 -

........................... +[112] Lillian May Shelton 1922 -

...................... 23 [113] Mary Louise Terrell 1956 -

...................... 23 [114] W. W. L. Terrell 1959 -

...................... 23 [115] Martha Irene Terrell 1964 -

..................... 22 [116] Hervey Rossner Terrell 1920 - 1964

........................... +[117] Lillian D. Sibold 1923 -

...................... 23 [118] HR. Terrell, Jr 1948 -

............................ +[119] Eleanor Hudson

....................... 24 [120] Shaun R. Terrell

....................... 24 [121] Margaret Ann Terrell

...................... 23 [122] Margaret Ann Terrell 1951 -

...................... 23 [123] Jean Stuart Terrell 1957 -

..................... 22 [124] Roberta Frances Terrell 1925 -

........................... +[125] John Parker Jarvis, Jr.

...................... 23 [126] Alice Roberta Jarvis 1948 -

............................ +[127] Leslie F. Howell, Jr. 1946 -

...................... 23 [128] John Stuart Jarvis 1954 -

...................... 23 [129] David Terrell Jarvis 1959 -

 

4510507869.jpg 4510507874.jpg 4510507879_229x313.jpg

Above - Knight Gilbert de Clare, son of Richard de Clare was born in 1243. In 1263 after his father's death, he took possession of the Gloucester in England. He was called Gilbert The Red because of the color of his hair (but maybe also because he had a hot temper too!) As a young lord, he entered the battle to siege the castle Kenilworth. After many months of fighting, he and his army gave up--Kenilworth was surrounded by a moat. De Clare remembered this tactic and used it in his planning of Caerphilly Castle. In 1268, he began the construction of his own castle but in 1270, the castle was destroyed by Llywelyn's army. But Gilbert de Clare did not give up and he began to rebuild within the year. Gilbert de Clare had lots of confidence and supreme wealth, the perfect ingredients for a master castle! Then, Llywelyn promised to return to take Caerphilly Castle but he never made it, in 1282 , an English soldier cut off his head and presented it on a silver platter to King Edward! Caerphilly Castle was completed by 1287, although in the years to follow, the various owners of the castle made restorations and renovations that have altered its appearance to what we see today.

 

After Gilbert de Clare left Caerphilly, he continued to build castles and built the castle Morlais, but in 1294, more Welsh soldiers attacked the de Clare estates. The castle remained in good shape although half the town of Caerphilly was destroyed.

 

Earl Gilbert died at the afe of 52 in December 1295. His widow, Countess Joan de Clare, administrated his estates until her death in 1307, then his son (also named Gilbert) took control but he was killed in 1314 at the battle of Bannockburn. Then, the extinction of the de Clare male line divided the Gloucester inheritance to three sisters.

 

4510508440.jpg 4510508483.jpg 4510516818.gif

http://www.fiu.edu/~mizrachs/poseur3.html

 

http://www.mysterymag.com/theunexplained/index.php?page=article&subID=85&artID=592

 

PRIORY OF SION: THE FACTS, THE THEORIES, THE MYSTERY - By Kaulayao Santos

Introduction

It has been seven years since I wrote my first article on the Priory of Sion/Rennes-les-Chateau mystery. At the time, I was heavily under the influence of the books Holy Blood, Holy Grail and Lionel Fanthorpe's work. Since then, there have been a number of books released, some better, some worse, than these original influences. I have revised some of my theories, challenged some of my own assumptions, learned some new things, and encountered a great deal of contrary data. Now, I am no longer sure that the hypothesis presented at the end of Holy Blood, Holy Grail is the best for explaining the data, nor am I sure that a Priory of Sion with the characteristics ascribed to it (an 800-year uninterrupted history, 9000 members internationally) really exists. I also am not sure that what is presented as "orthodox" with regard to the Sauniere saga can really be trusted. Still, although I have encountered the work of the debunkers, I am sure of two and only two things:

a. The Sauniere saga cannot be explained away simply by a mass-trafficking pyramid scheme and a bad taste in décor.

b. Something called the Order de Sion existed in the Middle Ages up until, at the latest, the 17th century; something called the Prieure du Sion existed from at least 1956 to 1984; whether these two things have any actual relationship to each other, I am still trying to figure out.

I believe that people get lost in certain obsessive details regarding this mystery, in particular details having to do with the life of Jesus, the idea of some type of mysterious bloodline with genes from (G-d/aliens/angels/Nephilim/Merovech/take your pick), lost artefacts (the Shroud of Turin, the Ark of the Covenant, the Holy Grail, the head of John the Baptist, etc.), or conspiracy theories (on the part of the Catholic Church, the French Geographic Institute/IGN, and various ludicrous New World Orders). In this essay, I'm going to attempt to present my current, "millennial" take on this mystery. I will actually attempt to argue beyond the mere basis of statements a and b, but I will attempt to present why I believe this is the case. Since this is not a scholarly essay, it will not be heavily referenced and footnoted, but I believe all assertions in here are defensible, and can present the sources on which I think they are based. Many ideas in here come from the three years of discussion I have had on the priory-of-sion egroups list, with a wide-ranging variety of erudite minds.

In lieu of writing a book on this subject, which I really at this time don't want to do, I think this essay is one of the better ways to communicate my current thoughts on this subject. I apologize for any errors in advance, but cannot claim infallibility, only a desire for accuracy. Should any of these things be proved false, I am fully willing to withdraw those statements. Unlike others writing on this subject, I have no agenda, no desire to manipulate or deceive, only to deal with the information and offer my theories and interpretations. I have decided the best way to present this data is chronologically.

Some would begin this story back in the hoary mists of prehistory, or in the time of Jesus, or with the coming of the Merovingian Franks to Gaul, or in ancient Sumeria. I prefer to start at one particular place.

1090 - 1188 The Ordre de Sion

According to the "prieure documents," a conclave of Calabrian monks who left from the Belgian Abbey of Orval in 1090

1. helped secure the election of Godfroi de Bouillion as de facto king of Jerusalem during the First Crusade (but as is well known, he refused the title, accepting only Defender of the Holy Sepulchre), based on their belief that

2. he was a descendant of the Merovingians, and by that fact, according to these documents, also a descendant of King David through Jesus and Merovech.

3. In return, Godfroi secured their installation into an Abbey on Mount Sion. These documents also claim that the Ordre of Sion and the Order of the Temple (officially, the Poor Knights of the Temple of Solomon, later known as the Knights Templar, and officially recognized as such in 1118) were, until 1188, one unified organization with the same leadership.

Is there any basis to these claims? Here is what it is apparently true-

1. there was indeed an Order of Sion based on Mt. Sion, and according to a papal bull of the 12th century, it had monasteries and abbeys elsewhere in Palestine (in particular, Mount Carmel), in southern Italy (Calabria), and in France.

2. There is little in the official histories linking Godfroi to this order, but he is said to have founded the Order of the Holy Sepulchre, whose relationships to these other orders (the Temple and Sion) are unclear. And the official histories do not indicate any overlap between these monks and the soldier-monks of the Knights Templar.

3. The Order seems to have occupied its "mother" abbey, Notre Dame de Sion/St. Mary of Mt. Zion, built on the foundations of the original apostolic Cenacle or Coelaneum, up until around 1291 or so, when like many Crusader holdings, it was overwhelmed by the Moslem onslaught.

4. It actually was in the hands of the Franciscans for several more centuries, until it finally was lost to Christian ownership and was converted to a mosque.

5. I have found interesting links between the Order de Sion and the Carmelites.

a. St. Berthold, the founder of the Carmelites, also originated from Calabria. Fra Lippi, a tutor of Botticelli, who is listed as a PoS GM, lived in Calabria and was known as "The Carmelite".

b. Crotone in Calabria was the home of the Pythagorean school, and Pythagoras is said by Iamblichus to have visited Mount Carmel. Calabria was the "stomping grounds" of Joachim of Fiore and Giordano Bruno.

c. Most interestingly, recent archaeological articles suggest the Essenes had encampments on both Mount Carmel and Mount Zion.

d. St. Therese of Liseux turns up in a number of "PoS churches", and she took her name both from Theresa of Avila, a Discalced Carmelite and mystic, and Therese of Lidoine, a Carmelite nun who was murdered by the Revolutionary Terror in Compeigne.

