THE MEROVINGIANS

The Merovingians

by G C H Nullens

 

The Facts

This Frankish dynasty has always been known as the "first race" of the kings of France. It reigned on Gaul from the 5th to the 8th century that means from Clovis I (481-511) to Childeric III (743-751). Its name comes from Merovech who was Childeric I's father. Childeric I ruled over the Salian Frank tribe from his capital in Tournai, Belgium. His son, Clovis I born in 465 succeeded him in 481 or 482 A.D. He rallied under him in addition to the Salian the Ripuarian Franks and the Alamanni. He defeated Syagrius and the Visigoth king Alaric II in 507. His country extended this way to the Pyrennées. His conversion from Paganism to the Catholic religion promoted the fusion between the Franks and the Gallo-Roman population of the conquered countries. This assured the survival of his achievements whereas his Visigoth predecessors had been Arians trying to rule the Catholic Gaul.

 

 

The territories were partitioned between his three sons at his death in 511 but he expansion went on with the conquest of Burgundy. Clotaire I reunited the territories in 558 but it was partitioned again in 561, It took half a century of internal battles and the arrival of Clotaire II to reunite them again in 613. Dagobert I became the sole king in 629. On Dagobert's death in 639 the kingdom was divided again. Siegebert III had been King of Austrasia under Dagobert I until 639 and then sole king until 656. At his death Dagobert II became King of Austrasia until 660 or 661 when the Carolingians took over. Dagobert II was restored in 676 until his assassination in 679. He had a son called Sigebert IV. It is not known for certain if he was killed with his father or if he escaped.

 

 

The Carolingians took gradually over as Grand Master of the Palace and reduced the Merovingians Kings to mere puppets especially with Pepin II of Herstal. In the winter of 751-752 the last Merovingian King, Childeric III, was deposed and the Carolingian Pepin the Short was elected King in his place. He was send to a monastery with his son and did not leave any successor.

 

 

The only possibility to have continuity in the Merovingian dynasty would be with Dagobert II's son, Sigebert IV, if it could be proved that he was not killed with his father.

 

 

 

 

The Story

The treasure found by the priest Bérenger Saunière in Rennes-le-Chateau was saved for the future King of France. This King is not the official pretender from the Orleans family but the offspring of the Merovingian King, Saint Dagobert II. His son, Sigebert IV, was thought to have died with his father. This is not true according to the fourth parchment found by Saunière. As we know it was taken from Saunière and kept in Paris by the experts of Saint Sulpice. The abbot Bieil gave it to Emile Hoffet who kept it for himself.

 

 

When he died this document was bought by the British "International League of Antiquarian Booksellers" or so the story goes. A copy was given to the owner of the castle of Rennes-le-Chateau, Mr Marius Fatin, a well-known mason. According to this league, the castle is important due to the fact that it is there that Sigebert IV hid himself after he escaped after his father' s assassination. His descendants, the counts of Rhedae and the Dukes of Razès lived there too. This was written in the fourth parchment signed by Blanche de Castille found by Saunière in the Visigoth pillar in his Church. The parchment, according to the same source, was put there by the priest Bigou in 1788-1789. Before that date it was with the will of François-Pierre, Baron d'Hautpoul de Rennes and registered by the public notary Captier on 23 November 1644 in Espéraza. Saint Dagobert II was the grandson of Dagobert I. This last one succeeded to keep the Francs kingdom created by Clotaire II united until his death in 639. His successors divided the kingdom and Dagobert II, for instance, was only the King of Austrasia. After the death of his father, Sigebert III, in 656 his adopted son, Childéric I, reigned from 656 to 662. Childéric II followed him from 662 to 676. Finally Dagobert II climbed on the throne but he was assassinated in 679 as well as his son Sigebert IV according to the official history. The assassination was ordered by the palace Master Pépin d'Héristal.

 

 

The Merovingian dynasty continued formally with Thierry IV and Childéric III who was removed in 751 and this was the end of the dynasty. According to the parchment found by Saunière, and this could be true according to some historians, Sigebert IV escaped and arrived in the Razes on the 17 of January 681 where he took refuge with his grand father. Dagobert II had as a second wife Gisèle, the daughter of Béra II the count of Razès. The Merovingian line included, after Sigebert IV (676-758) also known as the "Plant-Ard" - from whom Mr Plantard took his name!-: Sigebert V (695-768), Bera III (715-771), Guillemon, Bera IV (755-836), Bera V (794-860), Hildéric I and finally Sigebert VI known as "Ursus". From this lineage came the Blanchefort family who gave three centuries later a Templar Grand Master, Bertrand de Blanchefort. The Pope who destroyed the Templars, Clement V, came from the same family. According to the parchment found by Saunière the lineage did not stop with Sigebert VI but continued up to this date although nobody claimed the French throne. (o)