6. The Abbey of Orval's web site says only that mysterious monks from Calabria came there in 1070, although little is known about their identity, and they were welcomed there by Count Arnould de Chiny. These "pioneers" moved out after forty years, i.e. around 1110. The legend of Orval claims that it was named by Mathilda de Tuscany, who after finding a lost ring declared the place "a Valley of Gold" (Val D'Or.) That name will turn up again... recent research also suggests that Nostradamus may have found some "Templar" materials at the Abbey of Orval.

What I have found quite interesting about this Order is their choice of real estate. According to a recent (1990) issue of Biblical Archaeology magazine,

1. Mt. Sion seems to have been the "HQ" of the Ebionites of Jerusalem - those "Judaizing" followers of Jesus who looked to his brother James, rather than the "Apostle" Paul, for leadership.

2. Pauline Christians, in fact, avoided the place until the Byzantine period (7th century). It looks like some of these followers even made an abortive attempt to build a 3rd Temple of Solomon on the site after the Great Revolt of 70 CE, using the ruins of the destroyed Herodian templeÖ an effort that seems to have come to an end with the decisive defeat of the Messiah Bar Kochba in 135 CE.

3. This choice does not appear arbitrary: the Old Testament says that Solomon's Temple sat on Mt. Zion, which although identified with Mt. Moriah for many centuries, by the 2nd Temple period was once again recognized as a mountain outside the existing Jerusalem city walls. I believe their choice of Mt. Sion for their Abbey displays an obvious "Ebionite" outlook on their part.

4. However, it seems like several monks had vacated from this Abbey prior to its emptying in 1291, and it does appear that quite a few went back to Orleans, France with King Louis in the 12th century.

5. Others went to southern Italy (Calabria was the home of the heresies of Joachim of Fiore - a very unorthodox territory).

The Order of Sion did not apparently cease to exist, though, even after losing its "mother" abbey in Jerusalem, and according to one perhaps less than totally reliable authority, Gerard de Sede, it continued on for quite some time, until being absorbed by the Jesuits in the 17th century. Prior to this dissolution, though, the "prieure documents" claim Sion and the Templars underwent a separation, at an event called the 'cutting of the elm' at Gisors in 1188. The "prieure documents" claim Sion's first independent "grand master", Jean de Gisors, was elected at this time: Sion and the Temple were no longer under the same leadership, and each went its own way.

This event, like so many others, appears to be based on some historical events, but perhaps shrouded with the clouds of myth.

1. We know that there was indeed an ancient elm tree at the fortress of Gisors, often used as a neutral meeting point for the monarchs of England and France. And, indeed, there was a "parting of the ways" that occurred there, but it was not a division between Sion and the Templars.

2. In January of 1188, the kings of England and France agreed to a truce at this elm tree, so that they could launch yet another common Crusade to the Holy Land. But in August, further meetings at the tree resulted in the collapse of this truce. One side became agitated over the fact that the other was hogging all the shade from the tree, the French and English skirmished, and finally it was cut down after a bloody battle. There is no evidence that Jean de Gisors was there or the Templars, but it seems hard to see why either would be uninvolved with a struggle that occurred in their physical and moral backyards.

3. Thomas a Beckett met with papal legates at the tree of Gisors, after his "excommunication" of some opponents (including a Hugh St. Clair) at Vezelay. Beckett appears to have been an important figure for Jean de Gisors, who dedicated several buildings to him. He was "martyred" on December 28th, the Feast of the Holy Innocents, for refusing to back down over his stance on the separation of sacerdotal and royal authority. Gisors also has a weird "parallel legend" to RlC: whereas RlC's daemon guardian must be defeated at noon (probably on the summer solstice), Gisor's "treasure" is guarded by a daemon who can only be passed at midnight on December 24th (the winter solstice).

1188 - 1307: The Rise and Fall of the Templars

Although the Order de Sion and the Knights Templar parted ways, at least according to the "prieure documents", in 1188, they still seem to have had some sort of interconnection, and some artefacts, knowledge, documents, etc. relating to the current 'mystery' seem to have remained in the Templars' possession. Thus, a great deal of investigation into the PoS/RlC mystery seems to revolve around the mysteries of the Templars. Did they possess some type of treasure? Were they heretics, dabbling in Ebionism, Johannism, or Essenism? Did they have some kind of "hands off" pact with the Cathars of southern France? Did they continue to survive in some kind of clandestine fashion after the order's "official" dissolution?

Again, here is what can be known.

1. During their short but meteoric career, the Knights Templar became known for more than just their skill as soldiers or their piety. They became bankers, diplomats, and power-brokers. An elite few even became scholars, attempting to translate Hebrew Old Testament texts (such as the Book of Maccabees) into the vernacular.

2. Charges of heresy and disloyalty dogged them for a long time, even as early as the early 12th century.

a. Some of this undoubtedly arose from envy: as the bankers of Europe, the Temple acquired quite a formidable stash of gold.

b. As it turns out, while northern Templars pursued the Albigensian Crusade with relish, gleefully slaughtering the Cathar heretics in the name of the Pope, southern Templars seem to have been more reluctant to take up arms against their neighbors. Scholars have argued whether this might have had to do with political loyalties (to the kingdom of Aragon) or family ties, but in any case, it does seem somewhat puzzling.

3. In 1307, on the rather inauspicious date of Friday, October 13th, King Philip the Fair ordered the arrest of the Templars on the charges of heresy. Historians conclude he was mostly after their wealth, having already seized the assets of the Jews in his realm a year earlier. Legal inquiries ensued, and Grand Master Jacques de Molay was thrown in prison. In 1312, during the Council of Vienne,

4. the Pope (who was in Philip's "pocket"), dissolved the Templars as a religious order. Finally, in 1314, after refusing to renounce his claim of innocence, Jacques de Molay was burned at the stake in Paris as a relapsed heretic. Outside of France, Templars endured different levels of treatment - in some countries, they were hardly bothered at all, while in France they suffered torture, harassment, and vigorous persecution.

5. Also, outside of France, the charges were more widely viewed with disbelief. The King and Pope did not outlast deMolay by long, dying several months after him.

As for their orthodoxy, the only real evidence that the Templars were anything less than pious, dumb, and loyal Catholic knights is their testimony at their trial. And, sadly, most of this testimony has to be ruled out, since most of it was obtained under torture. While under the hot irons of the inquisitors, the Templars admitted to intercourse with demons, worshipping black cat familiars, sodomy, and black magic, charges that no scholar takes seriously. In truth, these type of charges are a familiar litany that often turns up when a persecuted group was tortured by the inquisition - they show up during the witch-trials of two centuries later, and of trials of other Gnostic heretics centuries before. Thus, they probably reflect more of the demon-obsessed mind of the inquisitors than anything else.

Yet, there is a hidden "subtext" which suggests that, although many of the charges were trumped up in a Stalinesque (or Kafkaesque) kangaroo court (which we will return to later), heresy was already brewing among the Templars. For one thing, many Templars made a rather confusing confession.

1.  They claim they went through initiations by their superiors in which they were told to worship G-d the Father, but were also to spit on the cross and deny the Trinity.

This is not the type of thing normally confessed to under torture by someone trying to tell their confessor what they wanted to hear, so the torture would end. After all, why not just say they had gone over to the Devil's side, rather than simply declaring that they had adopted a non-Trinitarian (perhaps "Ebionite"?) Christianity?Many people think the Templars incapable of heresy because they were unintellectual fighting men. However, the heresies of the Middle Ages often spread primarily among illiterate peasants.

A number of Templars outside of France, including some in England, were never tortured, yet made similar confessions. Indeed, many claim that the main heresiarch within the order was Roncelin de Fos, a 13th century Templar who was of Cathar ancestry. At some point, Roncelin began forming clandestine "cells" within the order, spreading his heretical teachings and initiations. Apparently, the leadership was unaware of this internal 'virus,' which may be why De Molay went to the grave honestly protesting his innocence - he truly had no knowledge of heresy within the order. There is also the possibility that some rather innocent deviations on the part of the Templars were simply misunderstood as "heresy" by their inquisitors and blown out of proportion. Whatever the case may be, charges suggesting the Templars were heretics went back to the 1140s - while, interestingly, their 'companion' order, the Knights Hospitaller of St. John, never faced similar chargesÖ but the only remotely heretical artefact the inquisitors ever found was a silver woman's head in a Templar perceptory marked "Caput LVIIIm".

If the Templars ever had a "treasure" other than a great stack of florins, history doesn't record it. Certainly, there are a number of Masonic ritual degrees (like the Holy Royal Arch) that suggest that they conducted some exploration on the Temple Mount, and either found some scrolls or the Ark of the Covenant itself.

1. Other sources, like Ian Wilson, claim they had the "Mandylion" or Shroud of Turin prior to its display at Lirey in the 1350s. And, of course, there are always the persistent rumors that they

2. held secret negotiations with the Hashisheen or Assassins led by the Old Man of the Mountain, Hassan-I-Sabah, or the Druzes of Lebanon, and from them obtained some esoteric materials. Although sources seem to disagree as to whether this treasure was spiritual, material, or documentary, this has not stopped people from looking for it, at Rosslyn Chapel, Gisors, Rennes-les-Chateau, Stenay, and elsewhere.

3. Equally in dispute has been the fate of the Templars after their 1312 dissolution. In many countries, they were simply folded into "new" military orders which consisted of the same people under a different name - for example, the Knights of Christ in Portugal. In England and in many countries,

4. some went on to join their former friendly rivals, the Hospitallers. This may have been a good decision, considering the number of assets of the Templars turned over to their rivals. In France, most of the knights hung up their swords and retired to non-military monasteries, although a few went "rogue" and became mercenaries, pirates, or freebooters. However, there have always been the persistent rumors that the Templar order "survived" in some clandestine form after its own dissolution. For example,

5. the Charter of Larmenius says that before de Molay died, he appointed a "clandestine" Grand Master to continue the order in defiance of the Pope's bull. Many of the "neo-Templar" orders of today claim they are the continuation of this 'survival', often with little or no proof. And, of course,

6. there are those who say the Freemasons are the heirs of the Knights Templar.

Whatever the "PoS" is or was, it seems to have some interest in the Templar legacy, because in their documents they indicate some interest in Templar "materials" supposedly left behind at Gisors, where many Templars were imprisoned or detained. Assuming there is any validity to the "prieure documents" account, Sion and the Temple would have maintained some type of contact with each other, and the OdS would probably have some awareness of the disposition of their "sibling" order's people, property, and materiel.

1307 - 1600: The Reign of the White Queen

It ís not clear what exactly the OdS was up to in the 14th- to 17th centuries, although the "prieure" documents suggest that during this time it had some fairly august leadership: Leonardo da Vinci, Nicholas Flamel, Rene D' Anjou, and Sandro Filipepi (better known as Botticelli). The alchemist Flamel translated the mysterious text of the Sacred Magic of Abra-Melin, whose original author was one "Abraham the Jew," through the assistance of some Spanish Rabbis. Upon his return from Spain, he is said to have achieved the "Great Work" of alchemy on the "PoS date" of January 17th. As for "Good King Rene," he seems to have been one of the figures promoting the mythic theme of Arcadia in Europe, a theme that seems an idee fixe for the "PoS". It is the appearance of daVinci on this roster - daVinci, the visionary, the artist, the man who wrote in backwards mirror writing, the inventor, the man who some say put his own face on the Shroud (although others claim it is de Molay's) - that has people most fascinated.

DaVinci seems to have had a "thing" for John the Baptist, which seems quite consonant with the apparent "PoS" interest in Johannism (the idea that John was the true Messiah and Jesus a false one, or, alternatively, that they were equal co-Messiahs). Johannites believe that

1. there was a secret teaching passed from John the Baptist to John the Beloved Disciple (whose given name was Lazarus, but he took the "alias" of John to honor the Baptist), and to a "John" ever since.

2. (Supposedly, every PoS GrandMaster takes the name "Jean" as an honorary title, in addition to being known as "Nautonnier" or Navigator.)

3. Pincknett and Prince believe Da Vinci put his own face on the Shroud of Turin (despite accounts which suggest it was first shown at Lirey 200 years earlier), which was confirmed to them by someone they believed to be a member of the PoS, "Giovanni".

During this time period, the Duke Jean de Berry, who lived in Bourges, commissioned a picture-book known as Les Tres Riches Heures. A horological manuscript, illustrating the seasons of the calendar as well as miscellaneous episodes, the Heures has fascinated people with some of its strange symbolism.

1. For example, it shows the Duke de Berry holding a caduceus or serpent-staff.

2. The picture of the Resurrection also seems somewhat oddly dissonant with New Testament accounts, also.

3. Certain scenes in the Heures also appear to be alluded to by the Rennes-les-Bains cleric Henri Boudet.

4. The 20th century alchemist "Fulcanelli" had a lot to say about hidden symbolism in the Heures, and he in particular pointed to the role of Jacques Coeur of Bourges in its creation. Bourges is considered the esoteric "Coeur" of France.

Queen Blanche d'Evereaux, "The White Queen" of many prieure documents and listed as a PoS GM in those documents, had a chateau near Gisors at Neaufles.

1.  There was supposed to be a secret tunnel linking Gisors with her chateau.

2.  In the Prisoner's Tower at Gisors was imprisoned one Nicholas Poulain, an ambassador of the Douglasses of Scotland, allegedly for being Blanche's secret lover. Poulain supposedly scrawled a number of alchemical and hermetic diagrams on the walls of his jail. Poulain may have been connected to the "Freres-Aines de la Rose-Croix," a group of "survivor" Templar alchemists in Scotland.

3.  Blanche may have given some of his secrets to her "PoS successor," Nicholas Flamel, whose sigils and diagrams in his published works resemble Poulain's. Flamel's brother worked for Jean de Berry. As you can see, all these people curiously interconnect.

(A group called the Freres-Aines was "re-established" in the 20th century by Daniel Caro, who called himself "Gaston Phoebus" after the original man who attempted to bring the Freres-Aines from Scotland to France at the behest of Cardinal Jean-Jacques D'Ossa, the future Pope John XXII, who was present at the Council of Vienne. One of the few places the story of the original Freres-Aines can be found is in Gaetan Delaforge's book on the Templar tradition; "Delaforge" (a pseudonym) was a member of the Solar Temple.)

In 1446, the cornerstone for Rosslyn Chapel was laid. The history of Rosslyn and the Sinclairs who were its lords since the 1280s - they appear to have inherited it from the French de Roscelin family - is like many other things, highly disputed. The Sinclairs claim to be descended from the Norman Santo-Claros ("Clear Light") of St.-Clair-sur-Epte. The "prieure documents" also claim that Hugh de Payns married one Catherine St. Clair, thus establishing a Sinclair presence in the Templars from early on. Finally, they also claim the Sinclairs to have been the hereditary "patrons" of Scottish Freemasonry for several centuries. The implications are obvious; the "priory docs" present the Sinclairs as the "interface" between Templarism and Masonry.

1600-1780: The Cabal of the Devout

This appears to be an interesting time in the PoS saga, according to the "prieure documents". Apparently, at some point during this time period, the "old" Order de Sion faded from the scenes, but it seems to have transferred some of its ideas and personnel into the Order of St. Sulpice (Sulpicians), the Lazarists of St. Vincent de Paul, the Discalced Carmelites, and perhaps most particularly, a group lampooned by Moliere as a "cabal of the devout" - the Compagnie du St.-Sacrament. The "prieure documents" claim that the Compagnie, which history records primarily as a religious anti-Jansenist movement in France, actually were one of the primary agents behind the "Fronde" against King Louis (and, moreso, his closest advisor Cardinal Mazarin). They claim that they were supporting the Guise-Lorraine families' bid for the throne, and that the man today known as Nostradamus may have been providing "timetables" for the action of the conspirators.