 

 

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House of Charlemagne

WE ARE DESCENDED FROM THESE FRENCH KINGS

 

 

Descendants of King Charles Martel

 

 

1  King Charles Martel  

.  2  King Pepin 'The Short'  

....  3  Redburga  - 839

.......  +King 'Egbert' Ecgbert III of Wessex  755 - 838/39

.......  4  King Ethelwuld 'AEthelwulf'  Abt. 800 - 857/58

..........  +Osburger 'Osburga'  - 846

..........  5  King Alfred 'The Great'  849 - 899

.............  +Ealhswith 'Alwith' of the Gaini  - 905

.............  6  King Edward 'the Elder' of England  869 - 924

................  +Ecgwyn  - Abt. 901

................  7  Edhilda  945/46 -

...................  +Hugh 'the Great' Capet Count of Paris  Abt. 895 - 956

...................  8  King Hugh Capet  Abt. 938 - 996

......................  +Adelaide of Poitou  Abt. 945 - Abt. 1004

......................  9  King Robert 'the Pious' Capet II  972 - 1031

.........................  +Constance of Arles and Tolouse  Abt. 973 - 1032

......................... 10  [420] Princess Adela Capet  1009 - 1078/79

............................  +[419] Baldwin V "the Pious"  Abt. 1012 - 1067

............................ 11  [421] Lady Matilda, of Flanders  Abt. 1031 - 1083

...............................  +[422] King William 'The Conqueror'  1028 - 1087

............................... 12  [423] King Henry I 'Beauclerc'  Abt. 1068 - 1135

..................................  +[424] Princess Matilda  1078 -

.................................. 13  [425] Queen Matilda, Empress of Germany  Abt. 1103 - 1167

.....................................  +[426] Geoffrey Plantagenet  1113 - 1151

..................................... 14  [427] King Henry II  1132/33 - 1189

........................................  +[428] Princess Eleanor  Abt. 1122 - 1204

........................................ 15  [429] King John Lackland  1167 - 1216

...........................................  +[430] Countess Isabelle deClare  Bef. 1176 - 1217

........................................... 16  [431] King Henry III  1207 - 1272

..............................................  +[432] Princess Eleanor  Abt. 1217 - 1291

.............................................. 17  [433] King Edward I 'Longshanks'  1239 - 1307

.................................................  +[434] Princess Eleanor  

................................................. 18  [364] Princess Joan 'Of Acre' Plantagenet  

....................................................  +[365] Gilbert deClare  

 

18.  Joan of Acre, Princess, Joan of Acre, Princess

 

Born: 1272, Acre,Palestine

Died: 23 APR 1307, Clare,Suffolk,England

Interred: 26 APR 1307, Priory Church of the Austin Friars,Clare

Notes:

  Countess of Gloucester and Hertford. Her father had arranged for her to be

  married to Amadeus of Savoy, but she had already secretly married to Ralph,

  a member of the Kings household.

 

Father: , Edward I (Longshanks), King of England, b. 17 JUN 1239

 

Mother: , Eleanor of Castile, Cts de Ponthieu, b. ABT 1244

 

Associated with , Herman

 

Married 30 APR 1290, Westminster Abbey, London, England to de Clare, Gilbert

"the Red", Earl Gloucester 3rd

 

Child 1: de Clare, Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester, b. 10 MAY 1291

Child 2: de Clare, Eleanor, b. OCT 1292

Child 3: de Clare, Margaret, b. OCT 1292

Child 4: de Clare, Elizabeth, b. 16 SEP 1295

 

Married JAN 1297 to de Monthermer, Ralph, Baron, Earl of Hertford

 

Child 5: de Monthermer, Mary, b. 1298

Child 6: de Monthermer, Thomas, Baron Monthermer 2nd, b. 1301

Child 7: de Monthermer, Edward, Baron Monthermer 3rd, b. 1304

Child 8: de Monthermer, Joan, Nun at Amesbury

 

Associated with de Savoie, Amadeus V the Great, Count of Savoy

 

19. de Clare, Eleanor (Alianore) (~1292 - 1337) - female

b. ABT OCT 1292 in Caerphilly Castle, Glamorgan, Wales

d. 30 JUN 1337

father: de Clare, Gilbert 'The Red' Earl Gloucester (1243 - 1295)

mother: Plantagenet, Joan of Acre Princess of England (1272 - 1307)  

spouse: le Despencer, Hugh 'The Younger' Lord (? - 1326)

- m. AFT 14 JUN 1306

----------child: le Despencer, Isabel

----------child: le Despencer, Edward Sir (? - 1342)

----------child: le Despencer, Hugh

----------child: Despencer, Elizabeth (