One thing that seems to have made the PoS so angry was Louis XIV's decision, carried out by Colbert, to give France a new national Meridian, based on the observatory in Paris, as calculated by the astronomer Cassini. "Le Serpent Rouge" and other "prieure documents" maintain that in fact, France already had a far older N-S meridian known as the "roseline," and that all Colbert and Cassini did was move it to the wrong place. This roseline or "serpent rouge" seems to have run through several hermetic churches in France, including St. Sulpice in Paris, the Lady of the Roses cathedral in Rodez, St. Vincent's in Carcasonne, and the Church of St. Stephen's in Bourges. Most importantly, it also ran through Rennes-les-Bains, whose name itself comes from Rhedae or Rhodos, meaning "roses". A more romantic line used for its time-telling, geomantic, religious significance was replaced with a much more staid line for travel and commerce.

They seem to have been concerned about this, because in the 1750's in St. Sulpice a copper line was drawn in the floor, and a gnomon or meridian marker installed, as if to remind people that it was once a meridian church. The Sulpicians themselves took their name from Sulpicius, a bishop of Bourges in Merovingian times. Curiously, they themselves went on to found the city of Montreal in Canada, and there they erected a Notre Dame cathedral in the 'geomantic' center of the city. Their symbol, two crossed M's, seems to turn up in other "hermetic" contexts. Another group the "PoS" seems to have been involved with during this time, according to the "prieure documents", were the Essene and Cathar-like Camisards, known for their white shirts of purity and holiness.

During this time, the painter Poussin is active, as is another painter, David Teniers the Younger (he is the 2nd - his father and his son were also both David Teniers). This is important, as their names will turn up later. Poussin is said to have known a great "secret" which he refused to reveal. There are those who say his painting "Shepherds of Arcadia" depicts an actual tomb, the so-called "Poussin Tomb", in the RlC area.

1781 - 1901: The Rose-Croix

It is during this time that the PoS and the RlC sagas begin to overlap, at least according to the "prieure documents". In 1781, Marie Negre d'Hautpoul, a resident of Rennes-les-Chateau died. Her family had been involved in Memphis-Misraim and Martinist Freemasonry. What happened after seems to be in dispute (as always), but the "prieure documents" suggest that her confessor, the Abbe Bigou, moved a meridian marker with the words "Et in Arcadia Ego" from a tomb elsewhere on the "roseline" (some say this is the "Arques" or Pontils Tomb which supposedly appears in Poussin's painting) to her gravesite, and then erected a second tombstone with an odd inscription on it. This inscription is apparently a cipher, and even contains Bigou's own name on it. Bigou also supposedly writes two ciphered parchments and has them buried along with other documents (including geneaologies and a Hautpoul "testimony") in his church in RlCÖ to be discovered two hundred years later, after the chaos of the French Revolution.

In the early 1800's, Charles Nodier and Victor Hugo organize a literary salon at the Arsenal Library where Nodier worked, known as the Cenacle.

1. Nodier and Hugo were good friends, and are listed by the "prieure documents" as successive PoS grandmasters. I believe the Cenacle represents the earliest traceable root of the 'real' or 'modern' PoS, which I think began as a 19th century society of Romantics, artists, surrealists, and Symbolists who may or may not have had any real (more likely, it was indirect) connection to the earlier OdS, and who adopted "Et in Arcadia Ego" as their properly elegiac and romantic motto.

2. It is possible that the librarian Nodier may have discovered a number of key texts in the Arsenal library, such as Flamel's translated texts.

3. As for Hugo, he dabbled heavily in Spiritualism and arcana, and he is now an "ascended master" in the Vietnamese religion Cao Dai.

4. After Hugo, the "prieure documents" claim that the next "grand master" of the "PoS" was Claude Debussy, the composer. Once again, Debussy seems like an unlikely candidate for such a role, but digging into his biography suggests otherwise. Debussy was introduced to Josephin Peladan's Rose-Croix through his friend Erik Satie (and Satie emerges as the bridge between Debussy, Cocteau, and Picasso).

5. Through the Rose-Croix, whose members also included the opera singer Emma Calve, Georges "Count Israel" Monti (mentor of a man who will emerge later, Pierre Plantard), and Eliphas Levi, Debussy may have come to meet the Sulpician scholar Emile Hoffet, and more importantly, another man, Berenger Sauniere.

I will not go into great detail over the Sauniere saga here, as there are other sites which do it far more thoroughly and comprehensively. What Sauniere did or did not do or find is in dispute. He became the parish priest of Rennes-les-Chateau in 1885, and after living through a period of initial extreme deprivation, started displaying a bizarre ostentatious display of sudden wealth. He came under suspicion, was defrocked by the church in 1912, and died in 1917. However, there are two myths about his death that need to be put to rest. He did not die on January 17th, and his coffin was ordered six months before his death (not 5 days). Many also say that Father Riviere, his confessor, denied him last rites and that his funeral was somewhat bizarre. The "prieure documents" claim that Sauniere found Bigou's hidden parchments in 1891, and with Hoffet's help, deciphered the ciphers (encoded within two excerpts from the Gospels). These two ciphers are, of course, legendary at this point. The first said, quite simply:

THIS TREASURE BELONGS TO DAGOBERT II KING AND TO SION AND HE IS THERE DEAD.

The second said:

SHEPHERDESS NO TEMPTATION THAT POUSSIN TENIERS HOLD THE KEY PEACE 681 BY THE CROSS AND THIS HORSE OF GOD I DESTROY THIS DAEMON GUARDIAN AT MIDDAY. BLUE APPLES.

Who composed these ciphers is also in dispute, although I agree with my friend Ted Cranshaw that evidence suggests they were generated in the 18th century, and in all likelihood by the Abbe Bigou, not by modern pranksters (i.e. the Marquis de Cherisey). The last one must be deciphered by using a knight's tour of the chessboard, along with the de Vigenere substitution technique. Interestingly, the key for the cipher, "MORT EPEE", comes from the Marie de Negre tombstone, whose entire 128-letter text is a perfect anagram for the ciphertext, minus 14 extraneous letters.

It is claimed that the second cipher refers to three paintings, Poussin's Shepherds of Arcadia, Teniers' Temptation of St. Anthony, and a portrait of Celestine V, all of which Sauniere supposedly went to view at the Louvre during a trip to Paris. (This trip is, like so many other matters, disputed.)

1. The cipher would seem to indicate that these two artists "hold the key," but while some think they know the significance of the Poussin reference (it supposedly points to the "Pontils Tomb"), the importance of Teniers' painting is not clear (he did about five Temptations, each slightly different from the others).

2. However, of the paintings of Teniers that I have been able to see, there seems to be an interesting obscure symbolism that the artist associated with St. Anthony the Hermit - whose feast day is that recurring date, January 17th.

3. As for the painting of Celestine V, its significance is also unknown, although Celestine is the only pope to have resigned his office: what Dante called "The Great Refusal".

4. Incidentally, the Poussin painting appears as a relief, in reverse, at the Shugborough Hall Shepherds' Monument in England, along with a strange cipher beneath it which seems to be the initial letters of a verse from 18th century Romantic poetry.

5. Sauniere's church contains a daemon guardian, a statue of Asmodeus, and there are those who say that at noon an optical effect that looks like "blue apples" appears through the stained glass windows. There are those who say Sauniere's paymaster, and the "brains" of his operation, was Father Henri Boudet, the parish priest of Rennes-les-Baines.

6. Boudet was a bit of a crank antiquarian who argued that the original language of the Celts, and the whole world, was English. However, Le Vraie Langue Celtique, his "nut book", contains a number of puns, anagrams, and codes Ö as do the tombs he created for Jean Vie and Paul-Vincent de Fleury.

7. The "prieure documents" seem to hint that Boudet was a PoS operative, and that he located a meridian marker in the RlC region.

1901 - 2000: The PoS Comes into Closer View

Some "prieure documents" suggest Sauniere was loosely connected to a type of aristocratic and Hermetic Freemasonry (despite his being a priest) known as the Hieron du Val d'Or.

1. There seems to be a hint that the Hieron was the "guise" of the "PoS" during that time period. From what people have written about it, the Hieron seems to have been an 'esoteric research center' located at Paray-le-Monial, "ground zero" of the Sacred Heart cult in France.

2. It conducted research into Atlantis and esoteric Catholicism. The "prieure documents" also suggest that after Sauniere's death, the surrealist artist/poet/filmmaker Jean Cocteau became "GM" of the PoS in 1918.

3. Interestingly, right around the same time, Cocteau seems to have partnered with Satie and Picasso on a production (Picasso's work was dominated by PoS-type esoteric themes), and then he and Satie went on to form a musical composing group, "Le Six," that were based on improvisation from Debussy's work. The link between these two "GM"s was Erik Satie.

During the late 1930s and 1940s, which was the period of the Vichy Occupation of France, a young man known only as "Pierre de France," aka Pierre Plantard, aka Plantard de St.-Clair, began publishing a journal called Vaincre, which issued from a group calling itself Alpha Galates. Vaincre's writers included a number of esoteric and political figures. It states that the goals of Alpha Galates were a European federation/union centered on France, the unity of France within its own borders, and a revived chivalry and patriotic feeling. Vaincre also carried stories that were anti-Semitic and anti-Masonic; when asked about this by authors Baigent, Lincoln, and Leigh, Plantard simply said that he had to run stories of that type in order to get it past the Gestapo - really, he and Poirer Murat were actually sending message to the Maquis or Resistance. In 1943, he claims he was interned at Fresnes for Resistance activity. The Resistance seems to have appreciated Plantard's efforts, because he was tapped by General de Gaulle to help organize some of the Paris Committees of Public Safety which were involved in de Gaulle's return to power.

Of course, others insist Plantard was not on the side of the angels during the war, but like his associate Francois Mitterand, who visited RlC in 1981, he was actually an active Vichy collaborator, and part of the Vichy's Uriage-based "educational movement" to turn the youth of France against modernity and progress. There are even accusations that he used Nazi connections to obtain esoteric documents from Martinists and others. As with other matters, figuring out whose side Plantard during WW II was on seems hard to do.  

1. The Gestapo under Klaus Barbie in Lyon was infilitrating, dissolving, and even murdering members of esoteric organizations during the Vichy Occupation.

2. Martinist Constant Chevillon was killed when he fell into a "Synarchic" trap set by members of the Fraternite des Polaires, who were connected to the excavations that SS man Otto Rahn was doing in the South of France, looking for the treasure of Montsegur and/or the Grail.

3. One thing is certain about Msr. Plantard: his genealogy as presented in the "dossiers secretes" appears to be an utter fabrication. And, whatever relationship he wanted to present to the Sinclairs of Rosslyn, he only added the particle "de St. Clair" to his name in 1964. Plantard claims that in 1946, he left Alpha Galates and was inducted into the PoS by the Abbe Francois Ducaud-Bourget.

4. However, there are similarities between Alpha Galates and the PoS, especially in apparent organizational structure, which suggest some other relationship. One also finds a strange semblance between the PoS "statutes" and the degrees and principles of the Rectified Scottish Rite in France (an outgrowth of the Templar Strict Observance) as well as the Memphis-Misraim branch of Masonry.

5. Plantard may have been introduced to these rites by the Mason Camille Savoire.

Who was in charge between Cocteau's death in 1963 and Plantard's claimed accession in 1981 is not clear, but various sources suggest it was either Ducaud-Bourget, Catholic rightist Marcel Lefebvre, or some sort of triumvirate involving Plantard, an Italian (Merzagora), and an American banker (Gaylord Freeman, from Chicago First National). The "prieure documents" suggest there was a "schism" within the PoS in 1956, between some sort of "Anglo-American contingent" (apparently rightists connected to the Knights of Malta) and the main group. Whatever this "schism" was, it led the schismatics to register the group and its statutes with the French bureau of organizations, giving people their first traceable existence of the group in this year. Plantard claims he healed the "schism" and reunited the group. During this time (1961-1978), his associates began depositing the mysterious "prieure documents" (all having to do with treasure, Rennes-les-Chateau, Merovingians, white queens, and hidden secrets) in the Biblioteque Nationnale, under pseudonyms like "Anthony the Hermit".

Plantard claims that he was made Grand Master of the PoS on January 17th, 1981 (up until that time, he was merely its Secretary-General), coincidentally enough close to the time around which Holy Blood Holy Grail was published. But his term did not last long. In 1984, in an interview published in Messianic Legacy, he told the authors Baigent, Lincoln, and Leigh that certain "maneouvres" by his "Anglo-American" brethren could no longer be put up with, and that he was resigning. He died in February of the year (2000), and there are those who say that the PoS, which was his own creation, or at least became his cult of personality, ceased to exist in 1984. Certainly, all there has been since 1984 is speculation about the group and who is running it. No one has stepped forward to give any more interviews. Some think the PoS is now operating in Barcelona, with a Catalan attorney as its current Grand Master.

 

The many orders of Sion

1. In 1099, Augustinian canons regular establish the Order of Notre Dame de Sion headquartered in the Abbey of Mt. Sion. An 1178 papal bull by Pope Alexander claims monasteries in Calabria, the Holy Land, Sicily, and elsewhere. Some of these monks appear to have established themselves in Orleans in 1152. This Order appears to have been absorbed into the Jesuits in either 1617 or 1619, but the main source for this remains, unfortunately, Gerard de Sede's 1988 "Les Impostures".

2. In 1393, Ferri de Vaudemont establishes a Confraternity of Our Lady of Sion in Nancy (the Lorraine, near Sion-Vaudemont). Its relationship to the earlier Order of Sion is unknown. If and when this order ceased to exist, I am unaware.

  http://www.inmagine.com/lorraine-photos/iconotec-icn102

 

3. There appear to have been two Jacobite organizations in the 18th/19th century that used this name: the Realm of Sion, founded in the 1740s, whose leader at one point was the bishop of Rodez, and which claimed descent from a 16th century order dedicated to Thomas Beckett; and a second organization, The Sovereign Sacred Religious and Military Order of Knights Protectors of the Sacred Sepulchre of Our Lord Jesus Christ and of the Most Holy Temple of Zion, founded in New Zealand in 1848.

4. Only one Order of Notre Dame de Sion actually appears in the Catholic Encyclopedia, and it is the Congregation of Notre Dame de Sion, founded by Marie-Alphonse Ratisbonne in Paris in 1843. This organization has parochial schools in the United States and France. One of its main goals is to convert Jews to Catholicism.

5. In the mid-1800s, a Czech author, Prokop Chochosoulek, wrote a work, The Templars of Bohemia. It was a work of "historical fiction". However, he does mention a Priory of Sion being behind the creation of the Templars. His reference seems to indicate they still existed in his own time.

6. From 1807 to 1817, the Russian mystic and Martinist I.V. Lopukhin edited a Martinist journal called The Messenger of Sion, which dealt with a variety of Jewish and mystical themes.

7. Although never identifying itself as an order of "Sion", an organization formed by the priestly Brothers Baillard, Eugene Michel Vintras (otherwise known as "Elias the Artist", whose mentor was a Madam Bouche who lived near St. Sulpice and went by "Sister Salome"), and the Abbe Joseph Boullan known as the Church of Carmel tried to create a syncretistic Celtic-Christian pilgrimage center at Sion-Vaudemont in the 1850s. This was written about by Lorraine author Maurice Barres in La Colline Inspiree .

8. In 1956, an organization called the Priory of Sion registers with the Annemasse bureau of records. Its four officers are Andre Bonhomme, president; Jean Delaval, Vice-President; Pierre Plantard, Secretary-General; Armand Defago, Treasurer. Whether this organization continued to exist after the resignation of Grand Master Pierre Plantard in 1984, no one knows.

9. Currently headquartered on Saint James, Long Island, is the Grand Perceptory of the Chevaliers of Notre Dame de Sion - their home page is online at this link - it claims its foundation from Marcel Lefebvre and currently says it is under the leadership of Andre Barbeau as an "Exempt Sovereign Military Religious Order". Its mission, it proclaims, is to provide medical psychiatric care to the community [sic] and also to perform interfaith marriages. Its clerical staff, it says, includes the Rev. Paul Boucher and the Rev. Douglas Trees, as well as several Rabbis listed as "Interfaith". The site is vague but would appear to indicate the order was "revitalized" in the 1980s.

 

 

The rest of this essay is thematic, dealing with certain themes that recur in the various "prieure documents".

January 17th: This seems to be a "red-letter" day for the PoS.

1. The reason why seems to be that it is the saints' day for three "PoS" saints: Sulpicius of Bourges, Anthony the Hermit, and Roseline de Villeneuve. Sulpicius, who Saint-Sulpice is named after, was the hagiogapher of St. Martin of Tours, a saint who one guidebook says "is frequently associated with places of sacred toponymical significance," as well as pagan tree-cults.

a. St. Anthony is invoked to help heal people suffering from St. Anthony's Fire, a syndrome caused by consuming ergot (which contains LSD); in the Middle Ages, Crusaders brought his body back to the Dauphin region of France.

b. Roseline de Villeneuve was a Carthusian nun, associated with a "rose miracle," who was so saintly that her body remained incorrupt after her death. King Louis is said to have checked if she was still alive, by putting a needle through her eye.

2. Marie de Negre (d'Ables, d'Hautpoul) is also said to have died on January 17th, 1781, the date on her tombstone.

3. Nicholas Flamel was said to have achieved the Great Work of alchemy on Jan 17th, 1381.

4. It is also claimed that Sigisbert "IV", the son of Dagobert II, arrived in RlC on January 17th, 681 CE.

5. The "priory documents" claim that a new class of "Brethren," the "Children of St. Vincent" or "Free Brothers", were created on January 17th, 1681, in Blois. As you will also see, this group has a fascination with 81s and reversals.

6. Pierre Plantard claims he became grand master in 1981, and in 1891 Sauniere wrote in his diary "excavated a tomb. It rained." Later he would carve 'MISSION 1891" on a pillar.

Another "red letter" day for the PoS seems to be December 23rd... the day that Dagobert II was killed near Stenay in the Ardennes, and also the day that Henri, duc de Guise, was killed in Blois. The PoS apparently has its "convents" in Blois, according to Ean Begg.

Mary Magdalene: The PoS seems to have a great interest in the "Notre-Dame de Lumiere", claiming she is Mary Magdalene. Indeed, they hint that the earliest Notre-Dame churches in France are dedicated to Magdalene, not the Virgin Mary. According to some PoS texts, "Our Lady of France" is the Magdalene, not the Virgin. They also seem to identify her with the Meridian. For some reason, many also seem to think she may have been the progenitor of a 'bloodline' from her 'husband' Jesus - this is the hypothesis proposed at the end of HBHG. Her significance may be something else,  however... the Priory clearly seems to associate her with the Black Virgins of France, many of which have been mysteriously disappearing over the last decade. Legends from the 11th century onward claim that the Magdalene came to France, landing at Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer or Marseilles after fleeing Palestine. She appears to have been a wealthy Jewish woman from Migdol in the Galilee, and not a prostitute as many people have claimed.

Merovingians:  The "prieure docs" seem to hint obliquely that Merovech, the progenitor of the Merovingians, was a special monarch. The hypothesis in HBHG is that Merovech was descended from Jesus and Mary Magdalene. However, all the "prieure documents" claim is that he was descended from the Benjaminites, the Trojans, and a "Quinotaur" (only deSede and Elizabeth van Buren seem to think this was a being from Sirius.)

1. The "prieure documents" note that the Church betrayed the Merovingians by turning power over to the Carolingians, thus breaking the pact with Clovis.

2. The Merovingians were long-haired kings supposedly born with a special birthmark (a red cross between the shoulder blades),  and were known for mixing paganism and occultism with Christianity.

3. They were also "sacred kings" who "reigned but did not rule," leaving the messy business of governing to the mayors of the palace (it was from these Pippinid Mayors that the Carolingians arose).

4. The "dossiers secretes" attempt to present a number of families today - including the Plantards, the Montesquious, and the Hapsburgs - as being descended from the Merovingians.

5. They also implicitly argue that every dynasty since then has, implicitly, been usurpers due to the pact between Clovis and the Church.

6. The Merovingian dynasty was thought to be wiped out (in reality, a few minor branches survived), but the "prieure documents" claim a line from Dagobert II has survived up until the present.

7. The narrative presented in the "prieure documents" has little or no corroboration in historical sources, but it suggests that Dagobert II's son Sigisbert IV (our ancestor) survived his father's assassination by Pepin the Short in the Forest of Woivres in 679, and came to Rennes-les-Chateau in 681. Sigisbert was supposedly the ancestor of Guillem de Gellone, the Jewish exilarch of Septimania, a royal pretender named "Ursus", and Godfroi de Bouillion. "Orthodox" genealogy does not support these claims.

Sirius: In 1973, Gerard de Sede claimed in La Race Fabuleuse that the Merovingians were descended from beings from Sirius, thus irrevocably linking the PoS mysteries to the "Sirius Mystery".

1. Sirius is a complex subject in the world of esoterica. Antonin Artaud wrote a play about the "Dog Star" in the 1920s, called "The Broken Firmament", suggesting it was of interest to the Surrealists.

2. Since the 1970s, a number of people have claimed contact by the Sirians - Robert Anton Wilson, Timothy Leary, Philip K. Dick, etc., shortly after the publication of Robert K. Temple's Sirius Mystery, claiming that the Dogon tribe of Mali had been given knowledge of this binary star by "Nommos" from that solar system.

3. Crowleyans like Kenneth Grant claim that "Lam," the being that communicated the Liber AL, was from Sirius.

4. And Sirius, in the form of the "Ennead of Heliopolis," also talked to Andrija Puharich, Uri Geller, and a group of channelers organized by Puharich.

5. However, to find the weird links between this group and what the authors term "The Stargate Conspiracy", a fascist plot to make the planet believe that the gods of ancient Egypt were extraterrestrials who created our civilization, you should read the book by the same name by authors Pincknett and Prince. The Order of the Solar Temple also expected to be reborn near Sirius...

The Golden Fleece: Many PoS texts refer to the voyage of the Argonauts, in search of the fabled Golden Fleece. As is well known, the Argonauts sailed to Colchis in Asia Minor, or Anatolia.

1. Anatolia is home of one of the earliest human civilizations (Catal Huyuk),

2. Mount Ararat (said to be the mountain of Noah, but it is also the home of the Urartian or Armenian people), the Taurus Mountains, and the land of Galatia or Galatea.

3. This was a part of Asia Minor conquered by the Gaul or Gaelic peoples in the 3rd century BCE, after they went and sacked the oracles of Greece. One of Plantard's orders was known as "Alpha Galates," the origin from the land of the Galates.

4. In alchemy, the Golden Fleece sometimes symbolizes the Philosopher's Stone.

The Cross of Lorraine:   In the 1940s, Charles de Gaulle made the Cross of Lorraine the official symbol of the Maquis or French Resistance. It's not clear why, since this symbol was previously associated with the Alsace-Lorraine region, which had only become part of France in the last 200 years, and it was also associated with the Guise-Lorraine families who made a failed "bid" for the monarchy in the 17th century.  

a. The double-armed Cross of Lorraine appears to incorporate phi, the Golden Ratio, in its structure.

b. The PoS also seems to consider it "their" symbol. Interestingly, it also seems to resemble the "Jacob's staff" of medieval Jewish philosopher Levi ben Gerson, used to determine longitude through observation of the moon.

Et in Arcadia Ego: "Even in Arcadia, I amÖ" According to art historian Panofsky, this is an elegiac motto, proclaiming that even in the paradisial realm of Arcadia death still exists.

a. Hence, the shock of Poussin's shepherds discovering the tomb of a shepherdess in the midst of their pastoral paradise. However, he was not the first to use the motto in his art: it appears in a 1502 poem by Jacopo Sannzaro, and in an earlier painting by Guercino.

b. Poussin's first version of Shepherds dates from 1620, and the second from 1650: both have the inscription "Et in Arcadia Ego" on the tomb.

c. There is a monument known as The Shepherds' Monument near Shugborough Hall which contains a version of the 2nd Poussin painting, but reversed, with an inscription underneath that appears to be an acrostic for a line of poetry from poetess Anna Seward of Lichfield. Shugborough Hall was the work of Lord Admiral Anson, a "corsair" and James "the Athenian" Stuart, but the artist who specifically created this monument was a Dutchman known as Scheemakers. When Anson died, a eulogy was read for him in Parliament which mentions "reason's finger pointing at the tomb." Henry Lincoln claims that Shugborough Hall had a copy of both the Poussin painting, and St. Anthony and St. Paul in the Desert by Teniers, mislabeled as Elijah and Elisha Fed by Ravens near Mount Carmel. (This is the only painting by Teniers which does not show St. Anthony being tempted.)

Arcadia, the place in Greece thought to be the home of the oldest antediluvian races, was also associated in medieval iconography and symbolism with the "underground stream" Alphaeus, which was said to flow all the way to Sicily.

a. According to the "prieure documents," the Benjaminites, (Mary was from the tribe of Benjamin) who were ancestors of the Merovingians, fled to the Arcadia region of Greece, and later migrated to Europe, becoming one of the ancestral origins of the Salian Franks.

b. Rene D'Anjou did a great deal to promote the romantic idea of Arcadia and it turns up in much of his work, as well as Renaissance poems and songs.

c. The original name of Nova Scotia was Arcadia, but the r was dropped to shorten it to "Acadie".

1. It is from Acadie that the "Cajuns" of Louisiana are from, who sing the old folk song "Good King Dagobert".

2. Some authors claim that Prince Henry Sinclair sailed to A(r)cadia in the 14th century, and may have even brought the Grail with him, leaving it in Oak Island.

3. The blue lotus or waterlily, the stargate of the Egyptians, also grows in Arcadia National Forest.

The Meridian:  Many of the PoS texts deal with the Paris Meridian, and hint that the line created by Colbert, Cassini, and Arago, passing through the Paris Observatory, is really an "impostor" - France already had a "hermetic" or hidden meridian, possibly dating back thousands of years. It seems that the very PoSish site of Saint-Sulpice is on the line of the old meridian or "roseline", as hinted at by Le Serpent Rouge, subtiled Notes on Saint Sulpice and Saint Germain de Pres. By moving the line, Cassini and company threw an ancient system out of whack.

1. One strange discovery I have found is that a similar episode appears to have occurred in the American capitol of Washington, DC.

2. Apparently, DC was originally designed so that 16th street would be its original north-south meridian -- and this meridian was going to be the "zero meridian" of the United States.

3. After Greenwich was made the international meridian, DC and Paris both renounced their claims. Today,  DC uses Capitol Street as its N-S axis,

4. but certain monuments, especially those in Meridian Hill Park, point to the older axis. On 16th street, one also finds the home of the Scottish Rite Temple and several esoteric churches and monuments.

The Rose: Rosicrucianism, the Rosy Cross, and rose-line symbolism is all over the place in this mystery.

1. In Sauniere's church, St. Germaine de Pribrac releases a bevy of roses from her apron.

2. The "Fleury Mural" seems to show a rose-filled flowery landscape, associated with the Fleury family.

3. Go to Rodez, and you will find a rose-colored cathedral with rose windows emblazoned with the Star of David.

4. In the Middle Ages, the rose was a symbol of esotericism - sub rosa means to do something in secret.

5. The Templars' cross pattee was a red or rose cross.

How interesting, then, to discover, as I have recently, that the name of several places in France - Rhedae/Rennes, Rouen/Rhodom, Rodez/Rhodes, are derived from the Greek Island of Rhodes, whose name itself comes from the rose-goddess Rhoda.

1. Contemporary texts say that the red-haired Celtic "Redones" or "rose people" (Rutheni/Rhodanim) setlled both Rennes in the Midi and Rennes in Brittany - the name derives from the ethnic group.

2. It is said that the resident goddess of Mount Sion-Vaudemont, the "other Sion" of the "priory of Sion" in Switzerland, is Rosemertha - the Rose mother.

3. Interestingly, one interpretation of the King Arthur legends is that "Arthur" or "Ursus" was really Riothamus, a Dark Age Celt ruler of a "thalassocracy" that spanned Brittany in France and Cornwall in England.

4. Many of the places near Breton Rennes are associated with Arthur and the Grail legends, and many of the Breton kings had Judaic names.

5. And some derive Riothamus' name from...

6. Joseph of Arimathea, the supposed bearer of the Grail to Glastonbury.

Rosslyn Chapel:  As with many other aspects of this mystery, the importance of Rosslyn Chapel is unclear and seems to have been obfuscated, unfortunately. Its owners, the Sinclairs, claim to be the hereditary patrons of Scottish Freemasonry, to have explored the New World (particularly Nova Scotia and Oak Island) a century before Columbus, and to be connected to the Templars through marriage and descent. Some of this appears to be in doubt, because it's based on the work of Jacobite historian Father Hay, who used documents that were lost in a fire... in any case, we do know William Sinclair did build Rosslyn in the 1400s, it does contain very unusual carvings (particularly people who look like Templars engaging in things that seem like Masonic rituals), and it does incorporate unusual geometry. (SOME say that this geometry replicates the Temple of Solomon.) Pierre Plantard seems to have changed his name to "de St-Clair" in order to claim affiliation with the Sinclairs of Scotland.

Rosslyn, Gisors, Rennes-les-Chateau, Rennes-les-Bains, and Mont St. Michel are some places mentioned in the documents by name. Stenay (Satanicum) was Dagobert II's capitol, and the current home of Le Cercle Dagobert. Guidebooks suggest it is infamous for falling frogs. Mont St. Michel, according to the "prieure documents," was where "Et in Arcadia Ego" was first uttered, by Abbot Robert de Torigny in 1210.

Author John Michell claims a "St. Michael Ley" runs between Mont St. Michel and St. Michael's Mount in Cornwall. St. Michael's Mount is surrounded by the sea but the "Atlantis" legends of Ys and Lyonesse claim that it is sitting in a place where there was once dry land, which has now become submerged.

The Sacred Heart: Thanks to Mary-Margaret Alacoque, the Sacred Heart of Jesus seems to have become a curiously nationalistic symbol in France (like that of the Chevalier Bayard), connected with the church and the monarchy.

1. It also became a central symbol for esotericists like Guenon.

2. Guy Patton argues that the Sacred Heart cultus in France is deeply associated with the PoS, which he sees as a largely Catholic Traditionalist society, opposed (as many Sacred Heart believers were) to modernism and liberal democracy.

3. Paul Smith, another researcher, thinks that Sauniere was primarily involved in covert efforts to turn the Sacre-Coeur Basilica of Paris into a rallying point for a restored Catholic monarchy.

4. However, the Sacred Heart is a multi-valent symbol, and there are those that argue that for the PoS, the Sacred Heart they venerate is that of Mary Magdalene, not Jesus.

The Prieure Documents: In order to pierce the veil surrounding the mysteries of this group, it is necessary to pore over some of the esoteric texts they have hidden away in the Biblioteque Nationnale. Some of these documents are central to the mystery:

• Henri Boudet, Le Vraie Langue Celtique et le Cromlech de Rennes-les-Baines

• Philippe de Cherisey, Circuit. (a 1968 fictional novel).

• "Henri Lobineau," Les Dossiers Secretes.

• Eugene Stublein, "Pierres gravees du Languedoc" (it is thought that Stublein never wrote this in 1884 - it contains the Marie de Negre tomb inscription)

• Gaston de Koker, Pierre Feugere, and Louis Saint-Maxent, Le Serpent Rouge

• Jean DeLaude, Le Cercle D'Ulysee

• Antoine L'Ermite, Un Tresor Merovingian a Rennes-les-Chateau

• Pierre Jarnac, Melanges Sulfureux

Three authors who appear to have been "prieure spokesmen" were Gerard de Sede, Jean-Luc Chaumeil, and Louis Vazart. The journalist duo of Jean-Pierre Deloux and Louis Bretigny have also written "PoS" articles. Unfortunately, much of this material has not been translated from the French. Chaumeil was a UFO writer and now presents himself as an "expert" on the Order of the Solar Temple. De Sede appears to have been a Surrealist poet. Vazart is one of the leaders of the Cercle Dagobert, a Stenay-based organization that commemorates Dagobert II and his "progeny". Deloux is a writer on detective fiction, having written several essays on Raymond Chandler for POLAR magazine. Philippe De Cherisey was a Belgian TV-actor who appeared in several TV series and made-for-TV films. No one knows who "Lobineau" was although some think he was either Jewish antiquarian Leo Schidlof or the Count Henri de Lenoncourt. Koker, Feugere, and Saint-Maxent probably did NOT write the Red Serpent; it seems like their names were fished out of the obituaries because they had the misfortune to all die on the same day.

Sion: It's not clear which Sion the Priory of Sion takes its name from: Mt. Sion in Jerusalem, or Mt. Sion in Switzerland. In 1956, the PoS registered itself at Annemasse, not too far from Sion, Switzerland. Many of the first "prieure documents" seem to have been released through the Swiss Grand Loge Alpina (GLA). The full name of the group, according to its statutes, is the Priory of Our Lady of Zion, or "Sionis Prioratus", with the subtitle CIRCUIT, which is said to stand for Chivalry of Catholic Rules and Institutions of the Independent and Traditionalist Union. In the 19th century, Sion-Vaudemont was the site of an unusual series of events: a restoration effort of the Catholic shrines on the mountain by the Brothers Baillard was "derailed" by the Church, only to be resumed by a Norman Johannite mystic named Michel "Elias the Prophet" Vintras whose Church of Carmel preached the Joachmite dispensation and said the Magdalene would be the Mediatrix of the New Age.

The Angelic Society:  Three recent French books, Jules Verne: Initiate and Initiator by Michael Lamy, Arsene Lupin: Unknown Master by Patrick Ferte, and Fulcanelli and the Black Cat by Richard Khaitzine, seem to suggest that the PoS came into being as a sort of artistic society, uniting the Bohemian avant-garde artists of Montmartre (the Symbolists, the Surrealists, and the Romantics).  Apparently, these musicians, writer-poets, dramatists, and painters were interested in common themes, and in the Rabelaisian technique of using Grasset D'Orcet's "language of the birds"... creating puns, rebuses, and riddles for the purposes of satire, social criticism, and concealing knowledge. In the works of disparate creative people such as Honore de Balzac, Maurice Leblanc, Jules Verne, Raymond Roussel, Erik Satie, Pablo Picasso, Max Jacob, Valentine Gross Hugo, Marc Chagall, Gerard de Nerval, Maurice Barres, Josephin Peladan, Claude Debussy and "Les Six," Comte Robert de Montesquiou, Victor Hugo, Jean Cocteau, Charles Nodier, Stephane Mallarme, Maurice Maeterlinck, Jean-Julian Champagne (Fulcanelli), and perhaps even Pataphysician Alfred Jarry, can be found the techniques and interests we today associate with the "Priory of Sion". Lamy says that many of these people belonged to a group he calls The Brouillards (The Clouds) or the Angelic Society, of which the PoS is a modern manifestation. They are descended from the Gouliards, or medieval clerks and print-makers, whose mystical and heretical Cathar watermarks so fascinated Harold Bayley. Robert Anton Wilson also feels that a number of these people may have also belonged to the Hermetic Brotherhood of Luxor.

Some interesting facts: Balzac's Unknown Masterpiece is about a secret known to only two painters, Poussin and Pourbus; and appears to have been the inspiration for an occult masterpiece by Picasso. "Croise" Andre Malraux appears to have been part of an aerial expedition to discover the palace of the Queen of Sheba in Yemen, a feat which he was congratulated for by Haile Selassie of Ethiopia; as Minister of Cultural Affairs, he helped organize an archaeological expedition to Gisors in 1964. Leblanc's work The Triangle of Gold has the same name as a "prieure document" created by Jean-Luc Chaumeil in 1979. Satie left a strange note behind saying he was part of a society descended from the Knights Templar and the Protectors of the Holy Sepulchre. Barres' most famous work is La Colline Inspiree, about Sion-Vaudemont and the Baillard Brothers. In one of de Nerval's works, he said that he saw a star rising from the sea, and written on it was the name "Merovee".

Surrealism and the Oulipo

Increasingly, I am finding more evidence of Surrealists at work in this mystery. Henry Lincoln first pointed out that Cocteau's Mural in Notre Dame de France seems to have a pentagram centered on Cocteau's forehead. My research suggests that this pentagram is a reference to Cocteau's surrealist colleagues, Guillaume Apollinaire, who had a star-shaped wound on his head, and Raymond Roussel, who wrote a play, The Star in the Forehead. The Mural also contains a Blue Rose, which is an apparent allusion to a Russian Symbolist art group that influenced Marc Chagall and other painters. According to Simon Miles, the Surrealist poem Le Serpent Rouge contains symbolism from Jung's _Mysterium Coniunctionis_, which was of key interest to Surrealists. Most importantly, Gerard de Sede in the 1940s belonged to two Surrealist groups, Les Reverberes and La Main a Plume. Members of these groups would go on later to form the Workshop for Potential Literature (Oulipo) in the 1960s. Oulipo was interested in cryptograms, ciphers, textual reversals and inversions, geometric figures in paintings (Oupeinpo), and one key Oulipo text even used the Knight's Tour of the Chessboard as a organizing device. Jean-Pierre Deloux seems to be connected to Oupolipo, the offshoot of Oulipo devoted to creating detective police fictions. And Philippe de Cherisey seems to have written several articles on Alfred Jarry, the founder of the Surrealist College de Pataphysique.

1.  416844010. Garcie IV, King of Navarre was born about 1100 in of Navarre, Spain. He died 21 Nov 1150. Garcie married Marguerite.

416844011. Marguerite was born about 1104 in of Laige, Spain. She died 1141. [Parents]

2.  208422005. Blanche, Queen of Castile was born about 1134 in of Navarre, Spain. She died 12 Aug 1156. [Parents]

3.  104211002. Alphonso VIII, King of Castile was born 11 Nov 1155 in , Castile, Spain. He died 6 Oct 1214 and was buried in Huelgas, Burgos, Spain. Alphonso married Eleanor, Queen of Castile on 21 Sep 1177. [Parents]

4.  104211003. Eleanor, Queen of Castile was born 13 Oct 1162 in Falaise, Clvds, France. She died 13 Oct 1214 in Burgos, Burgos, Spain and was buried in Huelgas, Burgos, Spain. [Parents]

5.  52105501. Barengaria of Castile was born Aug 1181 in Segovia, Castile, Spain. She died 8 Nov 1244 in Burgos, Burgos, Spain. [Parents]

[Child]

6. 26052750. Ferdinand III, King of Castile was born 1191/1198 in of, Castile, Spain. He died 30 May 1252. Ferdinand married Joanna, Queen of Castile. [Parents]

26052751. Joanna, Queen of Castile was born after 1208. [Parents]

7. 13026375. Eleanor, Queen of England was born about 1244 in , Castile, Spain. She died 12 Nov 1290 in Herdeby, Lincolnshire, ENGLAND and was buried 16 Dec 1290 in Westminster Abby, London, ENGLAND. [Parents]

married - 13026374. Edward I "Longshank", King of England was born 17 Jun 1239 in Westminster, London, ENGLAND and was christened 22 Jun 1239. He died 7 Jul 1307 in Burgh, Cumberlandshire, ENGLAND and was buried 28 Oct 1307 in Westminster Abby, London, ENGLAND. Edward married Eleanor, Queen of England after 5 Aug 1254 in Burgos, Burgos, Spain.  

8.  Terrells descend from here